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ID: 500114962
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/ulan/500114962

 
Record Type: Person
Medici, Cosimo de' (Florentine statesman, banker, 1389-1464)

Note: Cosimo was the son of Giovanni di Averardo (di Bicci) de' Medici. He was a humanist and the greatest private patron of art and architecture of his time; he introduced a new conception of patronage in which he exploited the propaganda value of architecture and sculpture. Cosimo increased his father's trading and banking business and became one of the wealthiest men of his time. The Albizzi, one of the other leading families, attempted a coup, forcing Cosimo into exile; but returned in triumph in 1434, and the Medici principate began. Cosimo has been traditionally blamed for destroying Florentine liberties, however these ancient liberties had always been more of an illusion than a reality, and they had ceased to exist in the under the Albizzi. While wielding nearly absolute power, Cosimo successfully retained the appearance of a constitutional system.

Names:
Medici, Cosimo de' (preferred,V,index,LC)
Cosimo de' Medici (V,display)
Cosimo il Vecchio de' Medici (V)
Cosimo de' Medici il Vecchio (V)
Cosimo de' Medici the Elder (V)

Nationalities:
Italian (preferred)
Florentine

Roles:
statesman (preferred)
banker
patron

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Florence (Firenze province, Tuscany, Italy) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
member of ....  Medici, House of  
................  (Italian rulers, bankers, 15th-18th centuries) [500114961]
parent of ....  Medici, Piero de’  
................  (Italian ruler, 1416-1469) [500356780]
patron of ....  Alberti, Alberto  1563-1586
................  (Italian architect, sculptor, and engineer, 1525-1598) [500010899]
patron of ....  Donatello  
................  (Italian sculptor, ca. 1386-1466) [500026022]
patron of ....  Michelozzo di Bartolomeo  
................  (Italian architect and sculptor, 1396-1472) [500032603]
patron of ....  Parigi, Giulio  
................  (Italian architect, printmaker, 1571-1635) [500012573]
patron of ....  Vico, Enea  
................  (Italian printmaker, numismatist, and author, 1523-1567) [500011571]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Non-Artists
 ........  Medici, Cosimo de' (I)

Biographies:
(Florentine statesman, banker, 1389-1464) ..... [VP Preferred]
(Italian statesman, 1389-1464) ..... [AVERY]

Additional Names:

Sources and Contributors:
Cosimo de' Medici ........ [VP]
..................................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) Accessed 02/13/2002.
Cosimo de' Medici il Vecchio ........ [VP]
.....................................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Cosimo de' Medici the Elder ........ [VP]
...................................................  Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (1994-2001) Accessed 02/13/2002.
Cosimo il Vecchio de' Medici ........ [VP]
.....................................................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) Cosimo de'Medici." Accessed 02/13/2002.
Medici, Cosimo de' ........ [AVERY Preferred, VP Preferred]
....................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
....................................  Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (1994-2001) "Medici, Cosimo de'," accessed 13 February 2002.
....................................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) n 50047608

Subject: ........ [AVERY, Gallery Systems, VP]
....................  Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (1994-2001) "Medici, Cosimo de'," accessed 13 February 2002.; Accessed 02/13/2002.
....................  Gallery Systems (2000-) LOC ID: n50047608
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) Accessed 02/13/2002.; Cosimo de'Medici." Accessed 02/13/2002.
....................  LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) LOC ID: n50047608
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, VP]
.......... Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (1994-2001) Accessed 02/13/2002.
.......... Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) Accessed 02/13/2002.
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