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ID: 300014036
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300014036

 

Record Type: concept
esparto (fiber) (plant fiber, natural fiber, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: The fiber of the grass species Macrochloa tenacissima, used to make cordage, shoes, and paper. It is sometimes used in combination with the poorer quality with fiber from another species of tall grass, Lygeum spartum. Esparto fibers are used extensively in England and Scotland for the production of paper, but rarely used in the U.S. because wood pulp is plentiful there.
 
Terms:
esparto (fiber) (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,N)
esparto (vezel) (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
esparto (fiber) (Spanish-P,D,U,U)
alfa (esparto fiber) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
伊斯帕托草 (纖維) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
北非茅草 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
灰綠針草 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
針茅纖維 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
北非針茅 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
yī sī pà tuō cǎo (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
yi si pa tuo cao (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
i ssu p'a t'o ts'ao (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by form>
............ <materials by form> (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by physical form>
................ <materials by physical form> (G)
Hierarchy of <fiber and fiber by product>
.................... <fiber and fiber by product> (G)
Hierarchy of fiber
........................ fiber (G)
Hierarchy of natural fiber
............................ natural fiber (G)
Hierarchy of plant fiber
................................ plant fiber (G)
Hierarchy of esparto (fiber)
.................................... esparto (fiber) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 草本植物細莖針茅的纖維,用於製作繩索、鞋子與紙張,有時會與取自另一個高大草本物種疏散利堅草、品質較差的纖維混合使用;在英格蘭與蘇格蘭地區廣泛用於紙張的製造,但在美國極少用到,因為美國的木質紙漿非常充足。 
Dutch ..... De vezel van één van twee Spaanse en Algerijnse grassoorten (Macrochloa tenacissima en Lygeum spartum), die vooral wordt gebruikt voor het maken van touwwerk, schoenen en papier. 
Spanish ..... Fibras de gramíneas atocha y albardín (Macrochloa tenacissima y Lygeum spartum), utilizadas especialmente para fabricar cuerdas, zapatos y papel. 

Related concepts:
derived/made from ....  Macrochloa tenacissima (species)
................................  (Macrochloa (genus), Poaceae (family), ... Living Organisms (hierarchy name)) [300375472]

Sources and Contributors:
伊斯帕托草 (纖維)............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.......................  藝術名詞與技法辭典 159
北非茅草............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 October 9, 2011
灰綠針草............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 October 9, 2011
針茅纖維............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
北非針茅............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
alfa (esparto fiber)............  [VP]
...................................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1986) 581
esparto (fiber)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, GCI Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.............................  AATA database (2002-) 123391 checked 26 January 2012
.............................  ADAG, Glossary for Technique, Medium, and Support (1984)
.............................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977) 560
.............................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1986) 581
.............................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.............................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969)
.............................  Rico y Martínez, Diccionario Técnico Akal de conservación y restauración de bienes culturales, español-alemán-inglés-italiano-francés (2003) 86
.............................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
.............................  Webster's 9th New Collegiate Dictionary (1985)
.............................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
i ssu p'a t'o ts'ao............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
yi si pa tuo cao............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
yī sī pà tuō cǎo............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 123391 checked 26 January 2012
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
.......... Webster's 9th New Collegiate Dictionary (1985)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC, VP]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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