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ID: 300015149
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300015149

 

Record Type: concept
coal (pyrobitumen, natural bituminous material, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Carbon-rich material that most often occurs in stratified sedimentary deposits. It is one of the most important of the primary fossil fuels. It is characterized by being solid, hard, opaque, black, or blackish, found in seams or strata in the earth, and largely used as fuel; it consists of carbonized vegetable matter deposited in former epochs of the world's history.
 
Terms:
coal (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,N)
coals (C,U,English,AD,U,N)
(C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
méi (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
mei (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles),UF,U,U)
mei (Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
kool (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
steenkool (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
charbon (coal) (C,U,French-P,D,U,N)
carbón (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of organic material
................ organic material (G)
Hierarchy of bituminous material
.................... bituminous material (G)
Hierarchy of natural bituminous material
........................ natural bituminous material (G)
Hierarchy of pyrobitumen
............................ pyrobitumen (G)
Hierarchy of coal
................................ coal (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 富碳材料,沈積於史前時代,含有碳化植物物質,最常見於分層沈積礦床,為最重要的主要化石燃料。其特性為固態、質硬、呈不透明黑色或微黑色,存於地底煤層或岩層,主要做為燃料使用。 

Related concepts:
produced/processed by ....  coal washeries
........................................  (washeries, accessory industrial buildings, ... Built Environment (hierarchy name)) [300419961]
used/required for ....  coal cookstoves
................................  (cook stoves, <culinary devices for cooking and heating>, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300423358]
used/required for ....  coal pans
................................  (heating equipment, <cooling, heating and humidifying equipment>, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300395503]

Sources and Contributors:
煤............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
........  化學名詞辭典 p. 41
carbón............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) 520
.................  Robb, Diccionario para Ingenieros (1979) 2282
charbon (coal)............  [CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
.............................  CHIN database (1988-)
coal............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
...........  AATA database (2002-) 121978 checked 26 January 2012
...........  BHA Subject Headings (1985-)
...........  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977) 190
...........  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
...........  Dictionary of Geological Terms (1984)
...........  Mills and White, Organic Chemistry of Museum Objects (1987) 54
...........  Mitchell, Dictionary of Rocks (1985)
...........  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982) Coal (as fuel)
...........  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
coals............  [VP]
..............  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
kool............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
...........  AAT-Ned (1994-)
...........  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
mei............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  TELDAP database (2009-)
méi............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  TELDAP database (2009-)
steenkool............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
....................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
....................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 121978 checked 26 January 2012
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982)
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)

 

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