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ID: 300448896
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300448896

 

Record Type: concept
xīnjiān (bays (building divisions), building divisions, ... Components (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Literally “heart” or “central” “bay” (Kroll 2015, 507; 196; Steinhardt 1991, 27-50). According to the Yingzao fashi, xinjian (also called dangxinjian 當心間) refers to the central bay of a building, divided longitudinally by the two central front pillars (pingzhu 平柱) and covering the entire depth (YZFS 5.7a). Occasionally, it may also refer to the unit of space between these two pillars (YZFS 4.9a-b;5.4b). According to the Yingzao fashi, there should only be one xinjian in any given building.
 
Terms:
xīnjiān (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,B)
central bay (C,U,English,UF,U,SN)
hsin-chien (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles),UF,U,B)
xinjian (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones),UF,U,B)
心間 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,B)
心间 (C,U,Chinese (simplified),UF,U,B)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.PJ

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Components (hierarchy name)
.... Components (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of components (objects parts)
........ components (objects parts) (G)
Hierarchy of <components by specific context>
............ <components by specific context> (G)
Hierarchy of building divisions
................ building divisions (G)
Hierarchy of bays (building divisions)
.................... bays (building divisions) (G)
Hierarchy of xīnjiān
........................ xīnjiān (G,U)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 心間 (亦作當心間),在《營造法式》中指位于建築中央,以前檐中心二柱(平柱)為界,包含整個進深的基本單元 (李 2009,5.7a)。也存在僅指前檐二柱之間的情況 (李 2009, 4.9a-b;5.4b)。從 《營造法式》的語境看,一座建築物的“心間(當心間)”有且僅有一個。 

Sources and Contributors:
心間............  [ATTCAT]
...........  YZFS (2009)
心间............  [ATTCAT]
...........  YZFS (2009)
central bay............  [ATTCAT]
.......................  YZFS (2009)
hsin-chien............  [ATTCAT]
.......................  YZFS (2009)
xīnjiān............  [ATTCAT Preferred]
.................  NewKroll, Paul W. A Student’s Dictionary of Classical and Medieval Chinese. Paper. Handbook of Oriental Studies. Section 4 China ; 30. Leiden: Brill, 2015.
.................  YZFS (2009)
.................  陈明达. 《营造法式》辞解. Edited by 丁垚. 天津: 天津大学出版社, 2010.
xinjian............  [ATTCAT]
.................  YZFS (2009)
 
Subject: .....  [ATTCAT, VP]
 
Note:
English .......... [ATTCAT]
.......... AATCAT database (2018-)
.......... Kroll, Paul W. A Student’s Dictionary of Classical and Medieval Chinese. Online resource. Leiden: Brill, 2016.
.......... Steinhardt, Nancy S. “The Mizong Hall of Qinglong Si: Space, Ritual, and Classicism in Tang Architecture.” Archives of Asian Art, 1991.
.......... YZFS (2009)
.......... 梁思成. “薊縣獨樂寺觀音閣山門考.” 中國營造學社彙刊 3, no. 2 (1932): 7–99.
Chinese (traditional) .......... [ATTCAT]
.......... YZFS (2009)
.......... 梁思成. “薊縣獨樂寺觀音閣山門考.” 中國營造學社彙刊 3, no. 2 (1932): 7–99.

 

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