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ID: 300343919
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300343919

 

Record Type: concept
Betula (genus) (Betulaceae (family), Fagales (order), ... Living Organisms (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Genus of hardy, deciduous trees of the family Betulaceae, common to North America, Europe and Asia. Birch tress are readily distinguished by their white bark and diamond-shaped leaves. The lightweight bark contains natural waxes, oils, and tannins that make it tough, durable, and waterproof. Thin sheets of bark were commonly used for paper in Central Asia and the Far East. The water-impervious bark was used for wigwams, canoes, and shoes for Native Americans. Birch produces a strong, pale yellow-brown wood with a close, straight grain and uniform texture that finishes to a smooth surface. Dyes can also be obtained from various parts of birch trees. The leaves, usually gathered before they develop a mature green color, produce a yellow dye. The bark produces a pale brown color. The female catkins (a long shoot bearing flowers with no leaves) are boiled to produce a dull yellow color. Birch bark oil and birch beer are made from sap obtained from the trees. The sap allows birch bark to burn even when it is wet.
 
Terms:
Betula (genus) (preferred,C,U,S,English-P,D,U,N)
Betula (genus) (Latin-P,D,U,N)
Betula (genus) (Dutch-P,D,U,N)
birch (genus) (C,U,C,English,AD,U,N)
bouleau (genus) (C,U,C,French,AD,U,N)
abedul (genus) (C,U,C,Spanish,AD,U,U)
Birke (genus) (C,U,C,German,AD,U,U)
beulla (genus) (C,U,C,Italian,AD,U,U)
birk (genus) (C,U,C,Danish,AD,U,U)
berk (genus) (C,U,C,Dutch,AD,U,U)
betula (genus) (C,U,C,Portuguese,AD,U,U)
bjørk (genus) (C,U,C,Norwegian (Nynorsk),AD,U,U)
brzoza (genus) (C,U,C,Polish,AD,U,U)
björk (genus) (C,U,C,Swedish,AD,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  H.HL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Agents Facet
Agents Facet
Hierarchy of Living Organisms (hierarchy name)
.... Living Organisms (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of living organisms (entities)
........ living organisms (entities) (G)
Hierarchy of Eukaryota (domain)
............ Eukaryota (domain) (G)
Hierarchy of Plantae (kingdom)
................ Plantae (kingdom) (G)
Hierarchy of Angiospermae (division)
.................... Angiospermae (division) (G)
Hierarchy of Magnoliopsida (class)
........................ Magnoliopsida (class) (G)
Hierarchy of Rosanae (superorder)
............................ Rosanae (superorder) (G)
Hierarchy of Fagales (order)
................................ Fagales (order) (G)
Hierarchy of Betulaceae (family)
.................................... Betulaceae (family) (G)
Hierarchy of Betula (genus)
........................................ Betula (genus) (G)

Related concepts:
source for ....  betulin
..................  (resin (organic material), organic material, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300380221]
source for ....  birch (wood)
..................  (hardwood, <wood by composition or origin>, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300011973]
source for ....  birch bark (plant material)
..................  (bark (plant material), plant material, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300379355]

Sources and Contributors:
abedul (genus)............  [VP]
.............................  Brickell y Joyce, Enciclopedia de la poda (1997) 55
berk (genus)............  [VP]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-) okayed via spreadsheet from AAT-Ned
.......................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
Betula (genus)............  [VP Preferred]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.............................  Hora, Oxford Encyclopedia of the Trees of the World (1981) 188
.............................  ITIS: Integrated Taxonomic Information System online (2005-)
.............................  NCBI Taxonomy Browser (2008-)
.............................  Smithsonian Collections Search Center (2009-)
betula (genus)............  [VP]
.............................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
beulla (genus)............  [VP]
.............................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
birch (genus)............  [VP]
..........................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977) 96
..........................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
..........................  Montgomery, American furniture: Federal Period (1966) 37
..........................  National Museum of American Art, Media Thesaurus (1980s)
..........................  Stein, Construction Glossary (1980) 172
birk (genus)............  [VP]
.......................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
Birke (genus)............  [VP]
..........................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
bjørk (genus)............  [VP]
..........................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
björk (genus)............  [VP]
..........................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
bouleau (genus)............  [VP]
.............................  CHIN database (1988-)
brzoza (genus)............  [VP]
.............................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
 
Subject: .....  [VP]
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)

 

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