Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (EERI), a national nonprofit technical society of engineers, geoscientists, architects, planners, public officials, and social scientists.

Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). The FEMA Hazard Mitigation Grant Program offers a framework for protecting US historic structures from natural disasters.

Institute of Disaster Mitigation for Urban Cultural Heritage, Ritsumeikan University, a hub in Japan for education and research in disaster mitigation for cultural heritage.

International Scientific Committee on Risk Preparedness (ICORP), a technical committee of the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS).

International Scientific Committee on the Analysis and Restoration of Structures of Architectural Heritage (ISCARSAH), a technical committee of the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS).

NIKER Project. This European project aims at developing and validating innovative technologies and tools for systemic improvement of seismic behavior of cultural heritage assets.

Reducing Disasters Risks at World Heritage Properties, a strategy for risk reduction approved by the World Heritage Committee in 2007.

USGS Earthquake Hazards Program monitors and reports earthquakes, assesses earthquake impacts and hazards, and researches the causes and effects of earthquakes.


Between Two Earthquakes: Cultural Property in Seismic Zones, by Bernard M. Feilden (1987), Rome: ICCROM; Marina del Rey, CA: Getty Conservation Institute.

California Historical Building Code, by California Building Standards Commission (2010), Sacramento: California Building Standards Commission.

Canterbury Earthquakes Royal Commission Final Report, vol. 4: “Earthquake-Prone Buildings,” by Canterbury Earthquakes Royal Commission (2012), Wellington, New Zealand: Canterbury Earthquakes Royal Commission.

Controlling Disaster: Earthquake-Hazard Reduction for Historic Buildings, by Rachel S. Cox (2001), Washington, DC: National Trust for Historic Preservation.

Earthen Architecture Initiative Seismic Retrofitting Project: A Bibliography, edited by Claudia Cancino, Sara Lardinois, Tim Michiels, and Poornima Balakrishnan (2014), Los Angeles: Getty Conservation Institute.

“Earthen Structures: Assessing Seismic Damage, Performance, and Interventions,” by Frederick A. Webster, in Terra Literature Review: An Overview of Research in Earthen Architecture Conservation, edited by Erica Avrami, Hubert Guillaud, and Mary Hardy (2008), Los Angeles: Getty Conservation Institute.

International Journal of Architectural Heritage 9, no. 4: “Conservation, Analysis, and Restoration” (2015), Abingdon, UK: Taylor and Francis.

Managing Disaster Risks for World Heritage, by UNESCO, ICCROM, ICOMOS, and IUCN (2010), Paris: UNESCO.

Planning and Engineering Guidelines for the Seismic Retrofitting of Historic Adobe Structures, by E. Leroy Tolles, Edna E. Kimbro, and William S. Ginell (2002), Los Angeles: Getty Conservation Institute.

Proceedings of the International Conferences on the Conservation of Earthen Architecture: 1990, 1993, 2000, and 2008.

Proceedings of the International Conferences on the Structural Analysis of Historical Constructions: 1997, 1998, 2005, 2007, 2008, 2010, 2012, and 2014.

The Seismic Retrofit of Historic Buildings: Keeping Preservation in the Forefront, by David W. Look, Terry Wong, and Sylvia Rose Augustus, Preservation Briefs 41 (1997), Washington, DC: Technical Preservation Services, National Park Service, US Department of the Interior.

Seismic Retrofitting Project: Assessment of Prototype Buildings, 2 vols., by Claudia Cancino, Sara Lardinois, Dina D’Ayala, Carina Fonseca Ferreira, Daniel Torrealva Dávila, Erika Vicente Meléndez, and Luis Villacorta Santamato (2012), Los Angeles: Getty Conservation Institute.

The Survey of Earthquake Damaged Non- Engineered Structures: A Field Guide by EEFIT, by Richard Hughes and Zygmunt A. Lubkowski (2000), London: Earthquake Engineering Field Investigation Team.

A Tutorial: Improving the Seismic Performance of Stone Masonry Buildings, by Jitendra Bothara and Svetlana Brzev (2011), Oakland, CA: Earthquake Engineering Research Institute.

Twenty Tools That Protect Historic Resources after an Earthquake: Lessons Learned from the Northridge Earthquake, by Jeffrey Eichenfield (1996), Oakland, CA: California Preservation Foundation.

Uniform Code for Building Conservation, by International Conference of Building Officials (1991), Whittier, CA: International Conference of Building Officials.