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ID: 300007466
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300007466

 

Record Type: concept
churches (buildings) (religious buildings, religious structures, ... Built Environment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Buildings for public Christian worship that are distinguished historically from chapels and oratories, which are buildings that are in some respect private, or not public in the widest sense. Church architecture generally somewhat follows standard models, which vary depending upon the date, location, and characteristics of the congregation.
 
Terms:
churches (buildings) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
church (building) (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
church architecture (C,U,LC,English,UF,U,N)
church buildings (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
kirks (buildings) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)  ............ form used in Northern England and Scotland
kirkes (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
kurks (buildings) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
教堂 (建築物) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
jiāo táng (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
jiao tang (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
chiao t'ang (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
teocalli (C,U,C,Classical Nahuatl-P,UF,B)  ............ variant orthography
teopantli (C,U,Classical Nahuatl,UF,SN)  ............ variant orthography
teohcalli (C,U,Classical Nahuatl,UF,B)  ............ variant orthography
teopantin (C,U,Classical Nahuatl,UF,PN)  ............ alternate term
teupantli (C,U,Classical Nahuatl,UF,SN)  ............ variant orthography
kerken (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
kerk (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
kerkgebouwen (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
tiopan (C,U,Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl,UF,A)  ............ variant orthography, Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl
église (C,U,French-P,AD,U,FSN)
Kirchengebäude (C,U,German,D,U,U)
Kirche (Gebäude) (C,U,German-P,AD,SN)
Kirchen (Gebäude) (C,U,German,UF,PN)
Kirchenbau (C,U,German,UF,SN)
Kirchenbauten (C,U,German,UF,PN)
kirchen (Gebäude) (C,U,German,UF,U,PN)
kirche (Gebäude) (C,U,German,UF,U,SN)
kirchenbau (C,U,German,UF,U,U)
kirchenbauten (C,U,German,UF,U,U)
igrejas (edifícios) (C,U,Portuguese-P,D,U,PN)
igreja (edifício) (C,U,Portuguese,AD,U,SN)
iglesias (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
iglesia (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)
teopameh (C,U,undetermined,UF,N)
chirche (H,U,English,UF,U,N)
chiriche (H,U,English,UF,U,N)
churche (building) (H,U,English,UF,U,N)
chureche (H,U,English,UF,U,N)
circe (H,U,English,UF,U,N)
cirice (H,U,English,UF,U,N)
kirrke (H,U,English,UF,U,N)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.RK

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Built Environment (hierarchy name)
.... Built Environment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Single Built Works (hierarchy name)
........ Single Built Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of single built works (built environment)
............ single built works (built environment) (G)
Hierarchy of <single built works by specific type>
................ <single built works by specific type> (G)
Hierarchy of <single built works by function>
.................... <single built works by function> (G)
Hierarchy of ceremonial structures
........................ ceremonial structures (G)
Hierarchy of religious structures
............................ religious structures (G)
Hierarchy of religious buildings
................................ religious buildings (G)
Hierarchy of churches (buildings)
.................................... churches (buildings) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 用於進行公開基督教禮拜的建築物,歷史上不同於禮拜堂或祈禱室等建築,在廣意上教堂的某些部分屬於私人或非公開。教堂建築通常以標準格式建造,這些格式隨著年代、地點與地方教會特徵不同而有所變化。 
Dutch ..... Gebouwen voor openbare christelijke erediensten die historisch worden onderscheiden van kapellen en oratoria, dat gebouwen zijn die in enig opzicht privé, of in de ruimste zin, niet publiek, zijn. Kerkarchitectuur volgt in het algemeen standaard modellen, die variëren afhankelijk van de datum, locatie en de kenmerken van de gemeente. 
Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl ..... Huehhuei tiopan tlen campa macehualmeh quineltocah tlaneltoquilli criztiano tlen ica moihiyocatlalia tlen quiilliah capiyaz huan nopayoh motiochihuan, calmeh tlen campa tiquihtozceh axanqueh hueli calaqui. Quen mocualtlaltoc tiopan, quipiyah cequih tlatlamachihualli tlen monequi quipiyaz, huan axcencah tlen oncah ipan cequih xihuitl, canahya huan motiochihuah. Huehhuei tiopan tlen campa macehualmeh quineltocah tlaneltoquilli criztiano tlen ica moihiyocatlalia tlen quiilliah capiyaz huan nopayoh motiochihuan, calmeh tlen campa tiquihtozceh axanqueh hueli calaqui. Quen mocualtlaltoc tiopan, quipiyah cequih tlatlamachihualli tlen monequi quipiyaz, huan axcencah tlen oncah ipan cequih xihuitl, canahya huan motiochihuah. 
German ..... Gebäude für öffentlichen christlichen Gottesdienst, das historisch von Kapellen und Oratorien unterschieden wird, die in mancher Hinsicht private Gebäude oder im weitesten Sinn nicht öffentlich sind. Die Kirchenarchitektur folgt allgemein weitgehend standardisierten Bauformen, die abhängig von Zeit, Ort und Eigenschaften der Kirchengemeinde variieren können.  
Portuguese ..... Edifícios para o culto cristão público que se distinguem historicamente de capelas e oratórios, que são edifícios que são em algum aspecto privados, ou não públicos no sentido mais amplo. A arquitetura da igreja geralmente segue modelos padrão, que variam dependendo da data, localização e características da congregação. 
Spanish ..... Edificios de culto cristiano público que se distinguen históricamente de las capillas y oratorios, que son edificios que en cierto sentido son privados o no públicos en el sentido más amplio. La arquitectura de las iglesias suele seguir en cierta medida los modelos estándar, que varían según la fecha, el lugar y las características de la congregación. Edificios para el culto cristiano público que se distinguen históricamente de las capillas y oratorios, que son edificios que en cierto sentido son privados o no públicos en el sentido más amplio. La arquitectura de la iglesia generalmente sigue de alguna manera los modelos estándar, que varían según la fecha, el lugar y las características de la congregación. 

Related concepts:
locus/setting for ....  churches (institutions)
................................  (religious institutions, <institutions by activity>, ... Organizations (hierarchy name)) [300312247]
locus/setting for ....  eucharists
................................  (religious ceremonies, ceremonies, ... Events (hierarchy name)) [300264326]
locus/setting for ....  tabernacles (liturgical containers)
................................  (liturgical containers, ceremonial containers, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300207778]
provide context ....  high altars
............................  (altars (religious fixtures), <altars and altar components>, ... Components (hierarchy name)) [300003728]
provide context ....  side altars
............................  (altars (religious fixtures), <altars and altar components>, ... Components (hierarchy name)) [300395638]
used/located in ....  ecclesiastical complexes
............................  (religious complexes, <complexes by function>, ... Built Environment (hierarchy name)) [300448593]

Sources and Contributors:
教堂 (建築物)............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  大英視覺藝術百科全書 Vol. 9, 175
chiao t'ang............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
chirche............  [VP]
.................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
chiriche............  [VP]
.................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
church (building)............  [AASLH Preferred, CHIN / RCIP Preferred, GRI-FloCo, VP]
................................  AASLH data (2016-)
................................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
................................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
................................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/587; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
................................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 587
church architecture............  [VP]
...................................  Avery Index (1963-)
...................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
...................................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) sh 85025567, as separate heading from "church buildings"
...................................  Worcester Art Museum Library, List of subject headings, unpub. (1976)
church buildings............  [VP]
.............................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) new heading, bulletin 68, spring 1995
.............................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) sh 85025854
churche (building)............  [VP]
...................................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
churches (buildings)............  [GCI Preferred, GRI-FloCo Preferred, VP Preferred]
...................................  AATA database (2002-) 121891 checked 26 January 2012
...................................  Avery Index (1963-)
...................................  Canadian Thesaurus of Construction Science and Technology (1978)
...................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) former heading
...................................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
...................................  Nomenclature 3.0 for Museum Cataloging (2010)
...................................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982)
...................................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
...................................  Worcester Art Museum Library, List of subject headings, unpub. (1976)
chureche............  [VP]
.................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
circe............  [VP]
..............  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
cirice............  [VP]
.................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
église............  [AASLH, CHIN / RCIP]
.................  AASLH data (2016-)
.................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
.................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/587; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
.................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 587
iglesia............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, GRI-FloCo]
.................  Ching, Diccionario Visual de Arquitectura (1997)
.................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
.................  The Oxford- Duden Pictorial Spanish and English Dictionary (1995)
iglesias............  [CDBP-SNPC, GRI-FloCo]
.................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
.................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
igreja (edifício)............  [CVAA-BR]
................................  CVAA-BR Consortium (2020-)
igrejas (edifícios)............  [CVAA-BR Preferred]
...................................  CVAA-BR Consortium (2020-)
jiao tang............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
jiāo táng............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
kerk............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
...........  AAT-Ned (1994-)
kerken............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
kerkgebouwen............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
kirche (Gebäude)............  [IfM-SMB-PK, VP]
.............................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/655265/revisions/1207488/view
.............................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4073436-5
.............................  Staatliche Museen zu Berlin Preussischer Kulturbesitz database (2014-)
.............................  Wortschatz Universität Leipzig [online] (1998 -) Kirche, accessed 21. July 2014
Kirche (Gebäude)............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
.............................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/655265/revisions/1207488/view
.............................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4073436-5
.............................  Wortschatz Universität Leipzig [online] (1998 -) "Kirche;" "Kirche", accessed 21. July 2014
kirchen (Gebäude)............  [IfM-SMB-PK, VP]
................................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/655265/revisions/1207488/view
................................  Staatliche Museen zu Berlin Preussischer Kulturbesitz database (2014-)
Kirchen (Gebäude)............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
................................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/655265/revisions/1207488/view
kirchenbau............  [IfM-SMB-PK, VP]
.......................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
.......................  Staatliche Museen zu Berlin Preussischer Kulturbesitz database (2014-)
Kirchenbau............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/797375/revisions/1172455/view
kirchenbauten............  [IfM-SMB-PK, VP]
..........................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
..........................  Staatliche Museen zu Berlin Preussischer Kulturbesitz database (2014-)
Kirchenbauten............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
..........................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
Kirchengebäude............  [IfM-SMB-PK, VP]
.............................  Staatliche Museen zu Berlin Preussischer Kulturbesitz database (2014-)
.............................  Wortschatz Universität Leipzig [online] (1998 -) "Kirchengebäude;" "Kirchengebäude", accessed 21. July 2014
.............................  Wortschatz Universität Leipzig [online] (1998 -) Kirchengebäude, accessed 21. July 2014
kirkes............  [VP]
.................  Harris, Historic Architecture Sourcebook (1977)
kirks (buildings)............  [VP]
................................  Harris, Historic Architecture Sourcebook (1977)
................................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
kirrke............  [VP]
.................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
kurks (buildings)............  [VP]
................................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
teocalli............  [GRI-FloCo]
.................  Simeon 1992 483; 374
.................  Thouvenot 2014 91)
.................  Wimmer 2020
teohcalli............  [GRI-FloCo]
....................  Karttunen 1992 227
teopameh............  [GRI-FloCo]
.................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
teopantin............  [GRI-FloCo]
....................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
teopantli............  [GRI-FloCo]
....................  Campbell 1985 39
....................  Karttunen 1992 227
....................  Molina 1571 (2) 101r
....................  Simeon 1992 488
teupantli............  [GRI-FloCo]
....................  Carochi 1910 355
....................  Simeon 1992 488
tiopan............  [GRI-FloCo]
.................  Sullivan et al. 2016 454
 
Subject: .....  [AASLH, AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, CVAA-BR, GCI, GRI-FloCo, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AASLH data (2016-)
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 121891 checked 26 January 2012
............  Avery Index (1963-) precoor.; Churches--Round; Churches--Wooden; Churches--Octagonal; Half-timbered churches
............  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) precoor.; Churches, Mormon; Churches, Quaker; former heading; Churches, Baptist; new heading, bulletin 68, spring 1995; Anglican church buildings; Baptist church buildings; Catholic church buildings; Christian Science church buildings; Church facilities; Churches, Lutheran; Churches, reformed; Churches, Catholic; precoor,; Churches, Anglican; Churches, Mennonite; Churches, Methodist; Churches, Protestant; Churches, Presbyterian; Half-timbered churches; Congregational churches; Churches, Orthodox Eastern; Churches, Christian Science; Unitarian Universalist churches
............  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
............  CVAA-BR Consortium (2020-)
............  Getty Vocabulary Program rules vestry records
............  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
............  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/587; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
............  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-)
............  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982) precoor.; Churches: round; Churches: timber; Churches: Anglican; Churches: Adventist; Churches: Unitarian; Churches: Protestant; Churches: Universalist; Churches: Roman Catholic; Churches: Eastern, Orthodox; Churches: Latter-Day Saints; Churches: Christian Science; Churches: Jehovah's Witnesses; Churches: Protestant: Baptist; Churches: Protestant: Lutheran; Churches: Protestant: Reformed; Churches: Protestant: Mennonite; Churches: Protestant: Methodist; Churches: Protestant: Presbyterian; Churches: Protestant: Congregational; Churches: Protestant: Church of Christ
............  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990) precoor.; Coptic churches; Rococo churches; Gothic churches; Norman churches; Nubian churches; Baroque churches; Lombard churches; Armenian churches; Medieval churches; Crusader churches; Ottonian churches; Victorian churches; Mozarabic churches; Byzantine churches; Romanesque churches; Visigothic churches; Anglo-Saxon churches; Carolingian churches; Renaissance churches; Merovingian churches; Hiberno-Saxon churches; Early Christian churches; Georgian (Transcaucasia) churches
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 14 December 2009
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl .......... [GRI-FloCo]
.......... GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin
Portuguese .......... [CVAA-BR]
.......... CVAA-BR Consortium (2020-)
Spanish .......... [GRI-FloCo]
.......... GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)

 

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