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ID: 7004658
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7004658

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Pompeii (deserted settlement)  Pompeii (deserted settlement)

Coordinates:
Lat: 40 45 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 40.7500  decimal degrees
Long: 014 29 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 14.4833  decimal degrees

Note: Located SE of Naples at foot of Mount Vesuvius; possibly founded by the Oscans in 6th century BCE; ruled by Samnites, then taken by Rome ca. 80 BCE; was prosperous city and resort; damaged by earthquake in 63 CE, rebuilt; destroyed by eruption of Vesuvius in 79 CE; one of three sites grouped together in an UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997 and noted for their well-preserved remains due to ash covering. Located about 15 miles southeast of Napoli; ancient Roman settlement destroyed in 79 CE by the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius; well-preserved ruins due to the ash covering were discovered during the 18th century; one of three sites grouped together in an UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997.

Names:
Pompeii (preferred,C,V,LC,O)
Pompei (C,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Italy (nation)  ........  Italy (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Campania (region (administrative division))  ............  Campania (region (administrative division)) (P)
Hierarchy of Napoli (province)  ................  Napoli (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Pompeii (deserted settlement)  ....................  Pompeii (deserted settlement) (P)

Place Types:
deserted settlement (preferred, C)  ............  founded in 6th cen. BC, destroyed & covered with volcanic ash in AD 79
archaeological site (C)  ............  ruins were discovered in 1748; human bodies, streets, sidewalks, houses, temples & public buildings have been excavated
city (H)  ............  during ancient Roman period
resort (H)
inhabited place (H)
World Heritage Site (C)  ............  from 1997
ancient site (C)

Related geographic places:
near/adjacent to ....  Torre Annunziata .......... (inhabited place)
..............................  (World, Europe, Italy, Campania, Napoli province) [7008405]

Sources and Contributors:
Pompei..........  [BHA, VP]
.................  Annuario Generale (1980)
.................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2004-2008) accessed 14 February 2007
.................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 20 July 2010
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
Pompeii..........  [GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 745
.................  Library of Congress Subject Headings (2002-) 85104771, accessed 20 July 201085104771, accessed 20 July 2010
.................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 20 July 2010
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
.................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979)
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Annuario Generale (1980)
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 745
..................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2004-2008) accessed 14 February 2007
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -125274
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979)
..................  UNESCO World Heritage Centre [online] (1992-) accessed 20 July 2010
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  UNESCO World Heritage Centre [online] (1992-) accessed 20 july 2010; accessed 20 July 2010

 

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