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ID: 7002626
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7002626

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Babylon (deserted settlement)  Babylon (deserted settlement)

Coordinates:
Lat: 32 33 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 32.5500  decimal degrees
Long: 044 24 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 44.4000  decimal degrees

Note: Was a thriving ancient center on the Euphrates river. It was the capital of the empire of Hammurabi by the 18th century BCE; it was taken by Assyria in 690 BCE. It flourished under Nebuchadnezzar in the 6th century BCE; taken by Cyrus the Great in 538 BCE and by Alexander in 331 BCE. The city declined in the 3rd century BCE. Noted for the Ishtar Gate and the Hanging Gardens, which were one of Seven Wonders of the Ancient World and believed to be the source for the legendary Biblical Tower of Babel.

Names:
Babylon (preferred,C,O,display,English-P,U,N)  ............ Greek name of the city, from Babylonian "bab-ili"
Babylon (Greek (transliterated),U,N)
Babylonia (C,O)
Babylone (C,O,French-P,U,N)
Babilonia (C,O)
Babil (C,O)
Tell Babil (C,O)
Bab-ili (C,V,Semitic language,U,N)  ............ from Babylonian cuneiform script, meaning in Semitic "the gate of god"
Babel (C,V)
Babhel (C,V)
Babylonian (C,O,English,U,A)
ابل‎, (C,V,Arabic,U)
Bābil (C,V,Arabic (transliterated),U)
Bābili (C,V)
Βαβυλών (C,V,Greek,U)
בָּבֶל (C,V,Hebrew ,U)
Babilu (H,V)
Ka-Dingir-Ra (H,V)
Din-tir (H,V)  ............ Sumerian ideograph name, meaning "life of the forest"
Kading'irra (H,V)  ............ another Sumerian form of the name, meaning "gate of god"
Su-anna (H,V)  ............ of uncertain origin
Uru-azagga (H,V)  ............ meaning "the holy city"

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Iraq (nation)  ........  Iraq (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Bābil (governorate)  ............  Bābil (governorate) (P)
Hierarchy of Babylon (deserted settlement)  ................  Babylon (deserted settlement) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Iraq (nation)  ........  Iraq (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Babylonia (former nation/state/empire)  ............  Babylonia (former nation/state/empire) (P)
Hierarchy of Babylon (deserted settlement)  ................  Babylon (deserted settlement) (P)

Place Types:
deserted settlement (preferred, C)  ............  was important center by 3000 BC; residents were removed to newly-founded capital Seleucia in 275 BCE
archaeological site (C)  ............  since 19th century
inhabited place (H)
capital (H)  ............  of Babylonian Empire of Hammurabi of the Amorites, 1700 BC; of Neo-Babylonian Empire of Nabopolassar of Chaldea, 626 BCE
commercial center (H)
administrative center (H)
Mesopotamian (H)

Related geographic places:
capital of ....  Babylonia .......... (former nation/state/empire)
..................  (World, Asia, Iraq) [7593899]
located on ....  Persian Royal Road .......... (road)
..................  (World, Asia) [8711714]
near/adjacent to ....  Al-Ḥillah .......... (inhabited place)
..............................  (World, Asia, Iraq, Bābil) [1079385]

Sources and Contributors:
ابل‎,..........  [VP]
..............  Archaeology Magazine [online] (2000-)
Βαβυλών..........  [VP]
.................  Archaeology Magazine [online] (2000-)
בָּבֶל..........  [VP]
.................  Archaeology Magazine [online] (2000-)
Babel..........  [VP]
..............  Bible Encyclopedia [online] (2002) Accessed 01/30/2002
Babhel..........  [VP]
.................  Bible Encyclopedia [online] (2002) Accessed 01/30/2002.
Babil..........  [VP]
..............  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
Bab-ili..........  [VP]
.................  Bible Encyclopedia [online] (2002) Accessed 01/30/2002.
Babilonia..........  [VP]
....................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 56
Babilu..........  [VP]
.................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
Babylon..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Bible Encyclopedia [online] (2002) Accessed 01/30/2002.
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
Babylone..........  [BHA, VP]
.................  Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) 71
Babylonia..........  [VP]
....................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 69
Babylonian..........  [VP]
.......................  Oxford English Dictionary [online] (2002-) accessed 24 October 2013
Bābil..........  [VP]
..............  Archaeology Magazine [online] (2000-)
Bābili..........  [VP]
.................  Archaeology Magazine [online] (2000-)
Din-tir..........  [VP]
.................  Bible Encyclopedia [online] (2002) Accessed 01/30/2002.
Ka-Dingir-Ra..........  [VP]
.......................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
Kading'irra..........  [VP]
.......................  Bible Encyclopedia [online] (2002) Accessed 01/30/2002.
Su-anna..........  [VP]
.................  Bible Encyclopedia [online] (2002) Accessed 01/30/2002.
Tell Babil..........  [VP]
.......................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
Uru-azagga..........  [VP]
.......................  Bible Encyclopedia [online] (2002) Accessed 01/30/2002.
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
..................  Bible Encyclopedia [online] (2002) Accessed 01/30/2002; Accessed 01/30/2002.
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 69
..................  Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) 71
..................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 56
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Ehrich, Old World Archaeology (1992)
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014)

 

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