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ID: 300264367
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300264367

 

Record Type: concept
Brahmo Samaj (Hinduism, religions (belief systems, cultures), ... Associated Concepts (hierarchy name))

 

Note: A 19th-century Hindu reform movement that has its roots in the Hindu apologist and reformer Rammohun Roy (1772-1833) who was impressed by Western achievements but believed that Indian spirituality was greater. The theistic movement, influenced by Islam, Christianity, and modern science, sought a return to the purity of Hindu worship through a rejection of idol-worship, an emphasis on monotheism, and a reform of Hindu social practices. Roy's most important reform was to convince the British that sati, the practice of widow burning, was not part of original dharma and should be banned. The movement continued, with much division, into the 20th century, but quickly lost members and influence.
 
Terms:
Brahmo Samaj (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,N)
Brahmo Samaj (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Brahmo Samaj (Spanish-P,D,U,U)
Brahmo Samāj (C,V,English,UF,U,N)
Brāma Samāj (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
Divine Society (C,O,English,UF,U,N)
梵社 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
fàn shè (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
fan she (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles),UF,U,U)
fan she (Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  B.BM

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Associated Concepts Facet
Associated Concepts Facet
Hierarchy of Associated Concepts (hierarchy name)
.... Associated Concepts (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <religions and religious concepts>
........ <religions and religious concepts> (G)
Hierarchy of religions (belief systems, cultures)
............ religions (belief systems, cultures) (G)
Hierarchy of Hinduism
................ Hinduism (G)
Hierarchy of Brahmo Samaj
.................... Brahmo Samaj (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 一支十九世紀的印度教改革運動,始自一位印度教的護教論者及改革家羅姆摩罕‧羅伊(Rammohun Roy, 1772-1833),他對於西方的成就感到驚異,但相信印度人的靈性更高。此一神論運動受到伊斯蘭教、基督教與現代科學的影響,希望經由拒絕偶像崇拜、強調一神信仰,及改革印度教的社會實踐模式,來尋求重返印度教敬拜的純粹。羅伊最重要的改革便是說服英國人焚死寡婦(sati, 薩提)並非原本印度教的法則,且應被禁止。此運動發展出許多分支,持續至二十世紀,但很快便喪失信徒及影響力。 
Dutch ..... Een 19de-eeuwse hindoeïstische hervormingsbeweging die teruggaat tot de hindoe-apologeet en -hervormer Rammohun Roy (1772-1833). Deze was onder de indruk van de prestaties van het westen maar meende dat in India de spiritualiteit groter was. De theïstische beweging, beïnvloed door de islam, het christendom en de moderne natuurwetenschappen, streefde naar een terugkeer tot het zuivere hindoeïstische geloof door afwijzing van beeldenverering, nadruk op monotheïsme en hervorming van hindoeïstische sociale gebruiken. Roy’s belangrijkste hervorming was de Britten ervan te overtuigen dat de sati, de praktijk van de weduweverbranding, geen deel uitmaakte van de oorspronkelijke dharma en verboden moest worden. De beweging bleef met veel verdeeldheid bestaan tot in de 20ste eeuw, maar verloor snel leden en invloed. 
Spanish ..... Un movimiento reformista hindú del siglo XIX que tiene sus raíces en el apologista y reformador hindú Rammohun Roy (1772-1833) quién aunque impresionado por los logros occidentales creyó que la espiritualidad india era más importante. El movimiento teísta, influenciado por el Islam, la Cristiandad, y la ciencia moderna, buscó un retorno a la pureza de culto hindú a través de un rechazo del culto a los ídolos, un énfasis en el monoteiísmo, y una reforma de las prácticas sociales hindúes. La reforma más importante de Roy fue convencer a los británicos que el sati, la práctica de quemar a las viudas, no era parte de dharma original y que debería prohibirse. El movimiento continuó, muy dividido, en el siglo XX, pero rápidamente perdió adeptos e influencia. 

Sources and Contributors:
梵社............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 July 24, 2012
Brahmo Samaj............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Doniger, Merriam-Webster's Encyclopedia of World Religions (1999) 142
.......................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.......................  Goring, ed., Larousse Dictionary of Beliefs and Religions (1994) 75
.......................  TAA database (2000-)
Brahmo Samāj............  [VP]
.......................  Bowker, Oxford Dictionary of World Religions (1997) 164
Brāma Samāj............  [VP]
.......................  Doniger, Merriam-Webster's Encyclopedia of World Religions (1999) 142
Divine Society............  [VP]
.............................  Goring, ed., Larousse Dictionary of Beliefs and Religions (1994) 75
fan she............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
fàn shè............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Bowker, Oxford Dictionary of World Religions (1997) 164
.......... Goring, ed., Larousse Dictionary of Beliefs and Religions (1994) 75
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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