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ID: 300107317
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300107317

 

Record Type: concept
Terramare (Italian Bronze Age periods, Ancient Italian, ... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to a Bronze Age period and culture that developed around 1500 BCE in Emilia in northern Italy and lasted until the Early Iron Age. The term is derived from "terra marna," meaning "rich land" in Emilian dialect and referring to the large amount of archaeological remains associated with the sites. It is characterized by distinctive ornamentation of weapons and pottery, cremation of the dead, and adaptations to a flat terrain that was prone to violent seasonal rains and flooding, including habitations built upon pilings and protected from floods by a vallum or wall.
 
Terms:
Terramare (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,A)
Terramare (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Terramare (Spanish-P,D,U,U)
culture, Terramare (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
Terramara (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
Terramare culture (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
泰拉馬拉文化 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
泰瑞梅爾風格 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
泰瑞梅爾式 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
泰瑞梅爾的 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
tài lā ma lā wén huà (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
tai la ma la wen hua (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
t'ai la ma la wen hua (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  F.FL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Styles and Periods Facet
Styles and Periods Facet
Hierarchy of Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)
.... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <styles, periods, and cultures by region>
........ <styles, periods, and cultures by region> (G)
Hierarchy of Early Western World
............ Early Western World (G)
Hierarchy of Mediterranean (Early Western World)
................ Mediterranean (Early Western World) (G)
Hierarchy of Ancient Italian
.................... Ancient Italian (G)
Hierarchy of Italian Bronze Age periods
........................ Italian Bronze Age periods (G)
Hierarchy of Terramare
............................ Terramare (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 指稱於西元前1500年間,於義大利北部的愛蜜莉亞(Emilia)所發展出來的青銅器時代與文化,此文化一直延續到鐵器時代早期(Early Iron Age)。此一詞彙是由愛蜜莉亞的方言「terra marna」,意即「豐饒的土壤」衍生而出,指稱於當地遺址出土的大量考古遺跡。其特徵為獨樹一幟的武器與陶器裝飾、將往生者火葬,以及對於容易被季節性暴雨與洪水所侵襲的平坦地域所採取的適應措施,包括在樁基上建造的居所,以及用於抵擋洪水的壁壘或圍牆。 
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar een periode en cultuur in de Bronstijd die zich ontwikkelde rond 1500 v. Chr. in Emilia in Noord-Italië en die duurde tot aan de vroege IJzertijd. De term is ontstaan uit ‘Terra marna’ wat ‘rijk land’ betekent in het Emiliaanse dialect en dat verwijst naar de enorme hoeveelheid archeologische overblijfselen die in verband kunnen worden gebracht met de vindplaatsen. De periode wordt gekarakteriseerd door kenmerkende versieringen op wapens en aardewerk, crematie van de doden, en aanpassingen aan een vlak terrein dat onderhevig was aan seizoengebonden overstromingen, zoals paalwoningen beschermd door wallen of bolwerken. 
Spanish ..... Se refiere a un período y cultura de la Edad de Bronce que se desarrolló alrededor del 1500 a.C en Emilia en Italia del norte y que duró hasta la Edad de Hierro Temprana. El término se deriva de "terra marna," que significa "tierra fértil" en dialecto Emiliano y que se refiere a la gran cantidad de restos arqueológicos asociado con los sitios. Se caracteriza por la ornamentación distintiva de armas y cerámica, cremación de muertos y adaptaciones a un terreno plano que era propenso a lluvias estacionales violentas e inundaciones, incluye habitaciones construidas sobre apilamientos y protegidas de las inundaciones por un vallum o pared. 

Sources and Contributors:
泰拉馬拉文化............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  中國大百科全書智慧藏網 January 2, 2013
泰瑞梅爾風格............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
泰瑞梅爾式............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..............  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
泰瑞梅爾的............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..............  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
tai la ma la wen hua............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
tài lā ma lā wén huà............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
t'ai la ma la wen hua............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
......................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Terramara............  [VP]
....................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Ancient Italic people: Origins." Accessed 05/13/99.
Terramare............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, GCI Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
....................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
....................  AATA database (2002-) 151352 checked 26 January 2012
....................  Boethius, Etruscan and Early Roman Architecture (1978) 26
....................  Brendl, Etruscan Art (1978) 436
....................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
....................  Fatás y Borrás, Diccionario de términos de Arte y elementos de Arqueología, Heráldica y Numismática (1997) 226
....................  Historia del Arte (1984) vol 2:219
....................  Sandars, Prehistoric Art in Europe (1985) 26
....................  Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (1990)
Terramare culture............  [VP]
................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "History of Western Architecture: Italy." Accessed 06/03/99.
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 151352 checked 26 January 2012
............  Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (1990)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (1990)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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