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ID: 300343826
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300343826

 

Record Type: concept
Hordeum (genus) (Poaceae (family), Poales (order), ... Living Organisms (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Genus containing various annual grasses of the family Poaceae (Gramineae), many producing edible grain. Barley was cultivated in Ethiopia and southeast Asia since prehistoric times. From biblical times through the Middle Ages, barley was the primary grain for producing unleavened bread and porridge throughout Europe, the Middle East, Egypt, and some parts of Asia. The grains are also been used to make malt beer. The residual stems, or straw, were used in Europe and Asia to make straw hats. The straw has also used used as a packing material, particularly for shipping glass and as an animal feed.
 
Terms:
Hordeum (genus) (preferred,C,U,S,English-P,D,U,N)
Hordeum (genus) (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Hordeum (genus) (Latin-P,D,U,U)
barley (genus) (C,U,C,English,AD,U,N)
大麥屬 (屬) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
大麥屬植物 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
dà mài shǔ (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
da mai shu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
ta mai shu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
cebada (C,U,C,Spanish,AD,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  H.HL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Agents Facet
Agents Facet
Hierarchy of Living Organisms (hierarchy name)
.... Living Organisms (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of living organisms (entities)
........ living organisms (entities) (G)
Hierarchy of Eukaryota (domain)
............ Eukaryota (domain) (G)
Hierarchy of Plantae (kingdom)
................ Plantae (kingdom) (G)
Hierarchy of Angiospermae (division)
.................... Angiospermae (division) (G)
Hierarchy of Liliopsida (class)
........................ Liliopsida (class) (G)
Hierarchy of Poales (order)
............................ Poales (order) (G)
Hierarchy of Poaceae (family)
................................ Poaceae (family) (G)
Hierarchy of Hordeum (genus)
.................................... Hordeum (genus) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 屬名,包含多種禾本科、年度收成的草本植物,其中有許多種類會生長出可供食用的穀粒。自史前時期開始,大麥就在衣索比亞和東南亞廣為栽植耕種。從聖經中所記載的時期到中古世紀,大麥是歐洲各地、中東地區、埃及和亞洲的部分地區的主要穀物,用來製作不發酵的麵包和麥片粥。穀粒也可用於製作大麥啤酒。在歐洲和亞洲,剩餘下來的麥莖(或稱為麥桿)則可用來製作草帽。稻草也被用來做為包裝的材料,特別是運輸用的稻草,而且也可做為動物的飼料。  
Dutch ..... Genus van eenjarige en overblijvende grassen uit de familie Poaceae (Gramineae). Vele daarvan produceren eetbaar graan. Al sinds de prehistorie verbouwt men gerst in Ethiopië en Zuidoost-Azië. Vanaf de Bijbelse tijd tot de Middeleeuwen was het in Europa, het Midden-Oosten, Egypte en sommige delen van Azië de belangrijkste graansoort voor het maken van pap en ongedesemd brood. Het graan gebruikte men ook om moutbier te maken. Van de overblijvende stengels of strohalmen maakte men in Europa en Azië strooien hoeden. Het stro gebruikt men ook als veevoer en als verpakkingsmateriaal, met name voor het vervoeren van glas.  

Related concepts:
source for ....  barley straw
..................  (straw (plant material), plant material, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300011909]

Sources and Contributors:
大麥屬 (屬)............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 July 31, 2014
.................  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 July 31, 2014
.................  經濟部智慧財產局-本國專利技術名詞中英對照查詢資料庫 July 13, 2020
大麥屬植物............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..............  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
barley (genus)............  [VP]
.............................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.............................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
cebada............  [VP]
.................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) II:537
da mai shu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
dà mài shǔ............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Hordeum (genus)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.............................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.............................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
.............................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
.............................  Smithsonian Collections Search Center (2009-)
ta mai shu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  CHIN database (1988-)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)

 

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