Volume 23.1

On the Cover
General Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1945 inspecting art looted by the Germans and stored in the Merkers salt mine during World War II (behind him are General Omar N. Bradley, left, and Lieutenant General George S. Patton Jr., right). During the war, the United States created the Monuments, Fine Arts, and Archives (MFAA) teams—composed of cultural heritage experts—in order to protect and salvage cultural sites in the war zone. Toward the end of the war, MFAA teams were given the monumental task of cataloguing and returning the thousands of looted objects to their countries of origin. Photo: Courtesy of U.S. National Archives.