The GettyResearch Institute
Research Home Tools Art & Architecture Thesaurus Full Record Display
Art & Architecture Thesaurus Full Record Display
New Search Previous Page Help

Click the icon to view the hierarchy.

Semantic View (JSONRDFN3/TurtleN-Triples)

ID: 300263583
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300263583

 

Record Type: concept
caoutchouc (resin) (gum resin, <gum resin and gum resin by product>, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: The pure, milky, sticky, elastic, resinous juice obtained from various species of the tropical genera Hevea and Ficus. It coagulates on exposure to the air, becomes highly elastic, and is waterproof. Distinguished from "gutta-percha" in that caoutchouc must be heated longer to set. In the early 19th century, the name "caoutchouc" was also used for a commercial rubber-based cement in which a small amount of the elastomer was dissolved in a solvent and mixed with mastic. Today, this material is called "latex."
 
Terms:
caoutchouc (resin) (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,L,N)
caoutchouc (résine) (French-P,D,U,N)
caoutchouc (hars) (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
caout-rubber (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
生橡膠 (樹脂) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
純橡膠 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
橡膠 (樹脂) (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
shēng xiàng jiāo (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
sheng xiang jiao (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
sheng hsiang chiao (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
caucciù (C,U,Italian-P,D,U,U)
caucho (resina) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)
India rubber (caoutchouc resin) (H,U,English,UF,U,U)  ............ used especially in the 19th century

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of organic material
................ organic material (G)
Hierarchy of resin (organic material)
.................... resin (organic material) (G)
Hierarchy of <gum resin and gum resin by product>
........................ <gum resin and gum resin by product> (G)
Hierarchy of gum resin
............................ gum resin (G)
Hierarchy of caoutchouc (resin)
................................ caoutchouc (resin) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 通用於巴西的法文詞彙,用於指稱從不同品種的熱帶橡膠樹屬(Hevea)及榕屬(Ficus)中樹木上所取得的乳白色純樹脂汁,質地黏稠而富伸縮彈性。這種汁液接觸到空氣後會凝固,變得極具彈性且可防水。不同於「馬來樹膠」,生橡膠需要加熱較久才能定型。在西元十九世紀早期,「生橡膠」一詞也用於指稱以橡膠作為基材的水泥商品,此種水泥含有少量溶於溶劑後再與瑪蒂脂混合的彈性體。現今以「乳膠」一詞指稱此種材料。 
Dutch ..... Chemisch zuiver, melkachtig, kleverig sap van diverse tropische bomen en andere planten, voornamelijk van cachuchu, als volledig ruw materiaal of gedroogd boven vuur. Wordt gebruikt voor de productie van 'rubber'. 
Spanish ..... Savia pegajosa, lechosa, químicamente pura de varios árboles y plantas tropicales, en especial del cachuchu, ya sea completamente en bruto o secada sobre un fuego, utilizada para producir "caucho" o goma. 

Related concepts:
constituent of ....  latex (organic material)
..........................  (organic material, <materials by composition>, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300013021]
constituent of ....  rubber (material)
..........................  (<gum resin by product>, <gum resin and gum resin by product>, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300012941]
derived/made from ....  Ficus (genus)
................................  (Moraceae (family), Rosales (order), ... Living Organisms (hierarchy name)) [300343908]
derived/made from ....  Hevea (genus)
................................  (Euphorbiaceae (family), Malpighiales (order), ... Living Organisms (hierarchy name)) [300375630]
distinguished from ....  gutta-percha
..................................  (gum resin, <gum resin and gum resin by product>, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300211567]

Sources and Contributors:
生橡膠 (樹脂)............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 28 July, 2014 February 3, 2012
.................  智慧藏百科全書網 February 3, 2012
純橡膠............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 February 3, 2012
橡膠 (樹脂)............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  化學名詞辭典 p. 32
caoutchouc (resin)............  [GCI Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
...................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
...................................  AATA database (2002-) 121478 checked 26 January 2012
...................................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1986) 688
...................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) SEE rubber
...................................  CHIN database (1988-)
...................................  Contributed as a candidate term Candidate term -- HRHRC -- 5/96
...................................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1991) Vol. 20, 550
...................................  Random House Unabridged Dictionary (1993)
...................................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
...................................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1999)
...................................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
caout-rubber............  [VP]
.......................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
caucciù............  [VP]
.................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
caucho (resina)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
.............................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) 563
.............................  Rico y Martínez, Diccionario Técnico Akal de conservación y restauración de bienes culturales, español-alemán-inglés-italiano-francés (2003) 51
India rubber (caoutchouc resin)............  [VP]
.....................................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
.....................................................  Stoner and Rushfield, Conservation of Easel Paintings (2012)
sheng hsiang chiao............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
sheng xiang jiao............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
shēng xiàng jiāo............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 121478 checked 26 January 2012
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1999)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
.......... Van Dale groot woordenboek (1999)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

New Search

Back to Top

Printer Friendly Version

The J. Paul Getty Trust
The J. Paul Getty Trust