Hague Convention: Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict (1954)

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

The Convention seeks to ensure that cultural property, both movable and immovable, is safeguarded and respected as the common heritage of humankind. The Convention encourages parties to prevent theft and vandalism of cultural property and proposes a distinctive blue and white shield-shaped emblem to identify protected cultural property. As with the Roerich Pact, cultural property and cultural institutions are to be protected in armed conflicts between States or between parties of the same State as long as they are not put to military purposes. Special protection is to be given to those properties that are listed on the "International Register of Cultural Property under Special Protection".