Students will be able to:
use nouns, verbs, adjectives, and sensory words to describe details in two paintings.
write a narrative with a clear beginning, middle, and end.
use transitional words and phrases in a narrative.
identify how color, line, and movement are used to help tell stories in paintings.
apply their knowledge of descriptive language and artistic elements to create a landscape depicting the weather.
Part 1: Calm and Stormy Stories
1. Display an image of A Storm on the Mediterranean Coast and allow students to take the time to look closely at the work of art. Ask students what they would hear if they were in the painting. Have the class use their voices, hands, or objects at their desks to make each sound that is mentioned. For instance, the sound of rain could be imitated if students pat their laps rapidly, alternating hands. The sound of wind could be imitated with rustling papers. After students provide four or five sounds, tell each student to choose one sound to make in order to bring the painting to life using the whole class. Have all students make their chosen sound at once.
2. Discuss the painting further using the following questions:
What other sensory details do you notice in the painting?
Can you name nouns that describe things in the foreground? What do you see in the middle ground? In the background?
What adjectives can you use to describe the scene?
What verbs can you use to describe what people are doing?
What is happening in this painting? What do you see that would make you say that?
Chart each response on the board under the categories of "nouns," "verbs," and "adjectives."
3. Display an image of A Calm at a Mediterranean Port and repeat Steps 1 and 2.
4. On chart paper, have students compare and contrast the paintings using a graphic organizer of your choice (i.e., a Venn diagram or Thinking Maps® such as a Double Bubble Map). Which details are included in both paintings? Which details are different?
5. Tell students that they will write a first draft of a narrative that takes place in the scenes depicted in the two paintings. The narrative begins in the scene depicted in A Calm at a Mediterranean Port, and the narrative must end in the scene depicted in A Storm on the Mediterranean Coast. Have students concentrate on what changes from one painting to the other. Allow students to work with a partner to brainstorm ideas for what happened in the middle of the story.
6. For the first drafts, tell students to skip a line after every sentence. They will use the skipped lines later when inserting transitional words or phrases. For now, students can use the word "then" as a transition between events in their stories. Invite a few students to read their stories aloud to the class.
7. After students complete their first drafts, have them cirlce each time they used the word "then" in their stories. Ask students to work with a partner and brainstorm transitional words and phrases that they could use instead of the word "then." Invite students to share their ideas and write them on the board. Provide additional transitional words and phrases that were not already mentioned (i.e., "eventually," "suddenly," "for fear that," "as a result of").
8. Have students refer to the list of transitional words and phrases on the board and replace every "then" in their stories with a more interesting transition. Invite students to read their revised stories aloud to the class. Discuss which versions are more interesting to hearthe versions with "then" as transition, or the versions with other transitional words and phrases.
Part 2: Calm or Stormy Paintings
1. Return to the images of A Calm at a Mediterranean Port and A Storm on a Mediterranean Coast. How does the artist show that the setting is calm? How does the artist show that the setting is stormy? How does he use color, movement, and line to help tell the story? Point out that there are more diagonal lines and a lot of movement in the painting of the storm, and more horizontal and vertical lines in the painting of the calm setting. Also point out that the sky takes up a large portion of each canvas, which helps viewers to see all the details included to paint a stormy or calm sky.
2. Pass out drawing paper and colored pencils, and tell students they will be creating landscapes. Each student must choose whether he or she will paint a stormy or calm landscape. Have each student use colored pencils to draw objects in the foreground and middle ground of his or her landscape. Instruct students to leave a large portion of their papers blank for the sky, which they will be painting later. As they draw, remind students that more diagonal lines should be included in a stormy landscape and more horizontal and vertical lines should be included in a calm landscape.
3. When students' drawings are complete, pass out watercolors and paint bruushes. Instruct students to paint a wash of color for the sky. Tell students who are creating stormy landscapes that they should not just paint the sky black. Tell them that they should paint areas of light and dark, as seen in Vernet's painting. Students who are creating calm landscapes can use primarily light colors and horizontal and vertical lines.
Common Core Standards for English Language Arts
SPEAKING AND LISTENING
3.1 Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 3 topics and texts, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly.
4.1 Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 4 topics and texts, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly.
4.6 Differentiate between contexts that call for formal English (e.g., presenting ideas) and situations where informal discourse is appropriate (e.g., small-group discussion); use formal English when appropriate to task and situation. (See grade 4 Language standards 1 and 3 for specific expectations.)
5.3 Summarize the points a speaker or media source makes and explain how each claim is supported by reasons and evidence, and identify and analyze any logical fallacies.
5.6 Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, using formal English when appropriate to task and situation. (See grade 5 Language standards 1 and 3 for specific expectations.)
3.1 Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
3.6 Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate conversational, general academic, and domain-specific words and phrases, including those that signal spatial and temporal relationships (e.g., After dinner that night we went looking for them).
4.2 Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
4.6 Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases, including those that signal precise actions, emotions, or states of being (e.g., quizzed, whined, stammered) and that are basic to a particular topic (e.g., wildlife, conservation, and endangered when discussing animal preservation).
5.3 Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening.
5.6 Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases, including those that signal contrast, addition, and other logical relationships
(e.g., however, although, nevertheless, similarly, moreover, in addition).
Visual and Performing Arts Content Standards for California State Public Schools
1.1 Perceive and describe rhythm and movement in works of art and in the environment.
1.3 Identify and describe how foreground, middle ground and background are used to create the illusion of space.
2.3 Paint or draw a landscape, seascape or cityscape that shows the illusion of space.
EnglishLanguage Arts Content Standards for California Public Schools
1.0 Writing Strategies
1.1 Create a single paragraph.
Writing Applications (Genres and Their Characteristics)
2.1 Write narratives.
2.2 Write descriptions that use concrete sensory details to present and support unified impressions of people, places, things, or experiences.
Listening and Speaking
1.0 Listening and Speaking Strategies
1.3 Respond to questions with appropriate elaboration.