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ID: 300171016
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300171016

 

Record Type: concept
prie-dieu chairs (<chairs by function>, chairs (furniture forms), ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Chairs with a low seat and a tall sloping back, used as a prayer seat or stool; the form was seen in the 17th century, but became particularly popular during the Gothic Revival of the 19th century. For kneelers of similar form having a support for elbows and bookshelf, but not in the form of a chair, use "prie-dieus (benches)." For chairs with a very similar design, particularly those dating to the 18th century, but intended for use by females watching card games, use "voyeuses à genoux." Prie-dieu chairs may be made of humble materials, such as a wooden frame with a rattan seat-kneeler, or they may be upholstered; they may include a shelf for prayer books. They are found in private chambers and occasionally in churches. If they are part of a set, it is usually a bedroom set. Voyeuses à genoux are always upholstered, and are generally part of a larger set along with voyeuses intended for males to sit astride while watching card games.
 
Terms:
prie-dieu chairs (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
prie-dieu chair (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
prie-dieu (chair) (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
prie-dieu (chair) (French,AD,U,MSN)
prie-dieu (silla) (Spanish,UF,U,SN)
chaises en prie-dieu (C,U,English,UF,L,PN)
chaises en prie-dieu (French-P,D,U,PN)
kneeling chairs (prie-dieu chairs) (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
devotional chairs (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
vesper chairs (prie-dieu chairs) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
prie-dieus (chairs) (C,U,English,UF,U,PN)
prie-dieux (chairs) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
prayer stools (prie-dieu chairs) (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
祈禱台 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
祈禱跪椅 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
祈禱跪凳 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
禱告台 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
禱告椅 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
法式祈禱用矮檯 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
qǐ dǎo tái (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
qi dao tai (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
ch'i tao t'ai (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
bidstoelen (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,PN)
bidstoel (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
knielbanken (bidstoelen) (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
knielbank (bidstoel) (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
Prie-Dieus (C,U,German,D,PN)
Prie-Dieu (C,U,German-P,AD,SN)
Betstuhl (Prie-Dieu) (C,U,German,UF,SN)
Betstühle (Prie-Dieus) (C,U,German,UF,PN)
Devotional Chair (C,U,German,UF,SN)
Devotional Chairs (C,U,German,UF,PN)
Gebetstuhl (Prie-Dieu) (C,U,German,UF,SN)
Gebetstühle (Prie-Dieus) (C,U,German,UF,PN)
Prié-Dieu (C,U,German,UF,SN)
Prié-Dieus (C,U,German,UF,PN)
Prie-Dieu-Stuhl (C,U,German,UF,SN)
Prié-Dieu Stuhl (C,U,German,UF,SN)
Prie-Dieu-Stühle (C,U,German,UF,PN)
Prié-Dieu Stühle (C,U,German,UF,PN)
reclinatorios (prie dieu silla) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
reclinatorio (prie dieu silla) (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)
beato (prie dieu silla) (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,SN)
prie dieu (silla) (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.TC

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Furnishings (hierarchy name)
........ Furnishings (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of furnishings (works)
............ furnishings (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <furnishings by form or function>
................ <furnishings by form or function> (G)
Hierarchy of furniture
.................... furniture (G)
Hierarchy of <furniture by form or function>
........................ <furniture by form or function> (G)
Hierarchy of seating furniture
............................ seating furniture (G)
Hierarchy of single seating furniture
................................ single seating furniture (G)
Hierarchy of chairs (furniture forms)
.................................... chairs (furniture forms) (G)
Hierarchy of <chairs by function>
........................................ <chairs by function> (G)
Hierarchy of prie-dieu chairs
............................................ prie-dieu chairs (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Components (hierarchy name)
.... Components (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of components (objects parts)
........ components (objects parts) (G)
Hierarchy of <components by specific context>
............ <components by specific context> (G)
Hierarchy of architectural elements
................ architectural elements (G)
Hierarchy of <architectural elements by building type>
.................... <architectural elements by building type> (G)
Hierarchy of religious building fixtures
........................ religious building fixtures (G)
Hierarchy of Christian religious building fixtures
............................ Christian religious building fixtures (G)
Hierarchy of <fixtures for seating or kneeling in Christian religious buildings>
................................ <fixtures for seating or kneeling in Christian religious buildings> (G)
Hierarchy of kneelers (furniture)
.................................... kneelers (furniture) (G)
Hierarchy of prie-dieu chairs
........................................ prie-dieu chairs (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 具低椅座與高而傾斜之椅背的椅子,做為禱告椅或凳;此形式見於十七世紀,但在十九世紀的哥德復興式期間變得特別流行。具有托肘處與書架的類似跪臺,但並非為椅子形式者,稱「祈禱用矮臺(長凳)」。具有非常類似之設計的椅子,特別是屬於十八世紀,但是供觀看牌局的女性使用者,稱為「膝式觀牌椅」。禱告椅可能是以粗糙的材料所製,例如木框加上藤莖跪臺椅座,或有可能裝上填塞料;可能包括放置祈禱書的架子。見於私人寢室,偶爾出現在教堂中。若為一整套的部份,通常是寢室套組。膝式觀牌椅則一定裝有填塞料,且通常與供男性跨坐觀看牌局的觀牌椅一起,屬於較大型套組的部份。 
German ..... Stuhl mit niedriger Sitzfläche und schräger Rückenlehne, der als Betstuhl oder Hocker genutzt wird; die Form trat im 17. Jahrhundert auf, wurde jedoch insbesondere im Zuge der Wiederbelebung des gotischen Stils im 19. Jahrhundert populär. Für eine Kniebank in ähnlicher Gestalt, die über eine Stütze für die Ellenbogen und ein Bücherbrett verfügt, aber nicht die Form eines Stuhles hat, siehe „Betstuhl (Bank)“. Für einen Stuhl in annähernd identischer Form, insbesondere ein solcher, der ins 18. Jahrhundert datiert, jedoch für Frauen zum Zuschauen bei einem Kartenspiel konstruiert war, siehe „Voyeuse à genoux“. Der Prie-Dieu kann aus einfachen Materialien gefertigt sein, wie beispielsweise einem Holzgestell mit Rattan-Knie-Sitz, oder er kann gepolstert sein; er kann auch über eine Ablage für Gebetbücher verfügen. Er tritt in privaten Kammern und gelegentlich in Kirchen auf. Ist er Teil einer Garnitur, handelt es sich gemeinhin um eine Schlafzimmergarnitur. Die Voyeuse à genoux ist immer gepolstert und in der Regel zusammen mit der für Männer konzipierten Voyeuse zum Rittlingssitzen während des Zuschauens bei einem Kartenspiel Teil einer umfangreicheren Möbelgarnitur. 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  prayer stools (stools, general)
..................................  (<stools by function>, stools (seating furniture), ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300038454]
distinguished from ....  prie-dieus (benches)
..................................  (<benches by form or function>, benches (furniture), ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300298975]
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  voyeuses à genoux
..................................................  (voyeuses, <chairs by function>, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300038242]

Sources and Contributors:
祈禱台............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 May 30, 2014
祈禱跪椅............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
祈禱跪凳............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
禱告台............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
禱告椅............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
法式祈禱用矮檯............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
beato (prie dieu silla)............  [CDBP-SNPC, VP]
.........................................  Alvarez et al., Diccionario de la decoración (1968) 96
Betstuhl (Prie-Dieu)............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
...................................  White und Robertson, Möbelstilkunde (1992) 17
Betstühle (Prie-Dieus)............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.........................................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
bidstoel............  [VP]
.................  Anet, working group AAT
.................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
bidstoelen............  [ANET Preferred, VP]
.......................  Anet, working group AAT
.......................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
chaises en prie-dieu............  [VP]
...................................  Museum of Fine Arts, Boston [online] (2003)
ch'i tao t'ai............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..........................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Devotional Chair............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.............................  Austen, Englische Möbel im Laufe der Jahrhunderte (1975) 55
.............................  Dewiel, Stühle und andere Sitzmöbel (1982) 159
devotional chairs............  [VP]
................................  Aslin, 19th Century English Furniture (1962) 33
Devotional Chairs............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
................................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
Gebetstuhl (Prie-Dieu)............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.........................................  Austen, Englische Möbel im Laufe der Jahrhunderte (1975) 55
.........................................  Lipps, Englische Möbel (1973) 145
Gebetstühle (Prie-Dieus)............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.........................................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
kneeling chairs (prie-dieu chairs)............  [VP]
...........................................................  Museum of Fine Arts, Boston [online] (2003)
knielbank (bidstoel)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
...................................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
knielbanken (bidstoelen)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
.........................................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
prayer stools (prie-dieu chairs)............  [VP]
.....................................................  Verlet, 18th Century in France (1967)
prie-dieu (chair)............  [AASLH Preferred, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
................................  AASLH data (2016-)
................................  Bazin, Barroco y Rococó (1992)
................................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
................................  Miller, Enciclopedia de Antigüedades (1999)
................................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/13193; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
................................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 13193
................................  Parks Canada Descriptive Dictionary of Objects / Dictionnaire descriptif d’objets (c 1996)
prie dieu (silla)............  [CDBP-SNPC, VP]
................................  Alvarez et al., Diccionario de la decoración (1968) 521
Prié-Dieu............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
....................  Dewiel, Stühle und andere Sitzmöbel (1982) 159
Prie-Dieu............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
....................  Miller, Battenberg-Antiquitaöten-Enzyklopaödie (2000) 527
....................  Payne, Sotheby's grosser Antiquitaöten-Führer Möbel (1995) 130
....................  White und Robertson, Möbelstilkunde (1992) 17
prie-dieu chair............  [VP]
.............................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
prie-dieu chairs............  [VP Preferred]
.............................  Aslin, 19th Century English Furniture (1962) 33
.............................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
.............................  Sotheby's Online (2001-)
prie-dieus (chairs)............  [VP]
...................................  Aronson, Encyclopedia of Furniture (1959) 344
...................................  Chenhall, Revised Nomenclature (1988)
...................................  Fleming and Honour, Dictionary of the Decorative Arts (1977) 632
...................................  Gloag, Short Dictionary of Furniture (1965) 374
...................................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1983) 1142
...................................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961) 1799
Prie-Dieus............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
Prié-Dieus............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
Prie-Dieu-Stuhl............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.............................  Miller, Battenberg-Antiquitaöten-Enzyklopaödie (2000) 527
.............................  Thornton, Innenarchitektur in drei Jahrhunderten (1985) 274
Prié-Dieu Stuhl............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.............................  Lipps, Englische Möbel (1973) 145
Prie-Dieu-Stühle............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.............................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
Prié-Dieu Stühle............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.............................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
prie-dieux (chairs)............  [VP]
...................................  Beard, National Trust Book of English Furniture (1985) 181
...................................  Oxford Companion to the Decorative Arts (1975) 653
...................................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
qǐ dǎo tái............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
qi dao tai............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
reclinatorio (prie dieu silla)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
.....................................................  Bazin, Barroco y Rococó (1992) 209
.....................................................  Miller, Enciclopedia de Antigüedades (1999) 34
reclinatorios (prie dieu silla)............  [CDBP-SNPC, VP]
.....................................................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
vesper chairs (prie-dieu chairs)............  [VP]
.....................................................  Aslin, 19th Century English Furniture (1962) 33
 
Subject: .....  [AASLH, AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AASLH data (2016-)
............  Boily et al., Religious Objects (1994) 92
............  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
............  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/13193; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
............  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-)
............  Parks Canada Descriptive Dictionary of Objects / Dictionnaire descriptif d’objets (c 1996)
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Aronson, Encyclopedia of Furniture (1965)
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin

 

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