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ID: 300020541
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300020541

 

Record Type: concept
Imperial (Roman) (Roman (ancient Italian culture or period), Ancient Italian, ... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to the period in history and the style of art that developed when the Roman Republic ceased to exist and Rome expanded its territory and was ruled by emperors. The period is generally considered to begin with Octavian's victory at the Battle of Actium in 31 BCE, and to last through the rule of the Severans. For later emperors, see "Late Antique." For the period and culture of the Holy Roman Empire, use "Holy Roman Imperial." Note that some classifications include the Tetrarchic, Constantinian, and the Holy Roman Empire in the "Roman Empire."
 
Terms:
Imperial (Roman) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,A)
Imperial (romano) (Spanish-P,D,U,U)
Imperial Roman (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
Roman Empire (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
帝國的 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
帝國風格 (古代義大利風格) (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
帝國式 (古代義大利風格) (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
dì guó de (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
di guo de (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
ti kuo te (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
Imperiaal (Romeins) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  F.FL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Styles and Periods Facet
Styles and Periods Facet
Hierarchy of Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)
.... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <styles, periods, and cultures by region>
........ <styles, periods, and cultures by region> (G)
Hierarchy of Early Western World
............ Early Western World (G)
Hierarchy of Mediterranean (Early Western World)
................ Mediterranean (Early Western World) (G)
Hierarchy of Ancient Italian
.................... Ancient Italian (G)
Hierarchy of Roman (ancient Italian culture or period)
........................ Roman (ancient Italian culture or period) (G)
Hierarchy of Imperial (Roman)
............................ Imperial (Roman) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 指稱在羅馬共和國滅亡之際,而羅馬正受皇帝們統治並正在拓展其領土時所發展出的歷史時代與藝術風格。一般認為此一時代始於屋大維(Octavian)西元前31年在亞克辛木戰爭中奏捷,一直延續至塞維魯王朝 (Severans)的統治時期為止。自此之後的皇帝統治時期,請參閱「晚期古羅馬風格」(Late Antique)一詞。值得注意的是,某些分期系統將四分領太守風格(Tetrarchic)、君士坦丁風格(Constantinian),以及神聖羅馬帝國風格(Holy Roman Empire)都歸納在「羅馬帝國風格」(Roman Empire)類別之中。 
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar de periode in de geschiedenis, en de stijl in de kunst die zich ontwikkelde toen de Romeinse Republiek ophield te bestaan en Rome zijn gebieden uitbreidde en werd geregeerd door keizers. Als beginpunt van de periode wordt algemeen beschouwd de overwinning van Octavianus in de slag bij Actium in 31 v. Chr. en als eindpunt de heerschappij van de Severianen. Zie ‘laat-antiek’ voor latere keizers.Let op: sommige classificatiesystemen rekenen de Tetrachie, Constantius en het Heilige Roomse rijk tot het Romeinse Rijk. 
Spanish ..... Se refiere al período en la historia y el estilo de arte que se desarrolló cuando la República Romana dejó de existir y Roma expandió su territorio y fue gobernada por emperadores. Generalmente se considera que el período comienza con la victoria de Octavio en la Batalla de Actium en el 31 a.C. y que duró hasta el fin del gobierno de los Severos. Para los emperadores posteriores, vea "Antigüedad Tardía". Note que algunas clasificaciones incluyen la Tetrarquía, Constantino y el Santo Imperio Romano en el "Imperio Romano." 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  Holy Roman Imperial
..................................  (European, <styles, periods, and cultures by region>, Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)) [300395490]
distinguished from ....  Late Antique
..................................  (Roman (ancient Italian culture or period), Ancient Italian, ... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)) [300020666]

Sources and Contributors:
帝國的............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
帝國風格 (古代義大利風格)............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
帝國式 (古代義大利風格)............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..........................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
di guo de............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
dì guó de............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Imperiaal (Romeins)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
...................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
Imperial (Roman)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.............................  AATA database (2002-) 124923 checked 26 January 2012
.............................  Avery Index (1963-) Imperial
.............................  Brilliant, Roman Art (1974) 12; Imperial
.............................  Gardner's Art Through the Ages (1986) 228; Imperial
.............................  Historia del Arte (1984) vol. 2:222
.............................  Janson, History of Art (1986) 179; Imperial
Imperial Roman............  [VP]
.............................  Grove Art Online (2008-)
Roman Empire............  [VP]
.......................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Roman Empire." Accessed 06/03/99.
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
.......................  Hornblower and Spawforth, Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (1998) 613
.......................  Langer, Encyclopedia of World History (1980) 112
ti kuo te............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 124923 checked 26 January 2012
............  Avery Index (1963-) architecture--Imperial (Roman)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Brilliant, Roman Art (1974)
.......... Janson, History of Art (1986)
.......... Whaley, Germany and the Holy Roman Empire (2012)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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