The J. Paul Getty Museum

The Apostle Simon

Object Details

Title:

The Apostle Simon

Artist/Maker:

Anthony van Dyck (Flemish, 1599 - 1641)

Culture:

Flemish

Date:

about 1618

Medium:

Oil on panel

Object Number:

85.PB.99

Dimensions:

63.8 × 47.9 cm (25 1/8 × 18 7/8 in.)

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Object Description

Inspired by a series of apostles that Rubens painted in 1610 for the Duke of Lerma, Spain's chief minister, Anthony van Dyck set about making his own similar series, including this painting of the Apostle Simon. Simon is shown bust-length, his head turned so that his profile is "lost" or partially obscured by shadow. His left hand rests on a saw, the instrument of his martyrdom. Light falls from the top left, creating highlights and deep shadows across his head, face, hand, and clothing. Draperies are broadly painted and richly colored, while the apostle's hair, eyebrows, and beard are finely painted to convey their wavy, silky texture.

Provenance
Provenance
- 1660

Possibly William Verhagen (Antwerp, Belgium)

about 1660 -

Possibly Carel van den Bosch, bishop of Bruges (Bruges, Belgium)

- probably 1693

Possibly Prosper Henry Lankrink (L.2090), possibly 1628 - 1692 (London, England) [possibly sold to Robert Spencer, Lanckrinck sale, London, January 23, 1693, lot 110, "The 12 Apostles, and our Saviour," by Van Dyck.]

probably 1693 - 1702

Robert Spencer, 2nd earl of Sunderland, 1640 - 1702 (Althorp, Northamptonshire, England), by inheritance to Charles Spencer, 1702.

1702 - 1722

Charles Spencer, 3rd earl of Sunderland, 1674 - 1722 (Althorp, Northamptonshire, England), by inheritance to Robert Spencer, 1722.

1722 - 1729

Robert Spencer, 4th earl of Sunderland, 1701 - 1729 (Althorp, Northamptonshire, England), by inheritance to Charles Spencer, 1729.

1729 - 1744

Charles Spencer, 3rd duke of Marlborough, 1706 - 1758 (Althorp, Northamptonshire, England), by inheritance to his younger brother of Marlborough; Althorp and its contents passed to John Spencer when his brother inherited Marlborough title.

1744 - 1746

John Spencer (L.1532, L.1531), British, 1708 - 1746 (Althorp, Northamptonshire, England), by inheritance to John Spencer, 1746.

1746 - 1783

John Spencer, 1st earl Spencer, 1734 - 1783 (Althorp, Northamptonshire, England), by inheritance to George John Spencer, 1783.

1783 - 1834

George John Spencer, 2nd earl Spencer (L.1532), British, 1758 - 1834 (Althorp, Northamptonshire, England), by inheritance to John Charles Spencer, 1834.

1834 - 1845

John Charles Spencer, 3rd earl Spencer, 1782 - 1845 (Althorp, Northamptonshire, England), by inheritance to Frederick Spencer, 1845.

1845 - 1857

Frederick Spencer, 4th earl Spencer, 1798 - 1857 (Althorp, Northamptonshire, England), by inheritance to John Poyntz Spencer, 1857.

1857 - 1910

John Poyntz Spencer, 5th earl Spencer, 1835 - 1910 (Althorp, Northamptonshire, England), by inheritance to Charles Robert Spencer, 1910.

1910 - 1922

Charles Robert Spencer, 6th earl Spencer, 1857 - 1922 (Althorp, Northamptonshire, England), by inheritance to Albert Edward John Spencer, 1922.

1922 - 1975

Albert Edward John Spencer, 7th earl Spencer, 1892 - 1975 (Althorp, Northamptonshire, England), by inheritance to Edward John Spencer, 1975.

1975 - about 1984

Edward John Spencer, 8th earl Spencer, 1924 - 1992 (Althorp, Northamptonshire, England)

- 1985

Trustees of the Lewis Family Settlement (London, England), sold through P & D Colnaghi & Co., Ltd. (London), to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1985.

Exhibitions
Exhibitions
Treasures from Althorp (1970)
  • Victoria and Albert Museum (London), 1970
Art, Commerce, Scholarship: A Window onto the Art World: Colnaghi, 1760-1984 (November 7 to December 15, 1984)
  • P. & D. Colnaghi & Co., Ltd., London, November 7 to December 15, 1984
Rembrandt's Late Religious Portraits (January 30 to August 28, 2005)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), June 7 to August 28, 2005
Bibliography
Bibliography

A Catalogue of the Pictures in the Collection of Mr. Lanckrinck, lately Deceased. January 23, 1693, p. 6, lot 110 ("The Twelve Apostles, and our Saviour, by Van Dyck").

Dibdin, Thomas Frognall. Aedes Althorpianae; or an Account of the Mansion, Books, and Pictures at Althorp (London: W. Nicol, 1822), p. 275.

Catalogue of the Pictures at Althorp House, in the County of Northampton, with Occasional Notices, Biographical or Historical (privately printed). (1851), p. 63, no. 258.

Galesloot, L. "Un procès pour une vente de tableaux attribués à Antoine van Dyck 1600-1622." Annales de l'Académie Royale d'Archéologie de Belgique 24 (1868), pp. 561-606.

Cust, Lionel. Anthony van Dyck: An Historical Study of His Life and Works (London: George Bell and Sons, 1900), p. 233, under no. 9.

Bode, Wilhelm von. Rembrandt und seine Zeitgenossen (Leipzig: E.A. Seemann, 1906), p. 257.

Schaeffer, Emil. "Van Dyck." Klassiker der Kunst 13 (1909), pp. 4, 495, ill.

Woermann, Karl. "Anton van Dyck's frühe Apostelfolge." Von Apelles zu Böcklin und Weirer 2 (Esslingen: 1912), pp. 24, 30.

Haberditzl, Franz Martin. "Anton van Dyck." In Allgemeines Lexikon der bildenden Künstler von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart. Ulrich Thieme and Felix Becker, eds. 37 vols. (Leipzig: Seeman, 1907-50), vol. 10 (1914), p. 264.

Oldenbourg, Rudolf. "Studien zu van Dyck." Münchner Jahrbuch der Bildenden Kunst 3 (1914-15), pp. 225, 227-28, 230-31.

Glück, Gustav. "Van Dycks Apostelfolge." Festschrift für Max J. Friedländer zum 60 Geburtstage (Leipzig: Verlag von E. A. Seeman, 1927), pp. 130-47 (1933 ed., pp. 288-302).

Rosenbaum, Heinrich. Der Junge van Dyck (1615-21) (Munich: J. B. Grassi, 1928), pp. 36-45.

Dobroklonsky, M. "Van Dycks Zeichungen in der Eremitage." Zeirschrift für Bildende Kunst 64 (1930-31), p. 241.

"Editorial: P. H. Lankrink's Collection." Burlington Magazine 86, no. 502 (January 1945), p. 31, no. 110.

Puyvelde, Leo van. Van Dyck (Brussels: Elsevier, 1950), pp. 121-22.

Treasures from Althorp, exh cat. (London: Victoria and Albert Museum, 1970), unpaginated, no. 2.

Garlick, Kenneth J., ed. Walpole Society 45, A Catalogue of Pictures at Althorp (1974-76), pp. 19, 103, 107, 122, no. 141, pl. 6, fig. 141.

Larsen, Erik. L'opera completa di Van Dyck, 1626-1641. 2 vols. (Milan: Rizzoli, 1980), vol. 2, p. 88, no. 46, ill.

McNairn, Alan, ed. The Young van Dyck, exh. cat. (Ottawa: National Gallery of Canada, 1980), pp. 39-40, 44.

Brown, Christopher. Van Dyck (Oxford: Phaidon, 1982), pp. 12-13, fig. 3.

Roland, Margaret. "Some Thoughts on van Dyck's Apostle Series." In Essays on van Dyck (Ottawa: National Gallery of Canada, 1983), pp. 23-26, fig. 5.

Roland, Margaret. "Van Dyck's Early Workshop, the Apostle Series, and the Drunken Silenus." Art Bulletin 64, no. 2 (June 1984), pp. 211-18.

Garstang, Donald, ed. Art, Commerce, Scholarship: A Window into the Art World; Colnaghi 1760-1984, exh. cat. (London: P. & D. Colnaghi & Co: 1984), pp. 149-53, no. 41, entry by Donald Garstang.

Verdi, Richard. "Exhibitions Reviews--London Old Master Exhibitions." Burlington Magazine 127, no. 982 (January 1985), p. 52.

"Acquisitions/1985." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 14 (1986), p. 195, no. 68.

Hoving, Thomas. "Money and Masterpieces." Connoisseur 216, no. 899 (December 1986), p. 98.

Reinewald, Chris. "Musea en Galeries in Amerika: Het Getty Museum; Een Romeinse villa aan de Pacific Coast." Tableau 9, no. 4 (February 1987), pp. 65, 67.

Larsen, Erik. The Paintings of Anthony van Dyck. 2 vols. (Freren: Luca Verlag, 1988), vol. 1, pp. 137, 139, fig. 33.

Larsen, Erik. The Paintings of Anthony van Dyck. 2 vols. (Freren: Luca Verlag, 1988), vol. 2, p. 90, no. 202.

Hall, Nicholas H. J., ed. Colnaghi in America: A Survey to Commemorate the First Decade of Colnaghi New York (New York: Colnaghi, 1992), p. 130.

Mitchell, Paul, and Lynn Roberts. Frameworks: Form, Function and Ornament in European Portrait Frames (London: P. Mitchell, 1996), pp. 59-61, fig. 29.

Jaffé, David. Summary Catalogue of European Paintings in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 38, ill.

Barnes, Susan, Nora de Poorter, Oliver Millar, and Horst Vey, eds. Van Dyck: A Complete Catalogue of the Paintings (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2003), pp. 79-80, no. I.78, ill.

Christie's, London. Old Masters & 19th Century Art. July 7, 2009, pp. 88, 90, under lot 37, fig. 2.

Vergara, Alejandro, and Friso Lammertse, eds. The Young Van Dyck, exh. cat. (Madrid: Museo Nacional del Prado, 2012), pp. 192-93, under no. 36, entry by José Juan Pérez Preciado; 196, under no. 38, entry by José Juan Pérez Preciado; 209, 211, entry by Friso Lammertse, fig. 73.