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ID: 300018086
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300018086

 

Record Type: concept
Cuzco (Colonial Latin American fine arts styles, Colonial Latin American styles, ... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to the style of painting that emerged from Peruvian painters of various ethnic origins active in Cuzco from the 16th to the 19th centuries. It is characterized by the use of indigenous traditions influenced by Netherlandish Late Gothic Art. Dramatic chiaroscuro painters in the Cuzco style were often Indians taught by Spanish masters. Later, Indian painters began to work in styles independent from Spanish and Creole traditions under the patronage of local leaders, abandoning European perspective and favoring flat compositions filled with gilded nature and Incan motifs.
 
Terms:
Cuzco (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,A)
Cuzco (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Cuzco (Spanish-P,D,U,U)
Cuzco Circle (C,U,LC,English,UF,U,U)
庫斯科 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
kù sī kē (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
ku si ke (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
k'u ssu k'o (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  F.FL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Styles and Periods Facet
Styles and Periods Facet
Hierarchy of Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)
.... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <styles, periods, and cultures by region>
........ <styles, periods, and cultures by region> (G)
Hierarchy of Americas, The
............ Americas, The (G)
Hierarchy of Latin American
................ Latin American (G)
Hierarchy of Colonial Latin American styles
.................... Colonial Latin American styles (G)
Hierarchy of Colonial Latin American fine arts styles
........................ Colonial Latin American fine arts styles (G)
Hierarchy of Cuzco
............................ Cuzco (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 指十六至十九世紀在庫斯科地區,由參與各個族群本源運動(ethnic origins active)的秘魯畫家所創造出的繪畫風格。其特徵為使用在地傳統,並受到荷蘭晚期哥德藝術的影響。庫斯科風格中,使用強烈明暗對照法之畫家,通常為受教於西班牙著名畫家的印第安人。更晚期,印第安畫家在當地領袖的贊助下,開始創作一種獨立於西班牙和克里奧爾傳統的風格,揚棄了歐洲的透視法,偏愛平面的構圖,且伴隨著以金箔修飾的特質及印加文化母題。 
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar de stijl van schilderen die opkwam onder Peruaanse schilders van uiteenlopende etnische herkomst die actief waren in Cuzco van de 16de tot de 19de eeuw. De stijl wordt gekenmerkt door inheemse tradities met invloeden van Nederlandse late gotische kunst. Opvallende chiaroscuro-schilders in de Cuzco-stijl waren vaak indianen die les hadden gevolgd bij Spaanse meesters. Later begonnen indiaanse schilders te werken in stijlen waarbij de Spaanse en creoolse traditie werd losgelaten, met steun van lokale leiders. Hierbij ging het Europese perspectief verloren en bestond een voorkeur voor vlakke composities met sierlijke natuur- en incamotieven. 
Spanish ..... Se refiere al estilo de pintura que surgió de los pintores peruanos de diversos orígenes étnicos activos en Cuzco desde el siglo XVI al XIX. Se caracteriza por el uso de tradiciones indígenas influenciado por el Arte Gótico Tardío de los Países Bajos. Los pintores del impresionante claroscuro en el estilo Cuzco eran a menudo indios entrenados por maestros españoles. Posteriormente, los pintores indios empezaron a trabajar en estilos independientes de los españoles y de las tradiciones criollas bajo el patrocinio de líderes locales, abandonando la perspectiva europea y privilegiando composiciones planas llenas de naturaleza dorada y motivos incaicos. 

Sources and Contributors:
庫斯科............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 August 7, 2012
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 August 7, 2012
Cuzco............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, GCI Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
..............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
..............  AATA database (2002-) 122568 checked 26 January 2012
..............  Aguirre, Los primeros americanos y sus descendientes (1988) 286
..............  Castedo, History of Latin American Art (1969)
..............  Kubler and Soria, Art and Architecture in Spain (1959) 425
..............  Oxford Companion to Art (1984)
..............  Precolumbiaans aardewerk (1968)
Cuzco Circle............  [VP]
.......................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
ku si ke............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
kù sī kē............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
k'u ssu k'o............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  TELDAP database (2009-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 122568 checked 26 January 2012
............  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) Cuzco School of painting
............  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) "Cuzco School" Accessed 6/21/00; Cuzco School of painting
............  Precolumbiaans aardewerk (1968)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Precolumbiaans aardewerk (1968)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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