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ID: 300266855
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300266855

 

Record Type: concept
hei tiki (<sculpture by subject type>, sculpture (visual works), ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Small sculptures carved from green nephrite and worn as pendants by the Maori people of New Zealand. Hei tiki are fertility symbols resembling the form of a human fetus. Traditionally worn only by women, they are handed down through generations. They are more recently mass-produced in plastic as tourist souvenirs or good luck charms.
 
Terms:
hei tiki (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
hei tiki (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
hei tiki (Portuguese-P,D,L,PN)
tiki (hei tiki) (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
tiki (hei tiki) (French-P,AD,U,MSN)
hei-tiki (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
hei-tiki (Maori,UF,U,U)
hei-tiki (Portuguese,UF,U,N)
綠玉人像頸飾 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
lǜ yù rén xiàng jǐng shì (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
lü yu ren xiang jing shi (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
lü yü jen hsiang ching shih (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
Hei Tiki (C,U,German-P,D,B)
tiki (hei tiki) (C,U,Portuguese,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.VC

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)
.... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Visual Works (hierarchy name)
........ Visual Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of visual works (works)
............ visual works (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <visual works by material or technique>
................ <visual works by material or technique> (G)
Hierarchy of sculpture (visual works)
.................... sculpture (visual works) (G)
Hierarchy of <sculpture by subject type>
........................ <sculpture by subject type> (G)
Hierarchy of hei tiki
............................ hei tiki (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 以綠色軟玉刻成的小型雕刻物,紐西蘭毛利人當墜飾配戴。形狀為胎兒,象徵著豐產繁殖。通常由婦女佩戴,並做為傳家之物。近代則開始以塑膠材料大量生產,並販售給觀光客當成紀念品或幸運符。 
Dutch ..... Kleine beeldjes gesneden uit groen nefriet die de Maori's van Nieuw-Zeeland dragen als hangers. Het zijn vruchtbaarheidssymbolen met de vorm van een menselijke foetus. Traditioneel worden ze alleen gedragen door vrouwen en gaan ze over van generatie op generatie. Tegenwoordig produceert men ook kunststof hei tiki's in massa als souvenirs of talismans voor toeristen. 
German ..... Kleine aus grünem Nephrit geschnitzte Figur, die von den Maori in Neuseeland als Anhänger getragen wird. Hei Tiki ist ein Fruchtbarkeitssymbol, der in seiner Form einem menschlichen Fötus ähnelt. Traditionell wird er von Frauen getragen und von Generation zu Generation weitergegeben. Seit kürzerem wird er auch aus Plastik in Massen als Touristensouvenir oder als Glücksbringer produziert. 
Portuguese ..... Pequenas esculturas esculpidas de nefrita verde e usadas como pingente pelos povos Maori da Nova Zelândia. Hei tiki são símbolos de fertilidade que se assemelham à forma de um feto humano. Tradicionalmente usadas somente por mulheres, elas eram herdadas por gerações. Elas são mais recentemente produzidas em massa em plástico como lembranças de turismo ou como amuleto de boa sorte. 

Sources and Contributors:
綠玉人像頸飾............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
hei-tiki............  [MNM-TePapa Preferred, VP, VP-intern]
.................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008)
.................  Portuguese Translation Intern Project (2020-)
.................  Skinner, Evolution of Maori Art, Jrnl. of the Royal Anthro. Inst. of Great Britain (1916)
.................  Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand [online] (2012-)
.................  Te Papa online (2000-) "hei-tiki," accessed 15 August 2012
.................  Te Papa spreadsheet (2012)
.................  Ulhoa. A cultura material no ensino da história e da cultura afro-brasileira e africana (2018) 147
.................  Weiner, Inalienable Wealth, American Ethnologist (1985)
hei tiki............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred, VP-intern Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "hei tiki;" accessed 14 February 2008
.................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) "maori;" accessed 14 February 2008
.................  Jesus. A (re)tradicionalização dos territórios indígenas pelo turismo (2012) 122
.................  Portuguese Translation Intern Project (2020-)
.................  Ulhoa. A cultura material no ensino da história e da cultura afro-brasileira e africana (2018) 147
.................  Wells, Polynesian Objects, African Arts (1982)
Hei Tiki............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
.................  Eisenschmid et al., Neuseeland (2013) 69
.................  Stingl, Kunst der Südsee (1985) 263
.................  Thode-Arora, Tapa und Tiki (2001) 51
lü yü jen hsiang ching shih............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...............................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
lü yu ren xiang jing shi............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.........................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
lǜ yù rén xiàng jǐng shì............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.........................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
tiki (hei tiki)............  [AASLH Preferred, CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
.............................  AASLH data (2016-)
.............................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
.............................  Lucie-Smith, Thames & Hudson Dictionary of Art Terms (2004) 214
.............................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/13232; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
.............................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 13232
.............................  Skinner, Evolution of Maori Art, Jrnl. of the Royal Anthro. Inst. of Great Britain (1916)
.............................  Jesus. A (re)tradicionalização dos territórios indígenas pelo turismo (2012) 203
.............................  Portuguese Translation Intern Project (2020-)
.............................  Ulhoa. A cultura material no ensino da história e da cultura afro-brasileira e africana (2018) 147
 
Subject: .....  [AASLH, AS-Academia Sinica, CHIN / RCIP, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP, VP-intern]
............  AASLH data (2016-)
............  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
............  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
............  Grove Art Online (2003-2008)
............  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/13232; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
............  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-)
............  Portuguese Translation Intern Project (2020-)
............  Skinner, Evolution of Maori Art, Jrnl. of the Royal Anthro. Inst. of Great Britain (1916)
............  Te Papa online (2000-) "hei-tiki," accessed 15 August 2012
............  Weiner, Inalienable Wealth, American Ethnologist (1985)
............  Wells, Polynesian Objects, African Arts (1982)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.......... Grove Art Online (2003-2008)
.......... Te Papa online (2000-) hei-tiki," accessed 15 August 2012
.......... Weiner, Inalienable Wealth, American Ethnologist (1985)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin
Portuguese .......... [VP-intern]
.......... Portuguese Translation Intern Project (2020-)

 

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