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ID: 300011801
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300011801

 

Record Type: concept
egg (material) (<animal material by egg and egg components>, <animal material by form or function>, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Material derived from eggs, which in the context of art materials are usually the ellipsoidal shell and embryonic contents produced by birds. For paintings, the egg contents are used as a tempera medium. The whole egg, yolk, or white may be used sometimes mixed with oil and/or resin. The egg yolk is a stable emulsion of an aqueous liquid with an oily, proteinaceous medium which dries quickly into a hard, insoluble film. Egg white has been used as a medium for illuminated manuscripts. It is also used as a size for attaching gold leaf. Albumen is the adhesive substance of egg white. As a pure film, albumen is clear, brittle, and water soluble. Water solubility can be decreased by heating or adding tannin. For the exterior of a bird egg comprising the brittle shell composed of keratin and calcite, use "eggshell (animal material)."
 
Terms:
egg (material) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,N)
(C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
dàn (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
dan (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
tan (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
ei (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Eier (C,U,German,D,PN)
Ei (C,U,German-P,AD,SN)
huevo (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by origin>
............ <materials by origin> (G)
Hierarchy of biological material
................ biological material (G)
Hierarchy of animal material
.................... animal material (G)
Hierarchy of <animal material by form or function>
........................ <animal material by form or function> (G)
Hierarchy of <animal material by egg and egg components>
............................ <animal material by egg and egg components> (G)
Hierarchy of egg (material)
................................ egg (material) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 鳥類以及大部分爬蟲類等特定動物的雌性所生產的略圓生殖體,由一個卵細胞及其蛋白包膜、膠狀物、薄膜、卵囊或卵殼所組成。 
Dutch ..... Materiaal afgeleid van eieren, dat in de context van kunstmaterialen meestal de ellipsoïde schil en embryonale inhoud geproduceerd door vogels is. Voor schilderijen wordt de ei-inhoud gebruikt als een temperamedium. Het hele ei, dooier of wit kan soms worden gemengd met olie en / of hars. De eigeel is een stabiele emulsie van een waterige vloeistof met een olieachtig, proteïneachtig medium dat snel in een harde, onoplosbare film droogt. Eiwit werd gebruikt als medium voor verluchte manuscripten. Het wordt ook gebruikt als maat voor het bevestigen van bladgoud. Albumen is de kleefstof van eiwit. Als pure film is het albumine helder, broos en oplosbaar in water. De oplosbaarheid in water kan worden verlaagd door te verwarmen of tannine toe te voegen. Voor de buitenzijde van een vogelei bestaande uit de brosse schaal van keratine en calciet, gebruik "eischaal (dierlijk materiaal)." 
German ..... Rundliche Fortpflanzungsobjekte, durch das weibliche Exemplar von Vögel und Reptilien produziert, bestehend aus einer Eizelle und den Umhüllung von Eiweiss, Gelee, Membran, Eihülle oder Muschel. 
Spanish ..... Cuerpos reproductivos redondeados producidos por las hembras de algunos animales como aves y la mayoría de los reptiles, que están compuestos de un óvulo y su envoltura de albúmina, gelatina, membrana, envoltura del huevo o cáscara. 

Related concepts:
constituent of ....  egg-oil tempera
..........................  (tempera, water-base paint, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300183742]
constituent of ....  egg tempera
..........................  (tempera, water-base paint, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300015064]
produced/processed by ....  eggs (biological bodies)
........................................  (animal components, biological components, ... Components (hierarchy name)) [300395680]
related to ....  eggshell (animal material)
..................  (<egg components as materials>, <animal material by egg and egg components>, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300191893]

Sources and Contributors:
蛋............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
........  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 28 July, 2014 August 10, 2010
........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 August 20, 2012
........  智慧藏百科全書網 August 20, 2012
dan............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  TELDAP database (2009-)
dàn............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  TELDAP database (2009-)
egg (material)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.............................  AATA database (2002-) 123117 checked 26 January 2012
.............................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969) 125
.............................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
.............................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
ei............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
...........  AAT-Ned (1994-)
Ei............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
...........  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/rechtschreibung/Ei
...........  DWDS - Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [online] (2008-) http://dwds.de/?qu=Ei
...........  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4013700-4
Eier............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
...........  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/rechtschreibung/Ei
huevo............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
..............  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) I:1513
tan............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  TELDAP database (2009-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 123117 checked 26 January 2012
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-) accessed 8 January 2015
.......... Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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