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ID: 300192976
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300192976

 

Record Type: concept
chitin (organic material, <materials by composition>, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Colorless, tough, protective natural substance composed of a nitrogen containing polysaccharide. Chitin is the principal component in seashells as well as the exoskeletons of crabs, lobsters, insects, and beetles. It is also found in the cell walls of some fungi, algae, and yeasts. Chitin is inelastic, thus growing arthropods must shed their exoskeletons periodically.
 
Terms:
chitin (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,N)
甲殼素 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U)
幾丁質 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U)
jiǎ ké sù (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U)
jia ke su (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U)
chia k'o su (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U)
kitin (C,U,Danish-P,D,U,U)
chitine (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
chitine (French-P,D,U,U)
Chitin (C,U,German-P,D,U,U)
chitina (C,U,Italian-P,D,U,U)
chityna (C,U,Polish-P,D,U,U)
quitina (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)
quitina (Portuguese-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of organic material
................ organic material (G)
Hierarchy of chitin
.................... chitin (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 指稱一種堅硬且具保護性的無色自然物質,由含有多醣的氮所構成。甲殼素是構成貝類以及蟹類、蝦類、昆蟲與甲蟲等外骨骼的主要成分。甲殼素也存在於某些真菌類、藻類以及酵母的細胞壁之中。甲殼素不具彈性,因此節肢動物在生長過程中必須定期脫換外殼。 
Dutch ..... Een kleurloze substantie die deel uitmaakt van de uitwendige omhulsels en vleugels van insekten, geleedpotigen en andere ongewervelde dieren. 
Spanish ..... Sustancia incolora que forma parte del tegumento exterior y de las alas de los insectos, artrópodos y otros invertebrados. 

Sources and Contributors:
甲殼素............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 December 14, 2009
...........  朗文英漢雙解科技大辭典 289
...........  牛津當代大辭典 299
幾丁質............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 August 25, 2011
...........  基礎生命科學 475
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 August 25, 2011
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 August 25, 2011
chia k'o su............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
chitin............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................  AATA database (2002-) 121836 checked 26 January 2012
.................  Art and Archaeology Technical Abstracts (1966-2000) Vol. 2, No. 1, 237
.................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
.................  Personal Communication Carolyn Rose, Conservator, Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian, December 1991.
.................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
.................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
Chitin............  [VP]
.................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
chitina............  [VP]
.................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
chitine............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
chityna............  [VP]
.................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
jia ke su............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
jiǎ ké sù............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
kitin............  [VP]
..............  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
quitina............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
.................  Diccionario de términos científicos y técnicos (1981) 5:2272
.................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 121836 checked 26 January 2012
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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