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ID: 300014918
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300014918

 

Record Type: concept
shellac (spirit varnish, <varnish by composition>, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: The spirit varnish produced from lac, a resinous substance excreted by the female of the lac insect. The lac resin is placed in alcohol to produce a product that creates a smooth finish and a high polish that is tough but not completely water-repellent. Shellac is a natural thermoplastic.
 
Terms:
shellac (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,N)
shell lacca (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
shell-lacca (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
shellac varnish (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
蟲膠 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
蟲膠清漆 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
蟲漆 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
chóng jiāo (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
chong jiao (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
ch'ung chiao (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
schellak (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
gomme laque (shellac) (C,U,French-P,D,U,N)
Schellack (C,U,German-P,D,U,N)
shellakkvoks (C,U,Norwegian (Nynorsk)-P,AD,U,SN)
shellakkvoks (Norwegian (Bokmål)-P,AD,U,SN)
barniz de goma laca (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)
shell lac (H,U,English,UF,U,N)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by function>
............ <materials by function> (G)
Hierarchy of coating (material)
................ coating (material) (G)
Hierarchy of <coating by composition or origin>
.................... <coating by composition or origin> (G)
Hierarchy of varnish
........................ varnish (G)
Hierarchy of <varnish by composition>
............................ <varnish by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of spirit varnish
................................ spirit varnish (G)
Hierarchy of shellac
.................................... shellac (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of organic material
................ organic material (G)
Hierarchy of plastic (material)
.................... plastic (material) (G)
Hierarchy of <plastic by property>
........................ <plastic by property> (G)
Hierarchy of thermoplastic
............................ thermoplastic (G)
Hierarchy of shellac
................................ shellac (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 一種由紫膠製造的酒精凡尼斯,紫膠為母紫膠蟲分泌出的樹脂物質。將紫膠樹脂置於醇中,便製成一種能創造光滑表面及高度拋光效果、結實但不完全防水的產品。蟲膠具天然熱塑性。 
Dutch ..... Een spiritusvernis van hars vermengd met alcohol, die een gladde afwerking en een hoge glans oplevert. De vernis is hard maar niet volledig waterafstotend.Opmerking: Een hars afkomstig van de larve van de schildluis Laccifer lacca Kerr, voorheen Coccus laccae genoemd. Wordt voornamelijk gebruikt voor de productie van schellak (Hijszeler). 
Spanish ..... Barniz espirituoso de resina mezclado con alcohol que produce una terminación suave y un excelente pulido, aunque no enteramente repelente del agua. 

Related concepts:
derived from common source ....  lac dye (colorant)
..............................................  (<colorant for dye and pigment>, colorant (material), ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300013605]

Sources and Contributors:
蟲膠............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  國立編譯館學術名詞資訊網 November 19, 2009
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 August 31, 2011
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 August 31, 2011
...........  藝術名詞與技法辭典 p. 412
蟲膠清漆............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  國立編譯館學術名詞資訊網 November 19, 2009
蟲漆............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 August 31, 2011
...........  雄獅西洋美術辭典 p. 972
barniz de goma laca............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
...................................  Putnam y Carlson, Diccionario de Arquitectura, Construcción y Obras Públicas (1998) 61
chong jiao............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  TELDAP database (2009-)
chóng jiāo............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  TELDAP database (2009-)
ch'ung chiao............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  TELDAP database (2009-)
gomme laque (shellac)............  [CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
......................................  CHIN database (1988-)
......................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
Schellack............  [VP]
....................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
schellak............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Polytechnisch woordenboek En-Ne (1991)
.................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
shellac............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................  AATA database (2002-) 128743 checked 26 January 2012
.................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.................  Condensed Chemical Dictionary (1971)
.................  Feller et al., On Picture Varnishes, rev. ed. (1971) 121
.................  Gettens and Stout, Painting Materials (1966) 60
.................  Jewett, Glossary for Recording the Condition of an Artifact (1980s)
.................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969) 356
.................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-) accessed 5 January 2009
.................  Mills and White, Organic Chemistry of Museum Objects (1987) 101
.................  Museum Prototype Project, Medium of Objects Frequency Report (1985)
.................  Tate Gallery, Completing the Picture (1982) 14
shellac varnish............  [VP]
.............................  Putnam and Carlson, Architectural and Building Trades Dictionary (1974)
shellakkvoks............  [NASJON Preferred]
.......................  Norwegian National Museum of Art database (2021-)
shell lac............  [VP]
....................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
shell lacca............  [VP]
.......................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
shell-lacca............  [VP]
.......................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, GCI, NASJON, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 128743 checked 26 January 2012
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  Norwegian National Museum of Art database (2021-) bd062fa3-8b78-4af8-8421-365567423ce0
............  Polytechnisch woordenboek En-Ne (1991)
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 8 May 2007
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-) accessed 5 January 2009
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Polytechnisch woordenboek En-Ne (1991)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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