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ID: 300343933
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300343933

 

Record Type: concept
Malvaceae (family) (Malvales (order), Rosanae (superorder), ... Living Organisms (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Family containing 243 genera and at least 4,225 species of herbs, shrubs, and trees, common in the tropics but found in all but the coldest regions. Economically, the most important member of the family is cotton (Gossypium). Several species of Hibiscus produce fibers that are of lesser importance. The green fruits of okra (H. esculentus) are cooked and eaten, and the mucilage secreted in tissues of some species has been used in certain confections and for other purposes. Genera now included in Malvaceae were long thought to be very closely related, but, until DNA studies were done at the end of the 20th century, they were placed in four different families: Malvaceae, Bombacaceae, Tiliaceae, and Sterculiaceae, this group of families alone constituting Malvales for some earlier botanists. DNA evidence has shown that many of the genera in these families are interdigitated, a finding used for including them in a larger, single family rather than maintaining artificial lineages (ones that do not share a common ancestor).
 
Terms:
Malvaceae (family) (preferred,C,U,S,English-P,D,U,N)
Malvaceae (familie) (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Malvaceae (family) (Latin-P,D,U,N)
mallow family (C,U,C,English,UF,U,U)
hibiscus family (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
mallows (family) (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
kaasjeskruidfamilie (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
mauves (plant family) (C,U,C,French,AD,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  H.HL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Agents Facet
Agents Facet
Hierarchy of Living Organisms (hierarchy name)
.... Living Organisms (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of living organisms (entities)
........ living organisms (entities) (G)
Hierarchy of Eukaryota (domain)
............ Eukaryota (domain) (G)
Hierarchy of Plantae (kingdom)
................ Plantae (kingdom) (G)
Hierarchy of Angiospermae (division)
.................... Angiospermae (division) (G)
Hierarchy of Magnoliopsida (class)
........................ Magnoliopsida (class) (G)
Hierarchy of Rosanae (superorder)
............................ Rosanae (superorder) (G)
Hierarchy of Malvales (order)
................................ Malvales (order) (G)
Hierarchy of Malvaceae (family)
.................................... Malvaceae (family) (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Familie van 243 genera en ten minste 4225 soorten kruiden, struiken en bomen die veel voorkomen in de tropen, maar die men ook vindt in andere gebieden, behalve de allerkoudste. Katoen (Gossypium) is economisch het belangrijkste genus. Verschillende soorten uit het genus Hibiscus produceren vezels die van minder groot belang zijn. De groene vruchten van de okra (H. esculentus) worden gekookt en gegeten. De gom die sommige soorten afscheiden, gebruikt men in bepaalde zoetigheden en voor andere doeleinden. Al lange tijd dacht men dat de genera die tegenwoordig zijn opgenomen in Malvaceae zeer nauw aan elkaar verwant waren. Ze werden echter in vier verschillende families geplaatst: Malvaceae, Bombacaceae, Tiliaceae en Sterculiaceae. Voor sommige botanisten uit het verleden vormden deze groep families zelfs de gehele orde Malvales. DNA-onderzoek aan het eind van de twintigste eeuw heeft inderdaad uitgewezen dat veel genera uit deze families nauw verwant zijn. Ze zijn daarom in één grote familie opgenomen en kunstmatige onderscheiden zijn losgelaten (onderscheiden waarbij niet is uitgegaan van een gemeenschappelijke voorouder). 

Sources and Contributors:
hibiscus family............  [VP]
.............................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
kaasjeskruidfamilie............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
...................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
mallow family............  [VP]
..........................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
..........................  NCBI Taxonomy Browser (2008-)
mallows (family)............  [VP]
.............................  Britannica Student Encyclopedia Online (2002-)
.............................  ITIS: Integrated Taxonomic Information System online (2005-)
Malvaceae (family)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
...................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
...................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
...................................  ITIS: Integrated Taxonomic Information System online (2005-)
...................................  NCBI Taxonomy Browser (2008-)
mauves (plant family)............  [VP]
......................................  ITIS: Integrated Taxonomic Information System online (2005-)
 
Subject: .....  [RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  Van Dale Groot woordenboek van de Nederlandse taal (2009)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 6 January 2011
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)

 

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