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ID: 7005174
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7005174

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Konstanz (inhabited place)  Konstanz (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 47 40 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 47.6667  decimal degrees
Long: 009 11 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 9.1833  decimal degrees

Note: The city of Konstanz is located on Lake Constance, where the Rhein River exits it. It was the site of a Roman fort, which was taken by the Alemanni in the 3rd century BCE, and made an episcopal see in the 6th century. It prospered in the linen trade from 13th century, threw off episcopal rule in the 14th century, and became the leader of a confederacy of towns. It joined the Protestant Schmalkaldic League 1531, but became Roman Catholic again in 1547. It came under Austrian rule and remained there until ceded to the duchy of Baden in 1805. The city remains a cultural and economic center, and has much historic architecture, including the Kaufhaus built in 1388, the Renaissance town hall, the Gothic Rosgarten Museum, and the Insel Hotel, a former medieval Dominican monastery. There are also a university and an art museum. It is a popular tourist destination. The 2004 estimated population was 80,100.

Names:
Konstanz (preferred,C,V,English-P,U,N)
Konstanz (German-P,U,N)
Constance (C,O,French-P,U,N)
Constanz (C,O)
Constantia (H,V)  ............ ancient name, possibly referring to reputed founding by Constantius Chlorus ca. 300 AD
Kostnitz (H,V)  ............ name sometimes used in Middle Ages

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Germany (nation)  ........  Germany (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Baden-W├╝rttemberg (state)  ............  Baden-W├╝rttemberg (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Konstanz (inhabited place)  ................  Konstanz (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  this site was first settled by Romans, though there were prehistoric settlements elsewhere along the lakeshore
city (C)
port (C)
commercial center (C)
manufacturing center (C)
tourist center (C)
cultural center (C)
political center (H)  ............  where Frederick I Barbarossa made peace with Lombard states in 1183
religious center (H)  ............  site of Council of Constance that declared doctrines of Huss, Jerome of Prague and Wycliffe heretical in 1414, and other debates
imperial city (H)  ............  established in 1192
episcopal see (H)  ............  established by Alemanni in 6th century; transferred to Meersburg in 1531

Sources and Contributors:
Constance..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
....................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
....................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 201
....................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
....................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 48
Constantia..........  [VP]
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 622
Constanz..........  [VP]
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 622
Konstanz..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VI, 951
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 103
.................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
Kostnitz..........  [VP]
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 622
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 201
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VI, 951
..................  LC Name Authority Headings. [online] (2002-) Konstanz (Germany) NAF 79090081, accessed 4 Feb. 2004
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1811125
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 103; 48
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 622
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 4 Feb. 2004

 

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