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ID: 7011550
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7011550

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Bilhorod-Dnistrovs'kyy (inhabited place)  Bilhorod-Dnistrovs'kyy (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 46 12 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 46.2000  decimal degrees
Long: 030 21 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 30.3500  decimal degrees

Elevation:
91.863  feet    28.0000  meters

Note: Modern town on an ancient site, located on right bank of Dniester estuary; Greeks founded colony here; minted own coins from 4th cen. BCE; destroyed by Getae in 1st cen. BCE; recovered, but destroyed by Goths in 240 CE; taken by Ottomans in 15th cen.; Russian from 1826; damaged in WW II.

Names:
Bilhorod-Dnistrovs'kyy (preferred,C,V)
Belgorod-Dnestrovskij (C,V)
Belgorod-Dnestrovskiy (C,V)
Belgorod-Dnestrovsky (C,V)  ............ modern name was established in 1946 after Russia recaptured the city from Germany
Belgorod Dnestrovskii (C,V)
Cetatea Albă (C,V,Romanian,U)
Akkerman (H,V)  ............ Turkish name
Turla (H,V,Turkish,U)
Moncastro (C,V,Italian,U)
Cetatea Alba (H,V)  ............ Roman name
Cetatea-Alba (H,V)
Album Castrum (C,V,Latin,U)
Tyras (H,V)  ............ ancient Greek name
Τύρας (H,V,Greek,U)
Ophiusa (H,V)
Οφιούσα (C,V,Phoenician,U)
Maurokastron (C,V,Greek,U)
Μαυρόκαστρον (C,V,Greek,U)
Asprokastron (C,V,Greek (transliterated),U)
Ἀσπρόκαστρον (C,V,Greek,U)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Ukraine (nation)  ........  Ukraine (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Odes'ka Oblast' (oblast)  ............  Odes'ka Oblast' (oblast) (P)
Hierarchy of Bilhorod-Dnistrovs'kyy (inhabited place)  ................  Bilhorod-Dnistrovs'kyy (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  colonized by Greeks from Miletus in 7th or 6th cen. BCE
city (C)
port (C)
shipping center (C)
trade center (C)  ............  has major trade in salt, fish, wool, tallow & wine
archaeological site (C)  ............  some ancient remains have been found beneath thick medieval strata
Ancient Greek (H)

Sources and Contributors:
Οφιούσα..........  [VP]
.................  Archaeology Magazine [online] (2000-)
Τύρας..........  [VP]
..............  Archaeology Magazine [online] (2000-)
Ἀσπρόκαστρον..........  [VP]
.......................  Archaeology Magazine [online] (2000-)
Μαυρόκαστρον..........  [VP]
.......................  Archaeology Magazine [online] (2000-)
Akkerman..........  [VP]
.................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 335
Album Castrum..........  [VP]
..........................  Archaeology Magazine [online] (2000-)
Asprokastron..........  [VP]
.......................  Archaeology Magazine [online] (2000-)
Belgorod Dnestrovskii..........  [VP]
......................................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979) 943
Belgorod-Dnestrovskij..........  [VP]
......................................  Rand McNally Atlas (1989) I-17
Belgorod-Dnestrovskiy..........  [VP]
......................................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Belgorod-Dnestrovsky..........  [VP]
...................................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 91
Bilhorod-Dnistrovs'kyy..........  [VP Preferred]
.........................................  Archaeology Magazine [online] (2000-)
.........................................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
.........................................  Russia, National Geographic (1993) map supplement
Cetatea Albă..........  [VP]
.......................  Archaeology Magazine [online] (2000-)
Cetatea Alba..........  [VP]
.......................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 340
Cetatea-Alba..........  [VP]
.......................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 340
Maurokastron..........  [VP]
.......................  Archaeology Magazine [online] (2000-)
Moncastro..........  [VP]
....................  Archaeology Magazine [online] (2000-)
Ophiusa..........  [VP]
.................  Archaeology Magazine [online] (2000-)
Turla..........  [VP]
..............  Archaeology Magazine [online] (2000-)
Tyras..........  [VP]
..............  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 91
..............  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979) 943
Subject: .....  [VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 91; II, 91
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979) 943
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1989) I-17
..................  Russia, National Geographic (1993) map supplement
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 335; 340
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Canby, Historic Places (1984)

 

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