Knoedler Gallery Archive
M. Knoedler & Co. records, circa 1848–1971
The Knoedler Gallery Archive illuminates the business relationships and records of one of America's oldest and most preeminent art galleries, founded in 1848 by Michael Knoedler and his employers Adolphe Goupil and William Schaus from the French firm Goupil, Vibert & Cie (later Boussod, Valadon & Cie). The Knoedler Gallery was founded before the establishment of most museums in this country and was, therefore, able to play a central role as a conduit for the masterworks that established American museum collections.
Although Goupil, Vibert & Cie initially established the gallery in 1848 to sell reproductions of French prints, Knoedler, the firm's New York manager, bought out the operation nearly a decade later and transformed it into a major dealer of old-master paintings and British art. His success with these works influenced American art consumption, as collectors' tastes began to shift away from French Salon paintings. Though Knoedler was not the only art dealer selling this type of work, by the 1890s he was far and away the major supplier to the American market.
With the exception of the reference library, which the Knoedler Gallery sold separately in January 2012 and which consists of titles already in the Getty Research Institute's library, this acquisition represents the complete archive of the gallery's operations from the 1850s to 1971, when it was acquired by Armand Hammer. The archival material includes business records; correspondence among clients, artists, and Knoedler staff; card files on clients and artworks; photographs; prints; rare books; sales catalogs dating to the 18th century; and gallery installation plans.
This archive adds remarkable unpublished resources to the Getty Research Institute's collections documenting the history of taste, the art market, collecting, patronage, and artists and works of art represented by particular galleries. It also complements resources already held at the Research Institute, such as the archives of the Goupil, Vibert & Cie (later Boussod, Valadon & Cie) Gallery and the extensive records on the Duveen Brothers firm, which was in business at the same time and often worked with the same clients.
Housed for decades in the Knoedler Gallery's New York office, and previously not widely accessible for study, portions of the archive will be digitized, ensuring accessibility for the broadest possible range of international researchers.
Series I. Stock books: Available now
Series II. Sales books: Available now
Series III. Commission books: Available now
Series IV. Inventory cards: Available now
Series V. Receiving and shipping records
Series VI. Correspondence: December 2014
Series VII. Departments
Series VIII. London and Paris offices
Series IX. Other financial records
Series X. Photographs
Series XI. Research files
Series XII. Catalogs and ephemera