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ID: 300264080
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300264080

 

Record Type: concept
santos (statues) (statues, <sculpture by subject type>, ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Carvings of saints and other holy figures, usually wooden or of ivory, produced for Roman Catholics in Spanish colonies in the Americas, the Caribbean, and elsewhere, or similar objects made at a later date in imitation. Santos were very popular; they have a particular style, reminiscent of the seventeenth-century Spanish Baroque style, but use a less refined technique and primitive representations. It was customary to dress them in clothing. For two-dimensional representations of saints in Mexico and the southwestern United States, prefer "retablos." For three-dimensional images of saints Mexico and the southwestern United States, prefer "bultos."
 
Terms:
santos (statues) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
santos (estatuas) (Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
santo (statue) (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
santo (estatua) (Spanish,AD,U,SN)
聖者雕像 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
聖者像 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
shèng zhě diāo xiàng (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
sheng zhe diao xiang (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
sheng che tiao hsiang (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
santo’s (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.VC

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)
.... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Visual Works (hierarchy name)
........ Visual Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of visual works (works)
............ visual works (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <visual works by material or technique>
................ <visual works by material or technique> (G)
Hierarchy of sculpture (visual works)
.................... sculpture (visual works) (G)
Hierarchy of <sculpture by subject type>
........................ <sculpture by subject type> (G)
Hierarchy of statues
............................ statues (G)
Hierarchy of santos (statues)
................................ santos (statues) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 聖人或其他神聖人物的小型木刻或象牙雕像,見於美洲、加勒比海和其他地方的西班牙殖民地,由羅馬天主教徒所刻製。亦指後人模仿此類早期雕像的作品;特色為帶有十七世紀的西班牙巴洛克風格,不過技巧較不精細,五官和身體的呈現風格較原始。起初可能是神父模仿進口雕像,自行雕刻而成;後來也受到原住民風格的影響。雕像身上的衣物,一般是以繡工精緻的布料製成。此種雕像於西班牙殖民地大受歡迎,在教堂和基督教家庭隨處可見,有些甚至成為朝聖者瞻仰的聖物。此詞彙也可指稱平面的聖者像,在墨西哥和美國西南部,將平面的聖者像稱為「祭壇裝飾畫」,而立體的聖者像則稱為「聖人娃娃」。 
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar kleine houten of ivoren beeldsnijwerken van heiligen en andere vereerde figuren, die werden gemaakt voor rooms-katholieken in Spaanse kolonies in Amerika, het Caribisch gebied en elders. De term kan ook verwijzen naar latere imitaties van deze vroege beeldsnijwerken. Ze kenmerken zich in het algemeen door een stijl die doet denken aan de 17de-eeuwse Spaanse barokstijl maar met een minder verfijnde techniek en primitieve voorstellingen van gelaatstrekken en anatomie. Ze werden waarschijnlijk oorspronkelijk gesneden door priesters die geïmporteerde beeldhouwwerken imiteerden en zijn uiteindelijk beïnvloed door inheemse stijlen. Ze werden uiterst populair in de Spaanse kolonies, konden worden aangetroffen in elk typisch christelijk huis en werden in kerken geplaatst, waar sommige de bestemming van bedevaarten werden. Het was gebruikelijk de santo’s te hullen in kleding van stof die vaak versierd was met complex borduurwerk. De term kan ook verwijzen naar tweedimensionale voorstellingen van heiligen die in Mexico en het zuidwesten van de Verenigde Staten ‘retablo’s’ worden genoemd. Driedimensionale beelden van heiligen worden vaak ‘bulto’s’ genoemd in Mexico en het zuidwesten van de Verenigde Staten. 
Spanish ..... Se refiere a tallas pequeñas de madera o de marfil de santos y otras figuras sagradas producidas por católicos en las colonias españolas en las Américas, Caribe y en otros sitios. También se puede referir a imitaciones posteriores de estas tallas tempranas. Son generalmente caracterizadas por un estilo reminiscente al estilo barroco español del siglo XVII, pero usando una técnica menos refinada y representaciones primitivas de los elementos faciales y la anatomía; probablemente fueron originalmente tallados a menudo por sacerdotes. 

Related concepts:
created by ....  santeros
..................  (<artists by subject or style of work>, artists (visual artists), ... People (hierarchy name)) [300258968]
distinguished from ....  retablos (panel paintings)
..................................  (<paintings by subject type>, paintings (visual works), ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300262837]
involve ....  saints
..............  (<people by state or condition>, people (agents), People (hierarchy name)) [300150555]

Sources and Contributors:
聖者雕像............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
聖者像............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
santo (statue)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
.............................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) II:1030
.............................  Random House Unabridged Dictionary (1993) 1701
.............................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961) 2012
santos (statues)............  [CDBP-SNPC, GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.............................  AATA database (2002-) 128495 checked 26 January 2012
.............................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
.............................  Grove Art Online (2008-)
.............................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) "Religion, iconography and subject-matter." Accessed 02/26/2001.
.............................  Shalkop, Wooden Saints (1967) title
.............................  Wroth, Images of Penance (1991) title
santo’s............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
sheng che tiao hsiang............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
......................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
sheng zhe diao xiang............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
shèng zhě diāo xiàng............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 128495 checked 26 January 2012
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Grove Art Online (2008-)
.......... Legacy AAT data
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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