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ID: 300037053
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300037053

 

Record Type: concept
claymores (broadswords, <swords by form>, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Two-handed Scottish broadswords with a long, heavy double-edged blade, long diamond-section quillons angling toward the blade, and a tubular leather-covered hilt with a round pommel; they were used by Scottish Highlanders and mercenaries from the 15th to the 17th century. Use also for the one-handed Scottish broadswords with basket hilts in use in the British Army since the early 18th century.
 
Terms:
claymores (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
claymores (Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
claymores (Dutch-P,D,U,PN)
claymore (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
claymore (Dutch,AD,U,U)
claymore (French-P,AD,U,FSN)
claymore (Spanish,AD,U,SN)
蘇格蘭闊刃大劍 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
蘇格蘭闊刃劍 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
雙刃大砍刀 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
sū gé lán kuò rèn dà jiàn (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
su ge lan kuo ren da jian (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
su ko lan k'uo jen ta chien (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.TK

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Weapons and Ammunition (hierarchy name)
........ Weapons and Ammunition (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of weapons
............ weapons (G)
Hierarchy of edged weapons
................ edged weapons (G)
Hierarchy of swords
.................... swords (G)
Hierarchy of <swords by form>
........................ <swords by form> (G)
Hierarchy of broadswords
............................ broadswords (G)
Hierarchy of claymores
................................ claymores (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 蘇格蘭的雙手闊刃劍,具有長而重的雙刃口劍刃,鑽石形切面的長鍔叉向劍刃傾斜,並有一道以皮革包覆的管狀劍柄,帶有劍柄圓球。自十五至十七世紀,為蘇格蘭高地士兵及雇佣兵所使用。該詞彙亦用來指稱具籃狀劍柄的單手蘇格蘭闊刃劍,自十八世紀早期即為英國陸軍所使用。 
Dutch ..... Houwdegens met een ingewikkeld beugelgevest van Schots ontwerp, gebruikt in het Britse leger sinds het begin van de 18e eeuw. Term oorspronkelijk gebruikt voor tweehandige slagzwaarden met een lange, zware en tweesnijdende kling, lange pareerstangen met een ruitvormige doorsnede die schuin staan ten opzichte van de kling en een kokervormig, met leer bedekt gevest met een ronde gevestknop; gebruikt door Schotse hooglanders en huurlingen van de 15e tot de 17e eeuw. 
Spanish ..... Úsese para espadas escocesas anchas que se empuñaban con las dos manos, con una hoja larga, pesada, de doble filo, gavilanes de larga sección romboide en ángulo en dirección a la hoja, y una empuñadura tubular cubierta de cuero con un pomo redondo; fueron usadas por los soldados de las tierras altas escocesas y mercenarios desde el siglo XV hasta el siglo XVII. Úsese también para las espadas ancha escocesas, con empuñaduras de canasto, que se empuñan con una sola mano, usadas por el ejército británico desde principios del siglo XVIII. 

Sources and Contributors:
蘇格蘭闊刃大劍............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
蘇格蘭闊刃劍............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
雙刃大砍刀............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..............  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
claymore............  [AASLH Preferred, CDBP-SNPC Preferred, CHIN / RCIP Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
.................  AASLH data (2016-)
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Chenhall, Revised Nomenclature (1988)
.................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
.................  Martínez, Gran Enciclopedia Universal (1985) 8:3520
.................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/8220; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
.................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 8220
.................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
.................  Weland, Espadas, Dagas y Sables (1999)
claymores............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
....................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
....................  Diagram Group, Weapons (1980) illustration, 48
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  Quick, Weapons and Military Terms (1973) illustration
....................  Tarassuk and Blair, Complete Encyclopedia of Arms and Armor (1979) illustration
....................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
....................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
sū gé lán kuò rèn dà jiàn............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
............................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
su ge lan kuo ren da jian............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
............................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
su ko lan k'uo jen ta chien............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...............................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AASLH, AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AASLH data (2016-)
............  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
............  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/8220; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
............  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-)
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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