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ID: 300038418
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300038418

 

Record Type: concept
stools (seating furniture) (single seating furniture, seating furniture, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: A seat for one person, often without a back. They were the most common type of seat furniture until the 19th century. Distinct from "benches" in that they seat only one person; usually distinguished from "chairs" in that they have no back; however, tall seating pieces at a bar or counter are called stools though they sometimes have backs. Generally made in two types; one supported on four straight legs and the other with legs arranged crosswise.
 
Terms:
stools (seating furniture) (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,PN)
stool (seating furniture) (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
凳子 (座位傢具) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
(C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
dèng zi (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
deng zi (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
teng tzu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
krukken (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
kruk (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
tabourets (general stools) (C,U,French-P,D,U,PN)
tabouret (general stool) (C,U,French,AD,U,SN)
שרפרף / הדום (C,U,Hebrew,D,N)
הדום (C,U,Hebrew,AD,N)
הדום / שרפרף (C,U,Hebrew,UF,N)
taburetes (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
taburete (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.TC

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Furnishings (hierarchy name)
........ Furnishings (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of furnishings (works)
............ furnishings (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <furnishings by form or function>
................ <furnishings by form or function> (G)
Hierarchy of furniture
.................... furniture (G)
Hierarchy of <furniture by form or function>
........................ <furniture by form or function> (G)
Hierarchy of seating furniture
............................ seating furniture (G)
Hierarchy of single seating furniture
................................ single seating furniture (G)
Hierarchy of stools (seating furniture)
.................................... stools (seating furniture) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 僅供一個人坐的座椅,通常沒有靠背,是西元十九世紀之前最為普遍的一種座位家具。與「長凳」有所區隔,因為凳子只能容納一個人;通常也與「椅」有所不同,因為凳子沒有靠背;然而,吧台或櫃檯邊的高腳椅也被稱為凳子,不論有無靠背。一般而言凳子分成兩種類別,一種是以四隻筆直凳腳支撐,另一種的凳腳則是交叉式。 
Dutch ..... Het meest algemene soort zitmeubel tot de 19e eeuw. Ze verschillen van 'banken' omdat er maar één persoon op past en worden meestal onderscheiden van 'stoelen' omdat ze geen rugleuning hebben. De hoge zitmeubels bij een bar of toonbank worden echter ook krukken genoemd, hoewel ze soms een rugleuning hebben. Ze worden meestal in twee typen uitgevoerd; het ene type heeft vier rechte poten en bij het andere type kruisen de poten elkaar. 
Spanish ..... El mueble para sentarse más común hasta el siglo XIX. Se diferencia de "banco” en los cuales se sienta solamente una persona; normalmente se diferencian de las "sillas" en que no tienen respaldo; sin embargo, piezas para sentarse altas en un bar o mostrador son llamados taburetes aunque algunas veces tienen respaldos. Generalmente fabricados en dos tipos; uno apoyado sobre cuatro patas rectas y el otro con patas dispuestas diagonalmente. 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  backstools
..................................  (<chairs by form>, chairs (furniture forms), ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300037789]
distinguished from ....  benches (furniture)
..................................  (multiple-seating furniture, seating furniture, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300038494]
distinguished from ....  chairs (furniture forms)
..................................  (single seating furniture, seating furniture, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300037772]

Sources and Contributors:
凳子 (座位傢具)............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
....................  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 28 July, 2014 September 16, 2013
凳............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 September 16, 2013
שרפרף / הדום............  [IMJ]
.......................  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
הדום / שרפרף............  [IMJ]
.......................  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
הדום............  [IMJ]
...........  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
deng zi............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
dèng zi............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
kruk............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
...........  AAT-Ned (1994-)
...........  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
krukken............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
stool (seating furniture)............  [AASLH Preferred, CHIN / RCIP, IMJ Preferred, VP]
............................................  AASLH data (2016-)
............................................  Chenhall, Revised Nomenclature (1988)
............................................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
............................................  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
............................................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/1158; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
............................................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 1158
............................................  Parks Canada Descriptive Dictionary of Objects / Dictionnaire descriptif d’objets (c 1996)
stools (seating furniture)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
...............................................  AATA database (2002-) 129278 checked 26 January 2012
...............................................  Aronson, Encyclopedia of Furniture (1959) illustration, 413
...............................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
...............................................  Eames, Medieval Furniture (1977) 181
...............................................  Fleming and Honour, Dictionary of the Decorative Arts (1977) 761
...............................................  Gloag, Short Dictionary of Furniture (1965) 454
...............................................  Hayward and Kirkham, William and John Linnell (1980) Vol. 2, 126
...............................................  Hepplewhite, Cabinet-Maker and Upholsterer's Guide (1969) illustration, 16
...............................................  Ince and Mayhew, Universal System of Household Furniture (1960) illustration, 8
...............................................  Kane, 300 Years of American Seating Furniture (1976) 215
...............................................  Montgomery, American furniture: Federal Period (1966)
...............................................  Nomenclature 3.0 for Museum Cataloging (2010)
...............................................  Oxford Companion to the Decorative Arts (1975) 757
...............................................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
...............................................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982)
...............................................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
...............................................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
...............................................  Winterthur Museum, Object name list, unpub. (1987)
tabouret (general stool)............  [AASLH, CHIN / RCIP, VP]
.........................................  AASLH data (2016-)
.........................................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
.........................................  CHIN database (1988-)
.........................................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/1158; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
.........................................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 1158
.........................................  Parks Canada Descriptive Dictionary of Objects / Dictionnaire descriptif d’objets (c 1996)
tabourets (general stools)............  [CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
...............................................  CHIN database (1988-)
taburete............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.................  Alvarez et al., Diccionario de la decoración (1968) 607
.................  Fleming y Honour, Diccionario de Artes Decorativas (1987) 808
.................  Rodríguez Bernis, Diccionario de Mobiliario (2006) 318
taburetes............  [CDBP-SNPC]
....................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
teng tzu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AASLH, AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, GCI, IMJ, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AASLH data (2016-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 129278 checked 26 January 2012
............  Bishop, Centuries and Styles of the American Chair (1972) 180; rotary stools
............  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  Getty Vocabulary Program rules swivel stools
............  Hayward, World Furniture (1965) cross-legged stools; folding X-stools; screw stools
............  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
............  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/1158; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
............  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-)
............  Parks Canada Descriptive Dictionary of Objects / Dictionnaire descriptif d’objets (c 1996)
............  Richter, Furniture of the Greeks (1966) sellae
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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