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ID: 300400803
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300400803

 

Record Type: concept
Lantern Festival (Chinese festival) (Chinese festivals, cultural holidays, ... Events (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Festival celebrated in China and other Asian countries, and elsewhere by people of Asian descent; it marks the last day of the lunar New Year celebration, on the first full moon night of the 15th day of the first lunar month. The festival has its origin in the religious rituals of the imperial palace, dating to the Han Dynasty (206 BCE-220 CE). In time, the festival merged with other folk customs, such as lighting candles to honor Buddha or to pray for blessings on the holy birthday of Tian Guan. Customs observed in this festival symbolize family reunion and a blissful life.
 
Terms:
Lantern Festival (Chinese festival) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,U)
Yuan Xiao Festival (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
Yuanxiao Festival (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
元宵 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
元宵節 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
上元節 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
上元 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
燈節 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
燈夕 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
元夜 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
yuán xiāo (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin),UF,U,U)
yuan xiao (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones),UF,U,U)
yüan hsiao (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles),UF,U,U)
Lantaarnfeest (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  K.KM

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Activities Facet
Activities Facet
Hierarchy of Events (hierarchy name)
.... Events (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of events (activities)
........ events (activities) (G)
Hierarchy of cultural events
............ cultural events (G)
Hierarchy of holidays
................ holidays (G)
Hierarchy of cultural holidays
.................... cultural holidays (G)
Hierarchy of Chinese festivals
........................ Chinese festivals (G)
Hierarchy of Lantern Festival (Chinese festival)
............................ Lantern Festival (Chinese festival) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 於每年的第一個月圓夜,即農曆一月十五日舉行。元宵最早可溯及漢代,起源與宮中祭神有關,爾後又加入了佛教燃燈禮佛,道教慶祀天官大帝華誕點燈祈福的信仰活動,並在發展過程中逐漸與民間習俗相融合。這天人們會有吃元宵、看花燈、猜燈謎等習俗,用以象徵闔家團圓、生活美滿。另外,元宵為中國農曆年節之後的第一個重大節日,這天亦被視作為新舊年交接的句點。 
Dutch ..... Festival dat gevierd wordt in China en andere Aziatische landen, en elders door mensen van Aziatische afkomst; het is de laatste dag van de nieuwjaarsviering van de maankalender en vindt plaats met de volle maan op de vijftiende dag van de eerste maanmaand. Het komt voort uit de religieuze rituelen van het keizerlijk paleis, die teruggaan tot de Han-dynastie (206 v.Chr. tot 220 n.Chr.). Na verloop van tijd nam het festival andere volksgewoontes in zich op, zoals het aansteken van kaarsen om de Boeddha te eren of voor een zegening te bidden op de heilige verjaardag van Tian Guan. De gebruiken die op deze dag in acht worden genomen, symboliseren de hereniging van familieleden en een gelukkig leven. 

Related concepts:
associated with ....  Chinese New Year
............................  (Chinese festivals, cultural holidays, ... Events (hierarchy name)) [300400798]
context for ....  lanterns (lighting devices)
....................  (<lighting devices by form>, lighting devices, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300037647]
distinguished from ....  lantern festivals (African festivals)
..................................  (festivals, celebrations, ... Events (hierarchy name)) [300263480]

Sources and Contributors:
元宵............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred, VP]
...........  Wei, Chinese Festivals (2011) 25-28
...........  中國歳時禮俗 31-35
...........  遠東漢英大辭典 114
元宵節............  [AS-Academia Sinica, VP]
...........  Dillon, China: A Historical and Cultural Dictionary (1998)
...........  中國歳時禮俗 31-35
...........  中華傳統民俗辭典 674-675
...........  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 28 July, 2014
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版
上元節............  [AS-Academia Sinica, VP]
...........  Wei, Chinese Festivals (2011) 25-28
...........  中國歳時禮俗 31-35
...........  中華傳統民俗辭典 674-675
上元............  [AS-Academia Sinica, VP]
...........  Wei, Chinese Festivals (2011) 25
...........  中國歳時禮俗 31-35
...........  遠東漢英大辭典 20
燈節............  [AS-Academia Sinica, VP]
...........  Dillon, China: A Historical and Cultural Dictionary (1998) 323
...........  中國歳時禮俗 31-35
...........  遠東漢英大辭典 953
燈夕............  [AS-Academia Sinica, VP]
...........  中國歳時禮俗 31-35
元夜............  [AS-Academia Sinica, VP]
...........  故宮書畫典藏資料檢索系統網
Lantaarnfeest............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
..........................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
..........................  UvA Talen
Lantern Festival (Chinese festival)............  [AS-Academia Sinica, VP Preferred]
...........................................................  Davis (ed.), Encyclopedia of Contemporary Chinese Culture (2005)
...........................................................  Dillon, China: A Historical and Cultural Dictionary (1998) 323
...........................................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
...........................................................  Wei, Chinese Festivals (2011) 25-28
...........................................................  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 28 July, 2014 29 July, 2014
...........................................................  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 29 July, 2014
...........................................................  遠東漢英大辭典 20,114, 953
yüan hsiao............  [VP]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
yuan xiao............  [AS-Academia Sinica, VP]
....................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Yuanxiao Festival............  [AS-Academia Sinica, VP]
................................  Dillon, China: A Historical and Cultural Dictionary (1998) 323
................................  Wei, Chinese Festivals (2011) 25-28
Yuan Xiao Festival............  [VP]
...................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
yuán xiāo............  [AS-Academia Sinica, VP]
....................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [VP]
 
Note:
English .......... [AS-Academia Sinica, VP]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.......... Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Chinese (traditional) .......... [VP]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... UvA Talen

 

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