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ID: 7000529
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7000529

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Tonga (nation)  Tonga (nation)

Coordinates:
Lat: 20 00 00 S  degrees minutes   Lat: -20.0000  decimal degrees
Long: 175 00 00 W  degrees minutes   Long: -175.0000  decimal degrees

Note: Comprises over 150 islands; inhabited by Melanesians of lapita tradition 14th century BCE; dominion extended as far as Hawaii by 13th century CE; visited by Dutch in 17th century, British 18th century; civil wars 19th century; nation unified under King George Toupou I; official languages are Tongan and English, though other Polynesian languages are also spoken.

Names:
Tonga (preferred,C,V,English-P,U,N)
Tonga (Italian)
Tonga (Ganda (Ugandan language))
Tonga (Kikuyu)
Tonga (Slovak)
Tonga (Lingala)
Tonga (Afrikaans)
Tonga (Bosnian)
Tonga (Northern Sami)
Tonga (Polish)
Tonga (Breton)
Tonga (Aragonese)
Tonga (Sicilian)
Tonga (Luba-Katanga)
Tonga (Sangho)
Tonga (Slovene)
Tonga (Magyar (Hungarian))
Tonga (Arpitan)
Tonga (French-P,U,N)
Tonga (Shona)
Tonga (Akan)
Tonga (Lithuanian)
Tonga (Malay (macrolanguage))
Tonga (Irish Gaelic)
Tonga (Ido)
Tonga (German)
Tonga (Indonesian)
Tonga (Portuguese)
Tonga (Swahili (generic))
Tonga (Somali)
Tonga (Cornish)
Tonga (Scots Gaelic)
Tonga (Tongan (Tongalese)-P,U,N)
Tonga (Bambara)
Tonga (Low German)
Tonga (Spanish-P,U,N)
Tonga (Danish)
Tonga (Galician)
Tonga (Norwegian (Bokmål))
Tonga (Romanian)
Tonga (Latin)
Tonga (Tonga (Tonga Islands))
Tonga (Tagalog)
Tonga (Welsh)
Tonga (Estonian)
Tonga (Norwegian (Nynorsk))
Tonga (Limburgan)
Tonga (Albanian)
Tonga (Icelandic)
Tonga (Romansh)
Tonga (Latvian)
Tonga (Czech)
Tonga (Vietnamese)
Tonga (Esperanto)
Tonga (Greenlandic)
Tonga (Finnish)
Tonga (Maltese)
Tonga (Catalan)
Tonga (Faroese)
Tonga (Turkish)
Tonga (Dutch)
Tonga (Croatian)
Tonga (Norwegian)
Tonga (Rundi)
Tonga (Tok Pisin (Neomelanesian))
Tonga (Swedish)
Tonga (Basque)
Kingdom of Tonga (C,V,O,English,U,N)
Pule'anga Tonga (C,V,O,Tongan (Tongalese),U,N)
Pule'anga Fakatu'i 'o Tonga (C,V)
Pule 'Anga Tonga (C,V)
Tonga Islands (C,V)
Friendly Islands (C,V)
Royaume des Tonga (C,O,French,U,N)
Reino de Tonga (C,O,Spanish,U,N)
Тонга (C,O,Mongolian)
Тонга (Macedonian)
Тонга (Kazakh)
Тонга (Russian-P,U)
Тонга (Bulgarian)
Тонга (Ukrainian)
Тонга (Serbian)
Тонга (Tajik)
Королевство Тонга (C,O,Russian,U)
汤加 (C,O,Chinese-P,U)
汤加王国 (C,O,Chinese,U)
ثوهغا (C,O,Arabic-P,U)
مم ىَة ثوهغا (C,O,Arabic,U)
TON (C,O,ISO3L)
TO (C,O,ISO2L)
ISO776 (C,O,ISO3N)
TN00 (C,O,FIPS)
Tongan (C,O,English,U,A)
טונגה (C,U,Hebrew )
Bahasa Tonga (C,U,Malay (macrolanguage))
Bahasa Tonga (Indonesian)
Igitonga (C,U,Rwanda)
i-Tonga (C,U,Zulu)
Orílẹ́ède Tonga (C,U,Yoruba)
Pule‘anga Fakatu‘i ‘o Tonga (C,U,Tonga (Tonga Islands))
Tanga (C,U,Hausa)
Thonga (C,U,North Ndebele)
To’a (C,U,Tahitian)
Toga (C,U,Samoan)
Tònga (C,U,Occitan)
tonga (C,U,Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association))
Tongà (C,U,Malagasy)
Tongai (C,U,Magyar (Hungarian))
Tonganščina (C,U,Slovene)
Tonga nutome (C,U,Ewe)
Tông-ga (C,U,Vietnamese)
Tongiešu (C,U,Latvian)
Tongo (C,U,Esperanto)
Tongų (C,U,Lithuanian)
Tonguäns (C,U,Volapük)
Tonngaa (C,U,Fulah)
Tonqa (C,U,Azerbaijani)
Տոնգա (C,U,Armenian)
តុងហ្គា (C,U,Khmer)
ቶንጋ (C,U,Amharic)
ቶንጋ (Tigrinya)
تونغا (C,U,Arabic)
ตองกา (C,U,Thai)
Тонґа (C,U,Ukrainian)
ტონგა (C,U,Georgian)
통가 (C,U,Korean)
トンガ (C,U,Japanese)
Τόνγκα (C,U,Greek)
تونگا (C,U,Persian-Farsi)
تونگا (Uyghur)
東加 (C,U,Chinese)
தொங்கா (C,U,Tamil)
टोंगा (C,U,Nepali)
टोंगा (Hindi)
टोंगा (Marathi)
ټونګا (C,U,Pashto)
ประเทศตองกา (C,U,Thai)
تونجا (C,U,Arabic)
Тонгански (C,U,Macedonian)
ภาษาทองก้า (C,U,Thai)
ຕອງກາ (C,U,Lao)
ટોંગા (C,U,Gujarati)
トンガ王国 (C,U,Japanese)
ٹونگا (C,U,Urdu)
Տոնգերեն (C,U,Armenian)
ଟୋଙ୍ଗା (C,U,Oriya)
ਤੋਨ੍ਗ (C,U,Panjabi, Eastern)
டோங்கா (C,U,Tamil)
Тангійская (C,U,Belorussian)
ថុងហ្គា (C,U,Khmer)
تۆنگا (C,U,Kurdish)
টোঙ্গা (C,U,Bengali)
တွန်ဂါ (C,U,Burmese)
ടോംഗ (C,U,Malayalam)
టోంగా (C,U,Telugu)
ಟೊಂಗ (C,U,Kannada)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Oceania (continent)  ....  Oceania (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Tonga (nation)  ........  Tonga (nation) (P)

Place Types:
nation (preferred, C)  ............  gained independence June 4, 1970
primary political unit (C)
independent sovereign nation (C)
kingdom (C)  ............  in modern era, since 1845
constitutional monarchy (C)  ............  since 1875
inhabited region (C)  ............  since 14th century BCE
island nation (C)
former territory/colony/dependent state (C)
protectorate (H)  ............  British, 1900-1970
independent political entity (C)

Related geographic places:
capital is ....  Nukuʻalofa .......... (inhabited place)
..................  (World, Oceania, Tonga, Tongatapu, Tongatapu) [1099653]
member of ....  Commonwealth of Nations .......... (association)
................  (World) [7005615]
................  joined association in 1970
member of ....  United Nations .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029605]
................  joined organization in 1999

Sources and Contributors:
Тонга..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
..............  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
Королевство Тонга..........  [VP]
................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
汤加..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
...........  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
汤加王国..........  [VP]
...........  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
ثوهغا..........  [VP]
..............  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
مم ىَة ثوهغا..........  [VP]
.......................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
טונגה..........  [IMJ, VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
..............  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
Տոնգա..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
តុងហ្គា..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
ቶንጋ..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
تونغا..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
ตองกา..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
Тонґа..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
ტონგა..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
통가..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
トンガ..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
Τόνγκα..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
تونگا..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
東加..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
தொங்கா..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
टोंगा..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
ټونګا..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
ประเทศตองกา..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
تونجا..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
Тонгански..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
ภาษาทองก้า..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
ຕອງກາ..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
ટોંગા..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
トンガ王国..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
ٹونگا..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
Տոնգերեն..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
ଟୋଙ୍ଗା..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
ਤੋਨ੍ਗ..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
டோங்கா..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
Тангійская..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
ថុងហ្គា..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
تۆنگا..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
টোঙ্গা..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
တွန်ဂါ..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
ടോംഗ..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
టోంగా..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
ಟೊಂಗ..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
Bahasa Tonga..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
Friendly Islands..........  [VP]
.............................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1219
Igitonga..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
ISO776..........  [VP]
.................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 21
i-Tonga..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
Kingdom of Tonga..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
.............................  ISO Handbook (1988) 772
.............................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
.............................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
Orílẹ́ède Tonga..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
Pule'anga Fakatu'i 'o Tonga..........  [VP]
...............................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 714
...............................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 730
Pule‘anga Fakatu‘i ‘o Tonga..........  [VP]
...............................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
Pule 'Anga Tonga..........  [VP]
.............................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 940
Pule'anga Tonga..........  [VP]
.............................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 30 July 2009
.............................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
Reino de Tonga..........  [VP]
.............................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 30 July 2009
Royaume des Tonga..........  [VP]
................................  ISO Handbook (1988) 785
Tanga..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
Thonga..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
TN00..........  [VP]
...........  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) 86
TO..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Country Codes (1996) 21
To’a..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
Toga..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
TON..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Handbook (1988) 772
Tonga..........  [BHA, IMJ Preferred, VP Preferred]
..............  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 653-654
..............  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 2:940
..............  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 11: 840 ff.
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
..............  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
..............  Times Atlas of the World (1990) plate 9
..............  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 84
..............  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 30 July 2009
..............  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1219
Tònga..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
tonga..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
Tongà..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
Tongai..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
Tonga Islands..........  [VP]
..........................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1219
Tongan..........  [VP]
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 37
Tonganščina..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
Tonga nutome..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
Tông-ga..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
Tongiešu..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
Tongo..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
Tongų..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
Tonguäns..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
Tonngaa..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
Tonqa..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
Subject: .....  [BHA, IMJ, VP]
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 714
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 730
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 653-654
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 2:940; II, 940
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XI, 840 ff.; 11: 840 ff.
..................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 4032283
..................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 21
..................  ISO Handbook (1988) 772; 785
..................  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) 86
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1990) plate 9
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 84
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 37
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1219
..................  Wikipedia (2000-) https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%A2%D0%BE%D0%BD%D0%B3%D0%B0
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]

 

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