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ID: 300006960
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300006960

 

Record Type: concept
cairns (mounds, earthworks (engineering works), ... Built Environment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Landmarks, monuments, or memorials composed of stacks of stones, or burial places covered with stones or a large mound of earth. Usually reserved for ancient structures located in Scotland, Ireland, and Wales. For burial mounds specific to England, use "barrows." For piles of earth, generally, use "mounds"; for piles of earth used specifically over tombs, use "burial mounds."
 
Terms:
cairns (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,PN)
cairns (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
cairn (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
cairn (French-P,AD,U,MSN)
cairn (Dutch,AD,U,U)
carns (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
錐形石堆 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
石堆 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
zhuī xíng shí duī (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
zhui xing shi dui (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
chui hsing shih tui (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
pila de piedras para señal o hito (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
mojón (obra de ingeniería) (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)
mojones (obra de ingeniería) (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,PN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.RK

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Built Environment (hierarchy name)
.... Built Environment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Single Built Works (hierarchy name)
........ Single Built Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of single built works (built environment)
............ single built works (built environment) (G)
Hierarchy of <single built works by specific type>
................ <single built works by specific type> (G)
Hierarchy of <single built works by location or context>
.................... <single built works by location or context> (G)
Hierarchy of <single built works by location: topographical>
........................ <single built works by location: topographical> (G)
Hierarchy of earthworks (engineering works)
............................ earthworks (engineering works) (G)
Hierarchy of mounds
................................ mounds (G)
Hierarchy of cairns
.................................... cairns (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Built Environment (hierarchy name)
.... Built Environment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Single Built Works (hierarchy name)
........ Single Built Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of single built works (built environment)
............ single built works (built environment) (G)
Hierarchy of <single built works by specific type>
................ <single built works by specific type> (G)
Hierarchy of <single built works by function>
.................... <single built works by function> (G)
Hierarchy of ceremonial structures
........................ ceremonial structures (G)
Hierarchy of funerary structures
............................ funerary structures (G)
Hierarchy of burial mounds
................................ burial mounds (G)
Hierarchy of cairns
.................................... cairns (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 用石頭堆疊而成的地標、紀念碑、紀念物或墓地覆蓋結構。由土所堆成的隆起,一般用「土墩」一詞。至於特別堆在墓地上的土丘則用「塚丘」。 
Dutch ..... Stapels stenen die zijn opgehoopt als oriëntatiepunten, monumenten of als bedekking van grafmonumenten. Gebruik 'aardhopen' voor hopen aarde in het algemeen; gebruik 'grafheuvels' voor hopen aarde over grafmonumenten. 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  tumuli
..................................  (burial mounds, funerary structures, ... Built Environment (hierarchy name)) [300391495]
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  barrows
..................................................  (burial mounds, funerary structures, ... Built Environment (hierarchy name)) [300391494]

Sources and Contributors:
錐形石堆............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版
...........  智慧藏百科全書網
石堆............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  國立編譯館學術名詞資訊網
...........  朗文當代大辭典
cairn............  [AASLH Preferred, CHIN / RCIP Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
..............  AASLH data (2016-)
..............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
..............  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
..............  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
..............  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/487; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
..............  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 487
..............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
cairns............  [GCI Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  AATA database (2002-) 121389 checked 26 January 2012
.................  Avery Index (1963-)
.................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.................  Ehrich, ed. , Chronologies, 2d ed. reprint (1971) IND
.................  Harris, Dictionary of Architecture and Construction (1975)
.................  Harris, Historic Architecture Sourcebook (1977)
.................  Joussaume, Dolmens for the Dead (1988) 15
.................  Nomenclature 3.0 for Museum Cataloging (2010)
.................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
.................  Walton, African Village (1956) 20
.................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
.................  Winick, Dictionary of Anthropology (1956)
carns............  [VP]
..............  Avery Index (1963-)
..............  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
chui hsing shih tui............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
mojón (obra de ingeniería)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
...............................................  Diccionario de términos científicos y técnicos (1981) 5:2570
mojones (obra de ingeniería)............  [CDBP-SNPC]
...............................................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
pila de piedras para señal o hito............  [CDBP-SNPC]
........................................................  Ching, Diccionario Visual de Arquitectura (1997) 256
zhui xing shi dui............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
zhuī xíng shí duī............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
 
Subject: .....  [AASLH, AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AASLH data (2016-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 121389 checked 26 January 2012
............  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
............  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/487; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
............  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-)
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Joussaume, Dolmens for the Dead (1988)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)

 

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