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ID: 7002589
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7002589

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Irbīl (inhabited place)  Irbīl (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 36 11 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 36.1833  decimal degrees
Long: 044 01 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 44.0167  decimal degrees

Note: One of chief cities of Assyria; site of sanctuary of Ishtar. It was a center of communication in the Assyrian Empire. The site of the defeat of Darius III by Alexander the Great. It became a Christian center in early 4th century; was superseded by Al-Mawṣil in 13th century. It's central citadel area is noted as one of the oldest continuously inhabited sites in the world.

Names:
Irbīl (preferred,C,V)
Irbil (C,V)
Arbil (C,V)
Erbil (C,V,English-P,U,N)
Arbela (H,O,Latin,U,N)  ............ ancient name, was name when the city was the capital of the kingdom of Adiabene
Arbela (Greek (transliterated),U,N)
Arba-ilu (H,V,Assyrian Neo-Aramaic,U,N)
Arbailu (H,V)
Alexandreia Mykdonikē (H,V)
Alexandreia in Mygdonia (H,V)
Urbilla (H,V)
Urbillum (H,V)
Qaṣrī (H,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Al-ʻIrāq (nation)  ........  Al-ʻIrāq (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Arbīl (governorate)  ............  Arbīl (governorate) (P)
Hierarchy of Irbīl (inhabited place)  ................  Irbīl (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  possibly settled since Sumerian times
city (C)
regional capital (C)
trade center (C)
transportation center (C)
religious center (H)
archiepiscopal see (H)  ............  during 7th cen.
capital (H)  ............  for Muzaffar ad-Dīn, brother-in-law of Saladin, 1190-1232
cultural center (C)  ............  of the Ottoman Empire
administrative center (H)  ............  of the Ottoman Empire

Sources and Contributors:
Alexandreia in Mygdonia..........  [VP]
.........................................  Pleiades (2006-) accessed 10 March 2020
Alexandreia Mykdonikē..........  [VP]
......................................  Pleiades (2006-) accessed 10 March 2020
Arbailu..........  [VP]
.................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 336
Arba-ilu..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) "Irbil," accessed 23 August 2005
Arbela..........  [VP]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 278
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) accessed 10/30/2000
Arbil..........  [VP]
..............  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 336
Erbil..........  [VP]
..............  Under the Old Neighborhood, New York Times (2005)
..............  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 375
Irbīl..........  [VP Preferred]
..............  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VI, 378
Irbil..........  [VP]
..............  Pleiades (2006-) accessed 10 March 2020
Qaṣrī..........  [VP]
..............  Pleiades (2006-) accessed 10 March 2020
Urbilla..........  [VP]
.................  Pleiades (2006-) accessed 10 March 2020
Urbillum..........  [VP]
.................  Pleiades (2006-) accessed 10 March 2020
Subject: .....  [VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 278
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VI, 378
..................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) accessed 10/30/2000
..................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) "Irbil," accessed 23 August 2005
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 336
..................  Under the Old Neighborhood, New York Times (2005)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 375
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) "Irbil," accessed 23 August 2005
..........  Under the Old Neighborhood, New York Times (2005)

 

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