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ID: 500000151
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/ulan/500000151

 
Record Type: Person
Niobid Painter (Attic vase painter and potter, active ca. 470-ca. 445 BCE)

Note: A Greek vase painter and potter who is named after a scene on an Attic calyx krater depicting the Killing of the Niobids in the Louvre in Paris; about 130 vases and fragments have been attributed to him. He was trained in the workshop of the Berlin Painter, but set up his own workshop along with the Altamura Painter and the Blenheim Painter ca. 470 BCE. This workshop specialized in making large vases and was later taken over by his student Polygnotos. His work reflects the transition from Archaic red-figure vase painting to the Classical style. His early compositions, figures and drapery were stiff and simple but later compositions became more complex, his figures began to interact, and his drapery became softer and more substantial with increasingly sharply differentiated details. His work is noted for its careful and assured draftsmanship. His figures are tall, slender and have broad heads with idealized profiles and clearly differentiated features. The Niobid Painter followed the Berlin Painter's preferences in vase shapes and ornament, favoring kraters, neck amphorae, hydriai and pelikai. He typically decorated them with an edging of a meander interrupted by crosses in squares, with a band of lotus palmettes around the mouth and lyre palmettes and palmette trees near the handles. This ornamental decoration is noted for its varied and meticulously drawn tendrils and leaves. The Niobid Painter favored scenes of lovers pursuing each other, sacrifices, the Departure of Triptolemos and great battles involving Amazons, centaurs, giants, or Trojans. The artist also appears to have been interested in glorifying Athens, preferring the Athenian hero Theseus over the more general Greek hero Herakles. He also drew inspiration from Athens' role in the recent wars with Persia and used Triptolemos, originally an Eleusinian hero, to embody Athens' claim to be the cultural and political center of Greece. It is thought that many compositions by the Niobid Painter and his followers may reflect lost wall paintings by Polygnotos of Thasos or Mikon. The most famous (on his name vase, on the opposite side to the Killing of the Niobids) probably represents the gathering of the Athenian heroes before the Battle of Marathon; he did not use the single ground line typical in vase painting to create an illusion of depth.

Names:
Niobid Painter (preferred,V,display)

Nationalities:
Ancient Greek (preferred)
Greek
Attic
Athenian

Roles:
artist (preferred)
vase painter
potter

Gender: unknown

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
influenced ....  Geneva Painter  
....................  (Attic vase painter, active ca. 475-ca. 450 BCE) [500022380]
influenced ....  Painter of Bologna 279  
....................  (Attic vase painter, active ca. 475-450 BCE) [500020867]
influenced ....  Painter of the Berlin Hydria  
....................  (Attic vase-painter, active ca. 475-450 BCE) [500031147]
partner of ....  Altamura Painter  
..................  (Attic vase painter, ca. 475-ca. 450 BCE) [500008380]
related to ....  Blenheim Painter  
..................  (Attic vase painter, active ca. 480-ca. 450 BCE) [500060669]
related to ....  Painter of London E 470  
..................  (Attic vase painter, active ca. 480-450 BCE) [500090187]
student of ....  Berlin Painter  
..................  (Attic vase painter, active ca. 500-ca. 460 BCE) [500006931]
teacher of ....  Polygnotos  
..................  (Greek vase painter, active ca. 450-425 BCE) [500115802]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Niobid Painter (I)

Biographies:
(Attic vase painter and potter, active ca. 470-ca. 445 BCE) ..... [VP Preferred]
(vase-painter, active ca. 475-450 BCE) ..... [GRLPSC]

Additional Names:

Sources and Contributors:
Niobid Painter ........ [GRLPA Preferred, JPGM Preferred, VP Preferred]
..............................  Beazley, Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters (1984)
..............................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 30 Apr 2003

Subject: ........ [GRLPA, JPGM, VP]
....................  Beazley, Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters (1984)
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 30 Apr 2003
....................  Richter, Attic Red-Figured Vases (1958)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 30 Apr 2003
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