Heritage Management in Africa
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The conical tower and stone outer walls of the Great Enclosure of Great Zimbabwe, the largest single ancient structure in sub-Saharan Africa. Great Zimbabwe, believed built by a Shona population between the 11th and 15th centuries, was an important trading center at its height. In the late 19th century, Europeans pillaged the site, and until Zimbabwe's independence in 1980, genuine archaeological scholarship about the site's history was censored by the government. Only recently has the sacred natural water fountain on the site been reopened and the local community permitted access to it. Photos: Neville Agnew.