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ID: 300042513
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300042513

 

Record Type: concept
flutes (aerophones) (aerophones, <sound devices by acoustical characteristics>, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Generally refers to any musical wind instrument consisting of a hollow cylinder or pipe of wood, metal, or another material, with holes along its length that are stopped by the fingers or by keys that are opened by the fingers. Although most flutes are tubular, some are globular (as with a gourd flute). A flute is sounded by a stream of air from the player's lips striking against the sharp edge of an opening, breaking the air up and vibrating within the enclosed space. The air may be blown in from an end or from the side, depending upon the type of flute. Many, but not all, modern flutes are equipped with the Boehm system of keywork.
 
Terms:
flutes (aerophones) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
flute (aerophone) (C,U,LC,English,AD,U,SN)
長笛 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
cháng dí (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
chang di (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
ch'ang ti (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
tlapitzalli (C,U,Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl,UF,U,U)  ............ variant orthography
tlapitzalli (Classical Nahuatl-P,UF,SN)
cuahuilacapitztli (C,U,C,Classical Nahuatl,UF,U)  ............ variant orthography
huilacapitztli (C,U,Classical Nahuatl,UF,N)  ............ variant orthography
tlapitzalmeh (C,U,Classical Nahuatl,UF,PN)  ............ variant orthography
tlapitzaltin (C,U,Classical Nahuatl,UF,PN)  ............ alternate term
vilacapitztli (C,U,Classical Nahuatl,UF,N)  ............ variant orthography
fluiten (aërofonen) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
fluit (aërofoon) (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
flauta (C,U,Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl,UF,B)
flauta (Portuguese,AD,U,SN)
flauta (aerófono) (Spanish,AD,U,SN)
cuicatl (C,U,Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl,UF,U)  ............ alternate term
flûtes (aerophones) (C,U,French-P,D,U,PN)
flûte (aerophone) (C,U,French,AD,U,SN)
Flöten (C,U,German-P,D,U,PN)
Flöte (C,U,German,AD,U,SN)
flauto (aerofono) (C,U,Italian,AD,U,SN)
flautas (C,U,Portuguese-P,D,U,PN)
flautas (aerófono) (Spanish-P,D,U,PN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.TT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Sound Devices (hierarchy name)
........ Sound Devices (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of sound devices (equipment)
............ sound devices (equipment) (G)
Hierarchy of <sound devices by acoustical characteristics>
................ <sound devices by acoustical characteristics> (G)
Hierarchy of aerophones
.................... aerophones (G)
Hierarchy of flutes (aerophones)
........................ flutes (aerophones) (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Sound Devices (hierarchy name)
........ Sound Devices (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of sound devices (equipment)
............ sound devices (equipment) (G)
Hierarchy of <sound devices by function>
................ <sound devices by function> (G)
Hierarchy of musical instruments
.................... musical instruments (G)
Hierarchy of wind instruments
........................ wind instruments (G)
Hierarchy of woodwind instruments
............................ woodwind instruments (G)
Hierarchy of flutes (aerophones)
................................ flutes (aerophones) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 泛指所有中空圓筒或木製、金屬製、或其他材質的管樂器,以手指或手指觸鍵方式來按壓其身節上的孔洞。雖然多數長笛為管狀,有些為球狀(像是葫蘆笛)。長笛是由演奏者將嘴唇放在笛口吹氣,藉由吐氣長短來振動笛管內部。視長笛種類的不同,笛口可能位在尾端或側邊。絕大多數的現代長笛都採用貝姆式鍵制。 
Dutch ..... In algemene zin te gebruiken voor aërofonen, geluid voortbrengend door middel van een luchtstroom die vanaf de lippen van de bespeler over de scherpe rand van een opening wordt geblazen. In specifieke zin: de uit drie of meer delen bestaande, zijdelings aangeblazen fluiten, met of zonder (Boehm)kleppensysteem, in hout of metaal in westerse orkest-, kamer- en solomuziek. 
Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl ..... Xictequihui ica nochi tlen quiquixtia ce caquiztli quemman mopitza, tlen quipitza ica itenno ce acahya campa nopa ihticoyontoc, huehhuei tlatzotzonanih quimanextiah ce caquiztli tlen mopitza. Xictequihui nouhquiya para flauta tlen bandaz occidentales, tlen ce tlaixpiyalli huan tlen orquestas, tlachihualli ica huapalli zo ipehuayan siglo XX, peuhqui mochihchihua ica tepoztli ica eyi maz tlaxelolli, huan iuhcatzan axcanah mopannextihtoc cualli ipan Boehntlen digitacion. 
Portuguese ..... Geralmente se refere a qualquer instrumento de sopro musical que consiste em um cilindro oco ou tubo de madeira, metal ou outro material, com orifícios ao longo de seu comprimento que são bloqueados pelos dedos ou por teclas que são abertas pelos dedos. Embora a maioria das flautas sejam tubulares, algumas são globulares (como acontece com uma flauta de cabaça). Uma flauta é tocada por um fluxo de ar dos lábios do músico batendo contra a borda afiada de uma abertura, quebrando o ar e vibrando dentro do espaço fechado. O ar pode ser soprado de uma extremidade ou de um lado, dependendo do tipo de flauta. Muitas flautas modernas, mas não todas, são equipadas com o sistema Boehm de keywork 
Spanish ..... Úsese genéricamente para todos los aerófonos cerrados que suenan mediante una columna de aire producida al soplar el ejecutante con sus labios contra el borde afilado de un orificio, resultando lo que los expertos en acústica denominan un tono de borde. Use también específicamente para flautas traveseras de bandas occidentales, de conciertos, y de orquestas, hechas en madera o, a partir del siglo veinte, más a menudo de metal, de tres o más secciones, y usualmente aunque no exclusivamente equipadas con el sistema Boehm de digitación. 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  flue pipes (organ pipes)
..................................  (organ pipes (components), <pipes: aerophone components>, ... Components (hierarchy name)) [300198998]
provide context ....  Boehm system
............................  (keywork, aerophone components, ... Components (hierarchy name)) [300209242]
used by ....  flutists
............  (wind instrumentalists, instrumentalists, ... People (hierarchy name)) [300235053]

Sources and Contributors:
長笛............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版
...........  智慧藏百科全書網
...........  簡明音樂詞典
chang di............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
cháng dí............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
ch'ang ti............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  TELDAP database (2009-)
cuahuilacapitztli............  [GRI-FloCo]
................................  Molina 1 76v
................................  Molina 1571 (2) 52r
................................  Thouvenot 2014 321
cuicatl............  [GRI-FloCo]
.................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
flauta ()............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, CVAA-BR, GRI-FloCo]
....................  CVAA-BR Consortium (2020-)
....................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
....................  Tranchefort, Los Instrumentos Musicales (1994) 204
flautas ()............  [CDBP-SNPC, CVAA-BR Preferred, GRI-FloCo]
.......................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
.......................  CVAA-BR Consortium (2020-)
.......................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
flauto (aerofono)............  [ICCD Preferred, VP]
................................  ICCD database (1988-)
Flöte............  [VP]
..............  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 12 February 2008
Flöten............  [VP]
.................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
fluit (aërofoon)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.............................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
fluiten (aërofonen)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
...................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
...................................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
flute (aerophone)............  [GRI-FloCo, VP]
................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) flute
................................  Chenhall, Revised Nomenclature (1988) flute
................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
................................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
flûte (aerophone)............  [CHIN / RCIP, VP]
................................  CHIN database (1988-)
flutes (aerophones)............  [GCI Preferred, GRI-FloCo Preferred, VP Preferred]
...................................  AATA database (2002-) 123845 checked 26 January 2012
...................................  Bessaraboff, Ancient European Musical Instruments (1944) index; flutes
...................................  BHA Subject Headings (1985-) flutes
...................................  Contributed as a candidate term Candidate comment -- BATEMI -- 8/94; revise scope note.; flutes
...................................  Diagram Group, Musical Instruments of the World (1976) illustration, 32; flutes
...................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
...................................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
...................................  Marcuse, Musical Instruments Dictionary (1975) flutes
...................................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
...................................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990) flutes
...................................  Sadie, New Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (1984) illustration, Vol. 1, 769; flutes
...................................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961) flutes
flûtes (aerophones)............  [CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
...................................  CHIN database (1988-)
huilacapitztli............  [GRI-FloCo]
.............................  Carochi 1910 179
.............................  Wimmer 2020
tlapitzalli............  [GRI-FloCo]
.......................  Karttunen 1992 292
.......................  Molina 1571 (2) 132r
.......................  Simeon 1992 639
.......................  Sullivan et al. 2016 517
.......................  Wimmer 2020
tlapitzalmeh............  [GRI-FloCo]
.......................  Karttunen 1992 292 (both)
tlapitzaltin............  [GRI-FloCo]
.......................  Andrews 2003 113, 114, 650
.......................  Karttunen 1992 36 (cocoah, coameh)
.......................  Simeon 1992 115 (cocoa)
.......................  Wimmer 2020 (cocoah, coameh)
vilacapitztli............  [GRI-FloCo]
..........................  Sahagún 2012 (I) 48
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, CVAA-BR, GCI, GRI-FloCo, ICCD, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 123845 checked 26 January 2012
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  CVAA-BR Consortium (2020-)
............  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
............  Sadie, New Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (1984) illustration, 1:772, in entry "flute" section 2; Boehm flutes
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Britannica Student Encyclopedia Online (2002-) accessed 12 February 2008
.......... Marcuse, Musical Instruments (1964)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl .......... [GRI-FloCo]
.......... GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
Portuguese .......... [CVAA-BR]
.......... CVAA-BR Consortium (2020-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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