The GettyResearch Institute
Research Home Tools Art & Architecture Thesaurus Full Record Display
Art & Architecture Thesaurus Full Record Display
New Search Previous Page Help

Click the icon to view the hierarchy.

Semantic View (JSONRDFN3/TurtleN-Triples) Representative Images:    1  2  3

ID: 300417316
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300417316

 

Record Type: concept
dougong (brackets (structural elements), <spanning and projecting structural elements>, ... Components (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Dougong refers to a unit consisting of a number of mortised bearing blocks (dou 斗), arms (gong 栱), tie-beams (fang 枋) and inclined beams (ang 昂). They are often used under the eaves, on beams, or on the tops of pillars.The first use of the term dougong as a compound word can be traced to the Sui dynasty translation of the Yaoshi rulai benyuan jing (Dharmagupta trans. 616 CE, Taishō 449): “The city-gate towers, walls and parapets, doors and windows, halls and pavilions, pillars and beams, blocks and bracket arms (dougong 斗拱), surrounding like a net, are all composed of the seven jewels.” After the Sui dynasty, dougong gradually became a set technical term and can be found in a number of different textual sources. The earliest known material evidence for dougong is the dragon-phoenix table-base excavated from the Warring States Period Zhongshan royal necropolis in Pingshan, Hebei province (ca. 310 BCE; ZHONG Xiaoqing, 2010:113-119). From the Han dynasty onward we have many extant examples of dougong in the visual record.
 
Terms:
dougong (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,B)
dougong (Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones),UF,U,U)
dougongs (C,U,English,AD,U,PN)
dǒugǒng (C,U,English,UF,L,N)  ............ bracket arms; bracket sets
dǒugǒng (Chinese (transliterated Pinyin)-P,D,U,N)
dou-gongs (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
toukong (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
tou-kong (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
斗拱 (C,U,Chinese,UF,U,U)
斗栱 (C,U,Chinese (simplified),UF,U,U)
枓栱 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
tou-kung (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles),UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.PJ

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Components (hierarchy name)
.... Components (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of components (objects parts)
........ components (objects parts) (G)
Hierarchy of <components by specific context>
............ <components by specific context> (G)
Hierarchy of architectural elements
................ architectural elements (G)
Hierarchy of <structural elements and components for structural elements>
.................... <structural elements and components for structural elements> (G)
Hierarchy of structural elements
........................ structural elements (G)
Hierarchy of <spanning and projecting structural elements>
............................ <spanning and projecting structural elements> (G)
Hierarchy of brackets (structural elements)
................................ brackets (structural elements) (G)
Hierarchy of dougong
.................................... dougong (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 斗栱,又作枓栱,是中國古代建築中最有特點的組成部分,一般來說是指出現在建筑物的檐下、梁架間或柱頭上,由一些斗形構件和一些栱形構件及枋木、昂等組成的一種單元。以枓栱作為名詞指代特定的對象始於隋代大業十二年(616年)所譯的《藥師如來本願經》,經文中提到 “城闕、垣牆、門窗、堂閣、柱樑、斗栱,周匝羅網,皆七寶成”。(T0449_.14.0402a22)之後,逐漸成為固定的術語,普遍見於各類文獻中。目前最早的枓栱形象,一般認為是出土的戰國時期河北平山中山王墓的龍鳳銅案上的枓栱。(ca. 310 BCE; 鍾曉青,2010:113-119)在漢代以後的遺存中,枓栱形象多見. 

Related concepts:
provide context ....  áng
............................  (brackets (structural elements), <spanning and projecting structural elements>, ... Components (hierarchy name)) [300443533]
related to ....  pūzuò
..................  (<spanning and projecting structural elements>, structural elements, ... Components (hierarchy name)) [300443516]

Sources and Contributors:
斗拱............  [VP]
...........  Wikipedia (2000-) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dougong
枓栱............  [ATTCAT, VP]
...........  Architectura Sinica [online] (2014-)
斗栱............  [ATTCAT, VP]
...........  Architectura Sinica [online] (2014-)
dougong............  [ATTCAT, VP Preferred]
.................  Architectura Sinica [online] (2014-)
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) Chinese architecture, accessed 20 October 2017
.................  Grove Art Online (2008-) China: Architecture, accessed 20 October 2017
.................  Zwerger, Wood and Wood Joints: Building Traditions of Europe, Japan and China (2012)
dou-gongs............  [VP]
....................  Zheng, Design for Culture and Prosperity (2001)
dougongs............  [VP]
.................  Grove Art Online (2008-)
dǒugǒng............  [ATTCAT Preferred, VP]
.................  Architectura Sinica [online] (2014-)
.................  ATTCAT (2018)
.................  ZDIC [online] (2020-)
tou-kong............  [VP]
.................  AATA online (2020-) 2019-143937
toukong............  [VP]
.................  AATA online (2020-) 2019-143937
tou-kung............  [ATTCAT, VP]
.................  Architectura Sinica [online] (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [ATTCAT, VP]
............  Architectura Sinica [online] (2014-)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Architectura Sinica [online] (2014-)
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [ATTCAT, VP]
.......... Architectura Sinica [online] (2014-)

 

New Search

Back to Top

Printer Friendly Version

The J. Paul Getty Trust
The J. Paul Getty Trust