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ID: 300214349
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300214349

 

Record Type: concept
sanxian (<lutelike chordophones with long neck: plucked>, lutelike chordophones: plucked, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Long-necked Chinese lutelike chordophones having a small oval, rectangular, or square soundbox with the belly and back covered by snakeskin, and three silk or nylon strings tuned by three lateral pegs. They are plucked with the fingernails or a plectrum.
 
Terms:
sanxian (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
sanxian (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
hsien tse (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
san-hsien (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
san hsien (C,U,LC,English,UF,U,N)
san hsien (Spanish-P,D,U,SN)
san hsien (Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
三弦 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
sān xián (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
san xian (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.TT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Sound Devices (hierarchy name)
........ Sound Devices (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of sound devices (equipment)
............ sound devices (equipment) (G)
Hierarchy of <sound devices by acoustical characteristics>
................ <sound devices by acoustical characteristics> (G)
Hierarchy of chordophones
.................... chordophones (G)
Hierarchy of lutelike chordophones
........................ lutelike chordophones (G)
Hierarchy of lutelike chordophones: plucked
............................ lutelike chordophones: plucked (G)
Hierarchy of <lutelike chordophones with long neck: plucked>
................................ <lutelike chordophones with long neck: plucked> (G)
Hierarchy of sanxian
.................................... sanxian (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 指中國的長頸弦鳴樂器,類似魯特琴,具有橢圓形、長方形、或正方形音箱、覆有蛇皮的琴肚和琴背,以及三根絲弦或尼龍弦,以三個側弦鈕調音,利用指甲或琴撥加以彈奏。 
Dutch ..... Snaarinstrumenten met een ovale, rechthoekige of vierkante klankkast, waarvan boven- en achterblad bedekt zijn met slangenleer, lange hals, 3 snaren van zijde of nylon, 3 schroeven aan de zijkant van de hals voor het stemmen; bespeeld met de nagels of met een plectrum; China. 
Spanish ..... Cordófonos chinos de mástil largo tipo laúd, que tienen una pequeña caja acústica oval, rectangular o cuadrada, con un vientre y respaldo cubiertos con piel de serpiente, y tres cuerdas de seda o nailon afinadas por tres clavijas laterales. Se puntean con las uñas o con un plectro. 

Sources and Contributors:
三弦............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 April 25, 2012
hsien tse............  [VP]
....................  Marcuse, Musical Instruments Dictionary (1975)
san-hsien............  [VP]
....................  Sadie, New Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (1984)
san hsien............  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
....................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
....................  Marcuse, Musical Instruments Dictionary (1975)
....................  TELDAP database (2009-)
....................  Tranchefort, Los Instrumentos Musicales (1994)
sanxian............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Arnold, New Oxford Companion to Music (1983)
.................  Etnomusicologisch Centrum
.................  Personal Communication Sam Quigley, BMFA, at outside review at AAT, 2/28/92.
.................  Sadie, New Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (1984) illustration
san xian............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
sān xián............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  Etnomusicologisch Centrum
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Etnomusicologisch Centrum
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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