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ID: 1000144
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/1000144

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Türkiye (nation)  Türkiye (nation)

Coordinates:
Lat: 39 00 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 39.0000  decimal degrees
Long: 035 00 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 35.0000  decimal degrees

Note: Indigenous Anatolian peoples were invaded by Indo-European Hittites, forming empire ca. 1900 BCE; ruled by Persians 6th century BCE, then Greeks, then Romans 1st century BCE; settled by Turks from central Asia 11th century; was heart of Ottoman Empire 13th-19th centuries; official language is Turkish.

Names:
Türkiye (preferred,C,V,Turkish,U)
Türkiye (Turkish (transliterated)-P,U,N)
Türkiye Cumhuriyeti (C,V,O,Turkish,U)
Türkiye Cumhuriyeti (Turkish (transliterated),U,N)
Turkey (C,O,English-P,U,N)
Turkey (Scots)
Turkey (Indonesian)
Turkey (Shona)
Republic of Turkey (C,O,English,U,N)
Turkey, Republic of (C,O,English,U)
Turquie (C,O,French-P,U,N)
République turque (C,O,French,U,N)
Türkei (C,O)
Türkei (German)
Turkije (C,O,Dutch)
Turkije ()
Turkije (Western Frisian)
Turkije (Limburgan)
Turquía (C,O,Aragonese)
Turquía (Asturian)
Turquía (Galician)
Turquía (Spanish-P,U,N)
República de Turquía (C,O,Spanish,U,N)
Turquia (C,O,Portuguese)
Turquia (Catalan)
Turquia ()
Turquia (Occitan)
Turchia (C,O,Italian)
Turchia ()
Turchia (Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association))
Turchia (Napoletano-Calabrese)
Турция (C,O,Bulgarian)
Турция (Russian-P,U)
Турецкая Республика (C,O,Russian,U)
土耳其 (C,O,Chinese-P,U)
土耳其共和国 (C,O,Chinese,U)
حره اَ (C,O,Arabic-P,U)
جُهور ةً حره اَ (C,O,Arabic,U)
TUR (C,O,ISO3L)
TR (C,O,ISO2L)
ISO792 (C,O,ISO3N)
TU00 (C,O,FIPS)
Turkish (C,O,English,U,A)
Tourkía (C,V)
TU (C,V,Turkish,U)
תורכיה (C,U,Hebrew )
An Tuirc (C,U,Irish Gaelic)
An Tuirc (Scots Gaelic)
Durka (C,U,Northern Sami)
estroict de Sibyle (C,U,French)
i-Turkey (C,U,Zulu)
Orílẹ́ède Tọọki (C,U,Yoruba)
Thekhi (C,U,North Ndebele)
Thổ Nhĩ Kỳ (C,U,Vietnamese)
Tierkei (C,U,Luxembourgish)
Tiliki (C,U,Lingala)
Tirchia (C,U,Romansh)
Tırkiya (C,U,Dimli)
Tirkiye (C,U,Kurdish)
Tɛɛki (C,U,Akan)
Tɛki nutome (C,U,Ewe)
Toake (C,U,Tonga (Tonga Islands))
Torkia (C,U,Malagasy)
Törkie (C,U,Low German)
Törkieë (C,U,Limburgan)
Törökország (C,U,Magyar (Hungarian))
Ttake (C,U,Ganda (Ugandan language))
Tuluki (C,U,Luba-Katanga)
Turchìa (C,U,Sicilian)
Turcia (C,U,Romanian)
Turcia (Latin)
Turcija (C,U,Latvian)
Turčija (C,U,Slovene)
Turcja (C,U,Polish)
Turecko (C,U,Slovak)
Turecko (Czech)
Türgi (C,U,Estonian)
Turiki (C,U,Bambara)
Turkaland (C,U,Faroese)
Türkän (C,U,Volapük)
Turki (C,U,Somali)
Turki (Indonesian)
Turki (Malay (macrolanguage))
Turki (Cornish)
Turkia (C,U,Basque)
Turkia (Breton)
Turkia (Ido)
Turkie (C,U,Pennsylvania German)
Turkiet (C,U,Swedish)
Turkiga (C,U,Somali)
Turkii (C,U,Fulah)
Turkija (C,U,Maltese)
Turkija (Lithuanian)
Turkio (C,U,Esperanto)
Turkiya (C,U,Pampanga)
Turkiya (Quechuan)
Turkiya (Uzbek)
Turkiya (Tagalog)
Türkiyə (C,U,Azerbaijani)
Türkiya (C,U,Azerbaijani)
Türkiýe (C,U,Turkmen)
Turkiyya (C,U,Hausa)
Turkki (C,U,Finnish)
Turkowska (C,U,Upper Sorbian)
Turkujo (C,U,Esperanto)
Turkya (C,U,Quechuan)
Turkye (C,U,Afrikaans)
Turqi (C,U,Albanian)
Turqia (C,U,Albanian)
Turquía - Türkiye (C,U,Galician)
Turska (C,U,Bosnian)
Turska (Croatian)
Turukïi (C,U,Sangho)
Turukiya (C,U,Rundi)
Twrci (C,U,Welsh)
Tyrkia (C,U,Norwegian)
Tyrkia (Greenlandic)
Tyrkia (Norwegian (Bokmål))
Tyrkia (Norwegian (Nynorsk))
Tyrkiet (C,U,Danish)
Tyrkland (C,U,Icelandic)
Tyrk Nunaat (C,U,Greenlandic)
Uturuki (C,U,Kikuyu)
Uturuki (Swahili (generic))
Welschhinkel (C,U,Pennsylvania German)
துருக்கி (C,U,Tamil)
Турци (C,U,Chuvash)
Турција (C,U,Macedonian)
თურქეთი (C,U,Georgian)
ܛܘܪܩܝܐ (C,U,Official Aramaic (700-300 BCE))
Τουρκία (C,U,Greek)
Туреччина (C,U,Ukrainian)
טורקיה (C,U,Hebrew )
ຕຸນກີ (C,U,Lao)
Түркия (C,U,Kazakh)
তুরস্ক (C,U,Bengali)
तुर्की (C,U,Sanskrit)
तुर्की (Hindi)
तुर्की (Marathi)
تورکیا (C,U,Central Kurdish)
Թուրքիա (C,U,Armenian)
Турцыя (C,U,Belorussian)
तुर्किये (C,U,Kashmiri)
טערקיי (C,U,Yiddish)
Турк (C,U,Ossetian/Ossetic)
ตุรกี (C,U,Thai)
トルコ (C,U,Japanese)
Турска (C,U,Serbian)
ترکی (C,U,Urdu)
તુર્કસ્તાન (C,U,Gujarati)
ترکیه (C,U,Persian-Farsi)
Төркия (C,U,Tatar)
ទួរគី (C,U,Khmer)
ቱርክ (C,U,Tigrinya)
ቱርክ (Amharic)
터키 (C,U,Korean)
تركيا (C,U,Arabic)
ประเทศตุรกี (C,U,Thai)
تۈركىيە جۇمھۇرىيىتى (C,U,Uyghur)
ତୁର୍କୀ (C,U,Oriya)
තුර්කිය (C,U,Sinhala)
ಟರ್ಕಿ (C,U,Kannada)
टर्की (C,U,Nepali)
တူရကီ (C,U,Burmese)
トルコ共和国 (C,U,Japanese)
തുര്‍ക്കി (C,U,Malayalam)
ཏུརཀི། (C,U,Tibetan)
టర్కీ (C,U,Telugu)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Türkiye (nation)  ........  Türkiye (nation) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Middle East (general region)  ....  Middle East (general region) (P)
Hierarchy of Türkiye (nation)  ........  Türkiye (nation)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Achaemenid Empire (former nation/state/empire)  ........  Achaemenid Empire (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Türkiye (nation)  ............  Türkiye (nation)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Western Asia (area)  ........  Western Asia (area) (P,U)
Hierarchy of Türkiye (nation)  ............  Türkiye (nation) (P)

Place Types:
nation (preferred, C)  ............  as small state, after WW I; with present boundaries, from 1923
primary political unit (C)
independent sovereign nation (C)
republic (C)  ............  established October 1923
sultanate (H)  ............  sultan deposed November 1, 1922
independent political entity (C)

Related geographic places:
capital is ....  Ankara .......... (inhabited place)
..................  (World, Asia, Türkiye, Ankara) [7002349]
historical connection ....  Odrysian Kingdom .......... (former nation/state/empire)
........................................  (World) [8711705]
member of ....  North Atlantic Treaty Organization .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029610]
................  became a member in 1952
member of ....  United Nations .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029605]
................  joined organization in 1945

Sources and Contributors:
Турция..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
Турецкая Республика..........  [VP]
...................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
土耳其..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
...........  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
土耳其共和国..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
حره اَ..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
جُهور ةً حره اَ..........  [VP]
.............................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
תורכיה..........  [IMJ, VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
.................  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
துருக்கி..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Турци..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Турција..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
თურქეთი..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
ܛܘܪܩܝܐ..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Τουρκία..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Туреччина..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
טורקיה..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
ຕຸນກີ..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Түркия..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
তুরস্ক..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
तुर्की..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
تورکیا..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Թուրքիա..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Турцыя..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
तुर्किये..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
טערקיי..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Турк..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
ตุรกี..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
トルコ..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Турска..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
ترکی..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
તુર્કસ્તાન..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
ترکیه..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Төркия..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
ទួរគី..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
ቱርክ..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
터키..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
تركيا..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
ประเทศตุรกี..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
تۈركىيە جۇمھۇرىيىتى..........  [VP]
...................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
ତୁର୍କୀ..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
තුර්කිය..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
ಟರ್ಕಿ..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
टर्की..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
တူရကီ..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
トルコ共和国..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
തുര്‍ക്കി..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
ཏུརཀི།..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
టర్కీ..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
An Tuirc..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Durka..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
estroict de Sibyle..........  [VP]
...................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
ISO792..........  [VP]
.................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 21
i-Turkey..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Orílẹ́ède Tọọki..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
República de Turquía..........  [VP]
...................................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 30 July 2009
Republic of Turkey..........  [VP]
...................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
...................................  ISO Handbook (1988) 772
...................................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
...................................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
République turque..........  [VP]
................................  ISO Handbook (1988) 784
Thekhi..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Thổ Nhĩ Kỳ..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Tierkei..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Tiliki..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Tirchia..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Tırkiya..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Tirkiye..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Tɛɛki..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Tɛki nutome..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Toake..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Torkia..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Törkie..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Törkieë..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Törökország..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Tourkía..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
TR..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Country Codes (1996) 21
Ttake..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
TU..........  [VP]
...........  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
TU00..........  [VP]
...........  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) 87
Tuluki..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
TUR..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Handbook (1988) 772
Turchia..........  [VP]
.................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 545
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Turchìa..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Turcia..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Turcija..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Turčija..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Turcja..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Turecko..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Türgi..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Turiki..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Turkaland..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Türkän..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Turkanmua..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Türkei..........  [VP]
.................  Cassell's German Dictionary (1982) 1515
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Turkey..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, IMJ Preferred, VP]
.................  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 717
.................  Cambridge Encyclopedia (1990)
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 53 & II, 953
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Embassy of Turkey (1995)
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XII, 56 ff.
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
.................  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
.................  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1985) plates 36-37
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 84
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1236-1237
Turkey, Republic of..........  [VP]
...................................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Turki..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Turkia..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Turkie..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Turkiet..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Turkiga..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Turkii..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Turkija..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Turkije..........  [VP]
.................  Engels Woordenboek (1987) II, 794
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Turkio..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Turkish..........  [VP]
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 37
Turkiya..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Türkiyə..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Türkiya..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Türkiye..........  [FDA, VP Preferred]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 30 July 2009
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1237
Türkiýe..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Türkiye Cumhuriyeti..........  [VP]
...................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 733
...................................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 664-667
...................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
...................................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
...................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
Turkiyya..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Turkki..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Turkowska..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Turkujo..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Turkya..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Turkye..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Turqi..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Turqia..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Turquía..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 84
Turquia..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1989) 344
Turquía - Türkiye..........  [VP]
................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Turquie..........  [BHA, VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 84
.................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 30 July 2009
Turska..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Turtchie..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Turtsii..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Turukïi..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Turukiya..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Twrci..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Tyrkia..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Tyrkiet..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Tyrkland..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Tyrk Nunaat..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Uturuki..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Welschhinkel..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, IMJ, VP]
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 717
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 733
..................  Cambridge Encyclopedia (1990)
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 664-667
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 53 & II, 953
..................  Cassell's German Dictionary (1982) 1515
..................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 545
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Embassy of Turkey (1995)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XII, 56 ff.
..................  Engels Woordenboek (1987) II, 794
..................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 298795
..................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 21
..................  ISO Handbook (1988) 772; 784
..................  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
..................  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -773831
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) 87
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1989) 344
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1985) plates 36-37
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 84
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 37
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1236-1237; 1237
..................  Wikipedia (2000-) https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%A2%D1%83%D1%80%D1%86%D0%B8%D1%8F
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1985)

 

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The J. Paul Getty Trust