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ID: 300025765
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300025765

 

Record Type: concept
monks (people) (religious (people), people in religion, ... People (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Members of a religious brotherhood who are devoted to a discipline prescribed by their order. Monks take vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience. Performance of religious duties and contemplation are traditional priorities. Monks typically live apart from society in communal monasteries, but some live alone (hermits or anchorites). Monks are distinguished from "friars" in that for the monk retirement and solitude are undisturbed by public ministry, except in exceptional circumstances. Some of the more prominent orders of Christian monks include the Benedictines, Cluniacs, Cistercians, Trappists, Carthusians, the Premonstratensians, and Camaldolese.
 
Terms:
monks (people) (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,PN)
monk (people) (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
monk's (person's) (C,U,English,AD,U,N)
monks' (people's) (C,U,English,AD,U,N)
修道士 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
僧侶 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
修士 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
xiū dào shì (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
xiu dao shi (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
hsiu tao shih (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
pi-ch'iu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated),UF,U,N)
monniken (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
monnik (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
biku (C,U,Japanese (transliterated),UF,U,N)
pigu (C,U,Korean (transliterated),UF,U,N)
monjes (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
monje (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  H.HG

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Agents Facet
Agents Facet
Hierarchy of People (hierarchy name)
.... People (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of people (agents)
........ people (agents) (G)
Hierarchy of <people by occupation>
............ <people by occupation> (G)
Hierarchy of <people in the humanities>
................ <people in the humanities> (G)
Hierarchy of <people in religion and related occupations>
.................... <people in religion and related occupations> (G)
Hierarchy of people in religion
........................ people in religion (G)
Hierarchy of religious (people)
............................ religious (people) (G)
Hierarchy of monks (people)
................................ monks (people) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 遵從教團紀律的宗教兄弟會/修士會成員;修道士通常發誓要貧簡度日、獨身禁慾,以及順服。宗教職責與沉思冥想是傳統的重要責任。修道士通常離開社區住在公共的男子修道院,但隱士與隱遁者等人卻獨自居住。修道士與化緣修士不同之處在於,對修道士而言,除非有特殊情況,否則僅有退休與隱居才能不受男子修道院的干預。重要的基督教修道士教派包含了聖本篤修會(Benedictines)、克魯尼亞克會(Cluniacs)、西妥會僧侶團(Cistercians)、(天主教西多會中的一派)特拉普會(Trappists)、卡爾特教團(Carthusians)、普利孟特瑞會(Premonstratensians),以及卡瑪多利斯會(Camaldolese)。 
Dutch ..... Leden van een religieuze broederorde die leven volgens een discipline die door hun orde wordt voorgeschreven. Monniken leggen vaak een eed van armoede, kuisheid en gehoorzaamheid af. Het uitvoeren van religieuze plichten en bezinning zijn traditionele prioriteiten. Monniken leven gewoonlijk in afzondering van de maatschappij samen in kloosters, maar enkelen leven alleen (kluizenaars of heremieten). 
Spanish ..... Miembros de una hermandad religiosa devotos a una disciplina preescrita por su orden. Los monjes generalmente toman votos de pobreza, castidad y obediencia. La actividad de labores y contemplación son de prioridad tradicional. Típicamente, los monjes viven fuera de la sociedad en monasterios comunales, pero algunos viven solos (eremitas o anacoretas). 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  friars
..................................  (religious (people), people in religion, ... People (hierarchy name)) [300266789]
..................................  the terms have distinct meanings, although sometimes they are used interchangeably
involves ....  monasticism
................  (religious concepts, <religions and religious concepts>, Associated Concepts (hierarchy name)) [300055991]
use ....  religious habits
......  (habits, <costume by function>, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300390957]
work/live in ....  monasteries (built complexes)
......................  (religious communities (built complexes), religious complexes, ... Built Environment (hierarchy name)) [300000641]

Sources and Contributors:
修道士............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  中央研究院中英雙語知識本體詞網 December 8, 2011
...........  文馨活用英漢辭典 p. 1146
...........  朗文當代大辭典 p. 1139
僧侶............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  中央研究院中英雙語知識本體詞網 December 8, 2011
...........  文馨活用英漢辭典 p. 1146
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 December 8, 2011
...........  朗文當代大辭典 p. 1139
修士............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  大�‹±ç™¾ç§‘全書線上繁體中文版 December 8, 2011
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 December 8, 2011
...........  牛津當代大辭典 p. 1186
biku............  [VP]
...........  Bowker, Oxford Dictionary of World Religions (1997) 144
hsiu tao shih............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..........................  TELDAP database (2009-)
monje............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
..............  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) II:379
monjes............  [VP]
.................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
monk (people)............  [VP]
..........................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
monks (people)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.............................  AATA database (2002-) 126372 checked 26 January 2012
.............................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.............................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
.............................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
monk's (person's)............  [VP]
................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
monks' (people's)............  [VP]
................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
monnik............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
monniken............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
pi-ch'iu............  [VP]
.................  Bowker, Oxford Dictionary of World Religions (1997) 144
pigu............  [VP]
...........  Bowker, Oxford Dictionary of World Religions (1997) 144
xiu dao shi............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  TELDAP database (2009-)
xiū dào shì............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  TELDAP database (2009-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 126372 checked 26 January 2012
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... American Heritage Dictionary (1982) 810
.......... Catholic Encyclopedia [online] (2003-) accessed 17 November 2007
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2001) accessed September 2001
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed September 2001
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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