The J. Paul Getty Museum

Christ on the Cross with the Virgin, Saint John the Evangelist, and Saint Catherine of Siena in Adoration

Object Details

Title:

Christ on the Cross with the Virgin, Saint John the Evangelist, and Saint Catherine of Siena in Adoration

Artist/Maker:

Marco Pino (Italian (Neapolitan), 1521 - 1583)

Culture:

Italian

Date:

about 1570

Medium:

Oil on panel

Object Number:

73.PB.140

Dimensions:

181.6 × 120.7 cm (71 1/2 × 47 1/2 in.)

Credit Line:

Gift of Alfred S. Karlsen

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Object Description

Against an open, hilly landscape, the lifeless body of Christ hangs from a wood cross, his slumped head, open mouth and tense muscles capture the dramatic moment of his death. The monumental figures of the Virgin (left) and Saint John the Evangelist (right) stand at his side and in the lower right corner of the painting appears Saint Catherine of Siena, the eminent fourteenth-century female member of the Dominican Order. Hands folded in prayer with the wounds of her stigmata visible on her palms, the Saint is depicted half-length, holding a lily (symbol of purity) and a small crucifix. According to her contemporary biography, Catherine received her stigmata during a vision of the crucified Christ. Her half-length figure in the foreground of the painting plays an important narrative role within the composition: Catherine is both protagonist and witness to the story, and acts as an intermediary between earthly observer and holy figures. The painting’s spiritual dimension and mystic character is enhanced through the tempestuous sky. This large panel probably originally functioned as an altarpiece, possibly in a private chapel or a monastic interior.

Provenance
Provenance
by 1957 -

Leger Galleries (London, England)

mid 1960s - 1973

Alfred S. Karlsen (Beverly Hills, California) [unsold, Karlsen sale, Christie's, London, November 19, 1971, lot 80], donated to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1973.

Bibliography
Bibliography

Zeri, Federico. Pittura e controriforma: L'arte senza tempo' di Scipione da Gaeta (Turin: Giulio Einaudi, 1957), pp. 32, 39-40, fig. 23.

Borea, Evelina. "Grazia e furia in Marco Pino." Paragone 13, no. 151 (July 1962), p. 38.

Christie, Manson & Woods, London. Fine Pictures by Old Masters. November 19, 1971, p. 25, lot 80, pl. V.

Fredericksen, Burton B. "Recent Gifts of Paintings." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 3 (1976), pp. 103-4, fig. 1.

Calí, Maria. Da Michelangelo all'Escorial: Momenti del dibattito religioso nell'arte del Cinquecento (Turin: Giulio Einaudi, 1980), p. 193.

Bartalini, Roberto. "Marco Pino." In Da Sodoma a Marco Pino: Pittori a Siena nella prima metà del Cinquecento. Fiorella Sricchia Santoro, ed. (Siena: Palazzo Chigi Saracini, 1988), pp. 193-94, fig. 117.

Leone de Castris, Pierluigi. Pittura del Cinquecento a Napoli: 1540-1573 Fasto e devozione (Naples: Electa Napoli, 1996), p. 229n26.

Jaffé, David. Summary Catalogue of European Paintings in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 96, ill.

Pavone, Mario Alberto. "Dal Rinascimento meridionale al tardomanierismo: protagonisti e comprimari." In I dipinti dal Quattrocento al Settecento. Mario Alberto Pavone and Matilde Romito, eds. (Salerno: Pinacoteca Provinciale di Salerno, 2001), p. 51.

Zezza, Andrea. Marco Pino: L'opera completa (Naples: Electa Napoli, 2003), pp. 10, 172, 174, 263, no. A.17, fig. IV.11; p. 333, under no. E.45.