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ID: 300264637
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300264637

 

Record Type: concept
proofs (prints by function) (<prints by function>, prints (visual works), ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Trial impressions of a printed image; print impressions from a plate or block, usually before the production of the regular edition, in order to correct, add to, or check the development of a work. Formerly, true proofs referred to proofs made before work on the plate or block is finished. Common since the 18th century are proofs before letters, artist's proofs, remarque proofs, and printers' proofs; such proofs may be deliberately printed to be sold at higher prices, thus are not, in the strictest sense, true proofs. The term is sometimes loosely and incorrectly and used as a synonym for "impressions."
 
Terms:
proofs (prints by function) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
proof (prints by function) (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
proof copies (prints by function) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
proof prints (prints by function) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
proof sheets (prints by function) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
test proofs (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
trial prints (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
trial proofs (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
trial pulls (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
drukproeven (prenten) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
drukproef (prent) (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,SN)
proefdrukken (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
proefdruk (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,SN)
épreuve d'essai (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
épreuves d'essai (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
épreuve (C,U,French,AD,U,SN)
epreuve (C,U,French-P,UF,U,N)
Probedrucke (C,U,German,D,PN)
Probedruck (C,U,German-P,AD,SN)
Probeabzug (C,U,German,UF,U,SN)
Korrekturbogen (C,U,German,UF,U,SN)
prova (C,U,Italian,AD,U,SN)
pruebas (objeto derivado) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
prueba (objeto derivado) (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)
provtryck (C,U,Swedish,AD,U,SN)
korrektur (C,U,Swedish,UF,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.VC

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)
.... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Visual Works (hierarchy name)
........ Visual Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of visual works (works)
............ visual works (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <visual works by material or technique>
................ <visual works by material or technique> (G)
Hierarchy of prints (visual works)
.................... prints (visual works) (G)
Hierarchy of <prints by function>
........................ <prints by function> (G)
Hierarchy of proofs (prints by function)
............................ proofs (prints by function) (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Verwijst in algemene zin naar afdrukken van een plaat of blok die meestal voorafgaand aan de reguliere uitgave zijn gemaakt, teneinde de voortgang van een werk te corrigeren of te controleren, of er iets aan toe te voegen. Vroeger verwees de term ‘drukproeven’ feitelijk naar proefdrukken die werden gemaakt voordat het werk aan de plaat of het blok was voltooid. Sinds de 18de eeuw zijn algemeen gebruikte begrippen: afdrukken avant la lettre, afdrukken voor de kunstenaar, afdrukken met remarque en drukkerstesten; dit zijn typen proefdrukken die bewust zijn gemaakt om tegen hogere prijzen te worden verkocht; het zijn dan ook geen drukproeven in de zuivere betekenis van het woord. De term wordt soms incorrect gebruikt als synoniem voor 'afdrukken'. 
German ..... Probeabdruck eines gedruckten Bildes; gedruckter Abzug von einer Platte oder einem Block, gewöhnlich vor der Produktion der regulären Auflage, um die Entwicklung eines Werks zu korrigieren oder um etwas hinzuzufügen oder zu überprüfen. Früher bezog sich der Begriff "Echter Probedruck" auf einen Probedruck, der hergestellt wurde, bevor die Arbeit an der Platte oder dem Block beendet war. Seit dem 18. Jahrhundert sind Probedrucke vor dem Schriftsatz, dem Künstlerprobedruck, dem Remarqueprobedruck und dem Druckerprobedruck üblich; dies sind Typen von Probedrucken, die mit der Absicht gedruckt wurden, zu höheren Preisen verkauft zu werden, und keine echten Probedrucke im eigentlichen Sinn. Der Begriff wird manchmal einfach und unrichtig als Synonym für "Abzug" verwendet. 
Spanish ..... Copias gráficas, textuales o fotográficas de una obra hecha para corregir, agregar a, o chequear el desarrollo de una obra. Se refiere, en un sentido general, a estampas de una impresión tomadas de una plancha o bloque, generalmente antes de la producción de la edición normal, para corregir, agregar o chequear el desarrollo de una obra. Las pruebas de la obra verdadera se realizan antes que la plancha o bloque se termine. Desde el siglo XVIII son comunes las pruebas anterior a las letras, prueba del artista, prueba de remarque y prueba del impresor; estos son tipos de prueba que son impresas deliberadamente para ser vendidas a precios muy altos y no son, en sentido estricto, pruebas verdaderas. El término es empleado a veces de manera imprecisa e incorrecta y es usado como sinónimo de "impresión." 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  impressions (prints)
..................................  (prints (visual works), <visual works by material or technique>, ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300178549]
distinguished from ....  proofs (printed matter)
..................................  (printed matter production stages, <information artifacts by function>, ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300264639]

Sources and Contributors:
drukproef (prent)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
................................  AAT-Ned (1994-) okayed 15 March 2012
................................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
................................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
drukproeven (prenten)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
......................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
......................................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
epreuve............  [VP]
.................  BHA, Authority file (2003-) accessed 15 June 2005
épreuve............  [VP]
.................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
épreuve d'essai............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.............................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
épreuves d'essai............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.............................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
korrektur............  [VP]
....................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
Korrekturbogen............  [IfM-SMB-PK, VP]
.............................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
Probeabzug............  [IfM-SMB-PK, VP]
.......................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
Probedruck............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
.......................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4367555-4
.......................  Knell und Sperlich, Ullstein-Lexikon der Kunst (1972) 515
.......................  Lucie-Smith und Thomas, DuMont's Lexikon der bildenden Kunst (1997) 230-231
Probedrucke............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
proefdruk............  [RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
....................  AAT-Ned (1994-) okayed per spreadsheet from AAT-Ned
....................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
....................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
proefdrukken............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
proof (prints by function)............  [VP]
...............................................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
proof copies (prints by function)............  [VP]
........................................................  Carter, ABC for Book Collectors, 6th ed. (1992) 163
proof prints (prints by function)............  [VP]
........................................................  ALA Glossary (1983)
........................................................  Harrod's Librarians' Glossary (1984) 623
........................................................  International Center of Photography Encyclopedia of Photography (1984) 416
........................................................  Roberts and Etherington, Bookbinding and Conservation (1982) 206
proofs (prints by function)............  [VP Preferred]
...............................................  Goldman, Looking at Prints (1988)
...............................................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) "Proof." Accessed 1 October 2002.
...............................................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
proof sheets (prints by function)............  [VP]
........................................................  Peters, Bookman's Glossary (1983) 167
prova............  [VP]
..............  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
provtryck............  [VP]
....................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
prueba (objeto derivado)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
.........................................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
.........................................  Lucie-Smith, Diccionario de Términos de Arte (1997) 163
.........................................  Vives, Guía para la identificacion de grabados (2003) 303
pruebas (objeto derivado)............  [CDBP-SNPC, VP]
............................................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
test proofs............  [VP]
.......................  Zinkham and Parker, Descriptive Terms for Graphic Materials (1986)
trial prints............  [VP]
.......................  Gaskell, New Introduction to Bibliography (1972)
trial proofs............  [VP]
.......................  ALA Glossary (1983)
.......................  Chamberlain, Thames and Hudson Manual of Etching (1978) 189
.......................  Goldman, Looking at Prints (1988) 50
.......................  Griffiths, Prints and Printmaking (1980) 144
.......................  Harrod's Librarians' Glossary (1984) 623
.......................  Heller, Printmaking Today (1972) GLOS
.......................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969) 402
.......................  Melot et al., Prints, History of an Art (1981)
.......................  Roberts and Etherington, Bookbinding and Conservation (1982) 206
.......................  Ross et al., Complete Printmaker (1990) GLOS
.......................  Saff and Sacilotto, Printmaking (1978) 424
.......................  Tyler, Tyler Graphics (1987) 423
.......................  Wasserman, Daumier Sculpture (1969) 14, re sculpture casts
.......................  Zinkham and Parker, Descriptive Terms for Graphic Materials (1986) 70
trial pulls............  [VP]
.......................  Lucie-Smith, Thames & Hudson Dictionary of Art Terms (1986)
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-SNPC, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) printing, practical--proofs
............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Goldman, Looking at Prints (1988) 50
.......... Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 9 Oct 2002
.......... IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
.......... NGA Gemini G.E.L., Glossary of printmaking (1980-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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