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ID: 300019494
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300019494

 

Record Type: concept
Visigothic (style) (Gothic (Migration culture or period), Germanic (Migration Migration culture or period), ... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to the style and period associated with the Visigoths, a division of the Germanic Goths who were agriculturalists in Dacia in modern Romania, were separated from the Ostrogoths and driven across the Danube by Hun invasions, and settled in the Balkan region of Moesia in the fourth century CE. The term refers particularly to the Visigoths' rule in Gaul and the Iberian peninsula, primarily from the fifth to the seventh centuries CE. The style in architecture is characterized by modest size, high quality of workmanship, use of the horseshoe arch, and an abundance of sculptural decoration. The style in sculpture is similar to that of the Lombards, and probably indicates a common source. It is characterized by flat, decorative human figures, animals, foliage, and abstract designs, which were originally brightly colored.
 
Terms:
Visigothic (style) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,A)
西哥德式 (風格) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
xī gē dé shì (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
xi ge de shi (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
hsi ko te shih (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
West-Gotisch (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Visigotisch (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
Visigodo (estilo) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)
Visigodos (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  F.FL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Styles and Periods Facet
Styles and Periods Facet
Hierarchy of Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)
.... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <styles, periods, and cultures by region>
........ <styles, periods, and cultures by region> (G)
Hierarchy of European
............ European (G)
Hierarchy of Medieval styles and periods
................ Medieval styles and periods (G)
Hierarchy of Medieval (European)
.................... Medieval (European) (G)
Hierarchy of Medieval regional styles
........................ Medieval regional styles (G)
Hierarchy of Migration period styles
............................ Migration period styles (G)
Hierarchy of Germanic (Migration Migration culture or period)
................................ Germanic (Migration Migration culture or period) (G)
Hierarchy of Gothic (Migration culture or period)
.................................... Gothic (Migration culture or period) (G)
Hierarchy of Visigothic (style)
........................................ Visigothic (style) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 指與西哥德人相關的風格與時代。他們是日耳曼哥德人的一支,在現今羅馬尼亞的達契亞地區以農業維生,與東哥德人分開之後,被蠻族入侵而越過多瑙河,在西元四世紀於巴爾幹半島的莫西亞定居。這個詞也特別指西哥德人在高盧和伊比利亞半島的統治,主要是從西元五世紀到七世紀。這種風格的建築特色為小型規模、高水準的工藝技術、馬蹄鐵型拱門的運用,和大量的雕刻裝飾。雕刻風格和倫巴底人相似,可能暗示兩者的起源相同,其特色為平面、裝飾性的人體雕像,和動物、植物枝葉與抽象設計,原先的色彩相當鮮豔。 
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar de stijl en periode van de Visigoten, een afsplitsing van de Germaanse Goten, die landbouwers waren in Dacië, in het huidige Roemenië. Zij waren gescheiden van de Ostrogoten en verdreven over de Donau door invasies van de Hunnen, en vestigden zich in het Balkangebied Moesia in de 4de eeuw. De term verwijst in het bijzonder naar de heerschappij van de Visigoten in Gallië en op het Iberisch schiereiland, voornamelijk van de 5de tot de 7de eeuw. De architectuur kenmerkt zich door bescheiden afmetingen, groot vakmanschap, gebruik van de hoefijzerboog, en een overvloed aan beeldhouwkundige decoratie. De beeldhouwkundige stijl lijkt op die van de Lombarden, en wijst vermoedelijk op een gemeenschappelijke bron. Deze kenmerkt zich door platte, decoratieve menselijke figuren, dieren, lofwerk en abstracte ontwerpen, die oorspronkelijk helder van kleur waren. 
Spanish ..... Se refiere al estilo y el período asociado con los visigodos, una rama de los godos germánicos que eran expertos agricultores en Dacia en Rumania moderna y que fueron separados de los Ostrogodos e impulsados a lo largo del Danubio por las invasiones de los Hunos y que se establecieron en la región balcánica de Moesia en el siglo IV d.C. El término se refiere particularmente al dominio de los Visigodos en Galia y la península ibérica, principalmente de los siglos V al VII d.C. El estilo en arquitectura se caracteriza por tamaño modesto, alta calidad de trabajo manual, uso del arco de herradura y una abundancia de decoración escultórica. El estilo en escultura es similar al de los lombardos y probablemente indica un origen común. Se caracteriza figuras humanas decorativas lisas, animales, follaje,y diseños abstractos que originalmente se colorearon brillantemente. 

Sources and Contributors:
西哥德式 (風格)............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
....................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
hsi ko te shih............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Visigodo (estilo)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
................................  TAA database (2000-)
Visigodos............  [CDBP-SNPC]
....................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) II:1409
Visigothic (style)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
...................................  AATA database (2002-) 130329 checked 26 January 2012
...................................  Avery Index (1963-)
...................................  Hubert et al., Europe of the Invasions (1969) 360
...................................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
...................................  Stokstad, Medieval Art (1986) 79
...................................  Zarnecki, Art of the Medieval World (1975) illustration, 86
Visigotisch............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
.......................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
West-Gotisch............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
.......................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
xi ge de shi............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
xī gē dé shì............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 130329 checked 26 January 2012
............  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) Visigoths
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
.......... Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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