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ID: 1000156
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/1000156

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Chad (nation)  Chad (nation)

Coordinates:
Lat: 15 00 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 15.0000  decimal degrees
Long: 019 00 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 19.0000  decimal degrees

Note: The area has been occupied in the north since Neolithic times. It was home to Nilo-Saharan populations from 3000 BCE. Berber migrations occurredin the 8th century CE. Several powerful kingdoms flourished from the 9th-19th centuries. The French arrived in 1891, and the region was made part of French Equatorial Africa in 1910, then later a separate colony. The official languages are French and Arabic, though many African languages are also spoken.

Names:
Tchād (preferred,C,V,Arabic (transliterated)-P,U,N)
Jumhūriyyat Tshād (C,V,O,Arabic (transliterated),U)
Tchad (C,V,Haitian (Haitian Creole))
Tchad (Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association))
Tchad (French-P,U,N)
Tchad (Vietnamese)
Tchad (Swedish)
Tchad (Walloon)
Tchad (Breton)
Tchad (Danish)
Tchad (Norwegian (Nynorsk))
République du Tchad (C,V,French,U,N)
Tshad (C,V)
Jumhūrīyah Tshad (C,V,Arabic (transliterated),U,N)
Chad (C,O,English-P,U,N)
Chad (Greenlandic)
Chad (Nauruan)
Chad (Scots Gaelic)
Chad (Swahili (generic))
Chad (Welsh)
Chad (Scots)
Chad (Galician)
Chad (Anglo-Saxon)
Chad (Tagalog)
Chad (Aragonese)
Chad (Pampanga)
Chad (Occitan)
Chad (Asturian)
Chad (Indonesian)
Chad (Malay (macrolanguage))
Chad (Cornish)
Chad (Javanese)
Chad (Ido)
Chad (Spanish-P,U,N)
Republic of Chad (C,O,English)
Republic of Chad ()
República del Chad (C,O,Spanish,U)
Tsjaad (C,O)
Tsjaad (Dutch)
Tsjaad (Afrikaans)
Tschad (C,O,Romansh)
Tschad ()
Tschad (German)
Tschad (Low German)
جضَْاد (C,V,Arabic-P,U)
جُْهمورِ ةًَ جضَْاد (C,V,O,Arabic,U)
Чад (C,O,Russian-P,U)
Чад (Belorussian)
Чад (Serbian)
Чад (Ukrainian)
Чад (Tajik)
Чад (Bulgarian)
Чад (Macedonian)
Республика Чад (C,O,Russian,U)
乍得 (C,O,Chinese-P,U)
乍得共和国 (C,O,Chinese,U)
TCD (C,O,ISO3L)
TD (C,O,ISO2L)
ISO148 (C,O,ISO3N)
CD00 (C,O,FIPS)
Chadian (C,O,English,U,A)
צ'אד (C,U,Hebrew )
Caad (C,U,Fulah)
Caadi (C,U,Ganda (Ugandan language))
Čad (C,U,Czech)
Čad (Croatian)
Čad (Slovak)
Čad (Bosnian)
Čad (Slovene)
Çad (C,U,Kurdish)
Çad (Albanian)
Çad (Azerbaijani)
Çad (Turkish)
Cad (C,U,Malay (macrolanguage))
Ċad (C,U,Maltese)
Čada (C,U,Latvian)
Čadas (C,U,Lithuanian)
Çadi (C,U,Albanian)
Cadi (C,U,Rundi)
Cadi (Hausa)
Cadi (Bambara)
Ĉado (C,U,Esperanto)
Chade (C,U,Portuguese)
Chadi (C,U,Shona)
Chadi (North Ndebele)
Chadi (Swahili (generic))
Chadi (Kikuyu)
Chad - Tchad (C,U,Galician)
Ciad (C,U,Italian)
Ciad (Romanian)
Ciad (Sicilian)
Cjad (C,U,Lombard)
Csád (C,U,Magyar (Hungarian))
Czad (C,U,Polish)
i-Chad (C,U,Zulu)
Jaad (C,U,Somali)
Kjad (C,U,Faroese)
Kyad (C,U,Akan)
Orílẹ́ède ṣààdì (C,U,Yoruba)
Sát (C,U,Vietnamese)
Sát (Chad) (C,U,Vietnamese)
Sead (C,U,Irish Gaelic)
Seti (C,U,Tonga (Tonga Islands))
Tasadi (C,U,Kongo (Congo))
Tčad (C,U,Northern Sami)
Tch·ad (C,U,Arpitan)
Tiaad (C,U,Estonian)
Tjadän (C,U,Volapük)
Tšaad (C,U,Estonian)
Tsad (C,U,Finnish)
Tšad (C,U,Finnish)
Tsádi (C,U,Lingala)
Tsad nutome (C,U,Ewe)
Tsady (C,U,Malagasy)
Tshadi (C,U,Luba-Katanga)
Tsjad (C,U,Norwegian)
Tsjad (Icelandic)
Tsjad (Norwegian (Nynorsk))
Tsjad (Norwegian (Bokmål))
Txad (C,U,Catalan)
Txad (Basque)
Tyâde (C,U,Sangho)
Tzadia (C,U,Latin)
차드 (C,U,Korean)
चाड (C,U,Nepali)
चाड (Marathi)
चाड (Hindi)
ຊາດ (C,U,Lao)
ჩადი (C,U,Georgian)
چاد (C,U,Persian-Farsi)
چاد (Uyghur)
چاد (Kurdish)
تشاد (C,U,Arabic)
Չադ (C,U,Armenian)
சாட் (C,U,Tamil)
Τσαντ (C,U,Greek)
ឆាដ (C,U,Khmer)
ቻድ (C,U,Amharic)
ቻድ (Tigrinya)
צ׳אד (C,U,Hebrew )
สาธารณรัฐชาด (C,U,Thai)
চাদ (C,U,Bengali)
چاډ (C,U,Pashto)
ชาด (C,U,Thai)
チャド (C,U,Japanese)
ประเทศชาด (C,U,Thai)
চ্যাড (C,U,Bengali)
ཅཻཌ། (C,U,Tibetan)
चड (C,U,Hindi)
チャド共和国 (C,U,Japanese)
챠드 (C,U,Korean)
ချဒ် (C,U,Burmese)
ಚಾಡ್ (C,U,Kannada)
చాద్ (C,U,Telugu)
Республіка Чад (C,U,Ukrainian)
چاڈ (C,U,Urdu)
ચાડ (C,U,Gujarati)
ଚାଦ୍ (C,U,Oriya)
ചാഡ് (C,U,Malayalam)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Africa (continent)  ....  Africa (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Chad (nation)  ........  Chad (nation) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Africa (continent)  ....  Africa (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Central Africa (general region)  ........  Central Africa (general region) (P)
Hierarchy of Chad (nation)  ............  Chad (nation) (P)

Place Types:
nation (preferred, C)  ............  gained independence 1960
primary political unit (C)
independent sovereign nation (C)
republic (C)  ............  first, in French Community 1958
controlled region (H)  ............  French, 1891-1960
overseas territory (H)  ............  French, 1946-1958
colony (H)  ............  French, 1920-1946
independent political entity (C)

Related geographic places:
capital is ....  N'Djamena .......... (inhabited place)
..................  (World, Africa, Chad, Ville de N’Djamena) [7000416]
historical connection ....  Bagirmi, Kingdom of .......... (former nation/state/empire)
........................................  (World, Africa) [6000570]
historical connection ....  Kotoko Kingdom .......... (former nation/state/empire)
........................................  (World, Africa) [8711694]
member of ....  United Nations .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029605]
................  joined organization in 1960

Sources and Contributors:
جضَْاد..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 22 July 2013
جُْهمورِ ةًَ جضَْاد..........  [VP]
...................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 22 July 2013
Чад..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
...........  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 22 July 2013
Республика Чад..........  [VP]
.............................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 22 July 2013
乍得..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
...........  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 22 July 2013
乍得共和国..........  [VP]
..............  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 22 July 2013
צ'אד..........  [IMJ, VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
...........  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
차드..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
चाड..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
ຊາດ..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
ჩადი..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
چاد..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
تشاد..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Չադ..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
சாட்..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Τσαντ..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
ឆាដ..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
ቻድ..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
צ׳אד..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
สาธารณรัฐชาด..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
চাদ..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
چاډ..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
ชาด..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
チャド..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
ประเทศชาด..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
চ্যাড..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
ཅཻཌ།..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
चड..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
チャド共和国..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
챠드..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
ချဒ်..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
ಚಾಡ್..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
చాద్..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Республіка Чад..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
چاڈ..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
ચાડ..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
ଚାଦ୍..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
ചാഡ്..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Caad..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Caadi..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Čad..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Çad..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Cad..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Ċad..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Čada..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Čadas..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Çadi..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Cadi..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Ĉado..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
CD00..........  [VP]
...........  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) accessed 01/20/99
Chad..........  [BHA, IMJ Preferred, VP]
...........  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 572
...........  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 124
...........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) III, 50 ff.
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
...........  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
...........  Times Atlas of the World (1985) plate 90
...........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 239
Chade..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Chadi..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Chadian..........  [VP]
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 8
Chad - Tchad..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Ciad..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Cjad..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Colonie du Chad..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Csád..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Czad..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
i-Chad..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
ISO148..........  [VP]
.................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 13
Jaad..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Jumhūrīyah Tshad..........  [VP]
.............................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 582
Jumhūriyyat Tshād..........  [VP]
................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 22 July 2013
Kjad..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Kyad..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Orílẹ́ède ṣààdì..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
República del Chad..........  [VP]
...................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 22 July 2013
Republic of Chad..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
.............................  ISO Handbook (1988) 764
.............................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
République du Tchad..........  [VP]
...................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
...................................  ISO Handbook (1988) 784
...................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 22 July 2013
Sát..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Sát (Chad)..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Sead..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Seti..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Tasadi..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Tčad..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
TCD..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Handbook (1988) 764
Tchad..........  [VP Preferred]
..............  CIA, World Fact Book (1995)
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
..............  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 44
Tchād..........  [VP]
..............  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 11 June 2009
Tch·ad..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
TD..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Country Codes (1996) 13
Territoire du Tchad..........  [VP]
...................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Tiaad..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Tjadän..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Tšaad..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Tsad..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Tšad..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Tsádi..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Tsad nutome..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Tsady..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Tschad..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) 320
Tshad..........  [VP]
..............  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 582
Tshadi..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Tsjaad..........  [VP]
.................  Engels Woordenboek (1987) II, 793
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Tsjad..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Txad..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Tyâde..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Tzadia..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
Subject: .....  [BHA, IMJ, VP]
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 572
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 582
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 124
..................  CIA, World Fact Book (1995)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) III, 50 ff.
..................  Engels Woordenboek (1987) II, 793
..................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 2434508
..................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 13
..................  ISO Handbook (1988) 764; 784
..................  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) accessed 01/20/99
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) 320
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1985) plate 90
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 44
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 8
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 239
..................  Wikipedia (2000-) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chad
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]

 

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