The J. Paul Getty Museum

Tureen, Liner and Stand (one of a pair)

Object Details

Title:

Tureen, Liner and Stand (one of a pair)

Artists/Makers:

Thomas Germain (French, 1673 - 1748, master 1720)

arms added by François-Thomas Germain (French, 1726 - 1791)

Culture:

French

Place:

Paris, France (Place Created)

Date:

1726–1729

Medium:

Silver

Object Number:

82.DG.12.1

Dimensions:

17.1 × 46.7 × 25.7 cm, 8620 g (6 3/4 × 18 3/8 × 10 1/8 in., 277.139 ozt.)

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Provenance
Provenance
? 1729 - 1753

Possibly Jacques-Samuel Bernard, Comte de Coubert, French, 1686 - 1753 (in the salle à manger of his hôtel, 46 rue du Bac, Paris, France)
Source: Listed in his posthumous inventory as "802. Two large terrines carried by wild boars, lids [with] different animals and fruits, two large oval dishes." Archives Nationales, Minutier central LXXXVIII, 629, 13 Aug 1753. Info Michèle Bimbenet-Privat.

1764

François-Thomas Germain, French, 1726 - 1791, when the Melo e Castro coats of arms were applied.

1764 - 1795

Martinho de Melo e Castro, Portuguese, 1716 - 1795, Secretary of State to King José I (reigned 1750-1777) and subsequently to Queen Maria I (reigned 1777-1816), Portuguese representative at the peace negotitations to end the Seven Years War held in Paris 1763 (residing 1762-1763 at the Hôtel Bernard, 46 rue du Bac); by inheritance to his nephew, Dom Francisco de Almeida de Melo e Castro.
Source: Listed in his posthumous inventory 14 Sept 1796, their lids with artichokes, cauliflowers, birds, crustaceans, and shrimp (these lids were probably lost at the beginning of the nineteenth century). Info Exposição de Arte Francesa exh cat (Lisbon 1934): 82

1795 - 1819

Dom Francisco de Almeida de Melo e Castro, sixth Conde das Galveias, Portuguese, 1758 - 1819, by inheritance to his son, Dom António Francisco Lobo Almeida de Melo e Castro de Saldanha e Beja. The tureens were valued at 645$443 réis and the stands at 236$310 réis in 1795.
Source: Magalhães, João. "The Portuguese History of the Melo e Castro Pots à Oille." Sotheby's, New York. The Tureen "aux Ecrevisses" by Thomas Germain. October 25, 2019, lot 690, p. 75.

1819 - 1871

Dom António Francisco Lobo Almeida de Melo e Castro de Saldanha e Beja, seventh Conde das Galveias, Portuguese, 1795 - 1871, by inheritance to his son, Dom Francisco Xavier Lobo de Almeida de Melo e Castro.

1871 - 1892

Dom Francisco Xavier Lobo de Almeida de Melo e Castro, eighth Conde das Galveias, Portuguese, 1824 - 1892, by inheritance within the family to his half-sister, Thereza Lobo de Almeida de Melo e Castro de Vilhena (Galveias).

by 1934 - 1956

Dona Thereza Lobo de Almeida de Melo e Castro de Vilhena (Galveias), Portuguese, 1864 - 1956, by inheritance within the family to Dom José Lobo de Almeida Melo e Castro.

- 1975

Dom José Lobo de Almeida Melo e Castro, eleventh Conde das Galveias, Portuguese, 1923 - 1998 (Cascais, Lisbon, Portugal) [sold, Christie's, Geneva, November 11, 1975, no. 230 to Jean Rossignol]
Source: Magalhães, João. "The Portuguese History of the Melo e Castro Pots à Oille." Sotheby's, New York. The Tureen "aux Ecrevisses" by Thomas Germain. October 25, 2019, lot 690, p. 75.

1975 - 1982

Jean Rossignol (Geneva, Switzerland), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1982.

Exhibitions
Exhibitions
Exposição de Arte Francesa, Especialmente de Ourivesaria do Século XVIII (May to June 1934) (lent by Ex.ma Sr.a D. Thereza Lobo de Almeida de Melo e Castro de Vilhena)
  • Museu Nacional de Arte Antiga (Lisbon), May to June 1934
Les trésors de l'orfèvrerie du Portugal (November 1954 to January 1955) (lent by Mme. T. de Melo de Castro de Vilhena (Galveias), Lisbon)
  • Musée des Arts Décoratifs (Paris), November 1954 to January 1955
Casting Nature: François-Thomas Germain's Machine d'Argent (July 11, 2006 to March 25, 2007)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), July 11, 2006 to March 25, 2007
Wild Boars and Peaches: A reunion of two French 18th-century artists. The J. Paul Getty Museum & Nationalmuseum (April 1, 2007 to January 6, 2008)
  • Nationalmuseum (Stockholm), April 1, 2007 to January 6, 2008
The Edible Monument: The Art of Food for Festivals (October 13, 2015 to April 16, 2017)
  • The Getty Research Institute (Los Angeles), October 13, 2015 to March 13, 2016
Rome, Turin, Paris 1680-1750. Antique and Modern (May 30 to September 20, 2020)
  • La Venaria Reale (Torino), May 30 to September 20, 2020
Bibliography
Bibliography

Exposição de Arte Francesa, Especialmente de Ourivesaria do Século XVIII exh. cat. (Lisbon: Museu Nacional de Arte Antigua, 1934), pp. 64-65, 80-83, no. 230, ill. pl. 75 (lent by Ex.ma Sr.a D. Thereza Lobo de Almeida de Melo e Castro de Vilhena).

Les trésors de l’orfèvrerie du Portugal, exh. cat. (Paris: Musée des arts décoratifs, 1954), pp. 90-91, no. 453 (lent by Mme T. de Melo de Castro de Vilhena (Galveias), Lisbon).

Frégnac, Claude. Les Grands orfèvres de Louis XIII à Charles X. Collection Connaissance des arts "Grands artisans d'autrefois" (Paris: Hachette, 1965), p. 121.

Alcouffe, Daniel. Louis XV: Un moment de perfection de l'art français, exh. cat. (Paris: Hôtel de la Monnaie, 1974), p. 358, no. 484.

Christie's, Geneva. Highly Important European Silver/Importantes pièces d'orfèvrerie européene. November 11, 1975, pp. 74-75, no. 230 A and B, ill.

Milnes-Gaskell, Thomas. "Thomas Germain." Christie's Review of the Season (London and New York: Hutchinson in association St. Martin's Press, 1976), pp. 220-225, ill. p. 222.

Wavrin, Isabelle de. "Les Germains, dynastie d'orfevres." L'Estampille (January 1976), pp. 58-63, ill. p. 58.

Wilson, Gillian, Adrian Sassoon, and Charissa Bremer-David. "Acquisitions Made by the Department of Decorative Arts in 1982." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 11 (1983), pp. 24-28, no. 3, figs. 18-27, entry by Gillian Wilson.

Sassoon, Adrian, and Gillian Wilson. Decorative Arts: A Handbook of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986), pp. 66-67, no. 148.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 1st ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986), p. 157.

An Exhibition of Ornamental Drawings 1520-1920, exh. cat. (New York: Armin B. Allen, inc., with Hobhouse Ltd., 1987), no. 53, ill.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 2nd ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1988), p. 157.

French Silver in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: The J. Paul Getty Museum, 1988), pp. 2, 7-8, fig. 4.

Pons, Bruno. "Hôtel Jacques-Samuel Bernard." In Le Faubourg Saint-Germain: La Rue du Bac. Bruno Pons and Anne Forray-Carlier, eds. (Paris: Délégation à l'action artistique de la ville de Paris, 1990), pp. 126-53, especially pp. 132, 136, 152n23, and 153n50.

D'Orey, Leonor. The Silver Service of the Portuguese Crown (Lisbon: Edições Inapa, 1991), pp. 24-25, ill.

Perrin, Christiane. François Thomas Germain: orfèvre des rois (Saint-Rémy-en-l'Eau: Éditions d'Art Monelle Hayot, 1993), pp. 96-97, ill.

Bremer-David, Charissa, et al. Decorative Arts: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1993), pp. 111-112, no. 186.

Wilson, Gillian, and Catherine Hess. Summary Catalogue of European Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), pp. 94-95, no. 192.

Fuhring, Peter. Designing the Décor: French Drawings from the Eighteenth Century (Lisbon: Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, 2005), pp. 102-103 and p. 327, cat. no. 27 note 3; pp. 132-133 and p. 327, cat. no. 40 note 3.

Baillio, Joseph, et al., eds. The Arts of France from François Ier to Napoléon Ier: A Centennial Celebration of Wildenstein's Presence in New York, exh. cat. (New York: Wildenstein and Company, 2005), pp. 177 and 178n2.

Ahlund, Mikael, and Lisa Skogh. "Wild Boars and Peaches. A Reunion of Two French 18th-Century Artists." Art Bulletin of Nationalmuseum Stockholm 14 (2007), pp. 73-74, ill.

Wilson, Gillian, et al. French Furniture and Gilt Bronzes: Baroque and Régence: Catalogue of the J. Paul Getty Museum Collection (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2008), p. 373, fig. 18.

Seelig, Lorenz. "Das Silberservice König Georgs III. von Robert-Joseph Auguste und Frantz-Peter Bundsen - Zur Goldschmiedekunst des frühen Klassizismus in Paris, London und Hannover." Münchner Jahrbuch der bildenden Kunst, 3rd series, LVIII (2007), p. 185n142.

Bremer-David, Charissa. "Of Cauliflower and Crayfish: Serving Vessels to Awaken the Palate." In The Edible Monument: The Art of Food for Festivals. Marcia Reed, ed. (Los Angeles: Getty Publications, 2015), pp. 124-147, ill. p. 130, fig. 8.

Boiron, Stéphane. "Jacques-Samuel Bernard et l'argenterie Melo e Castro." Sotheby's, New York. The Tureen "aux Ecrevisses" by Thomas Germain. October 25, 2019, lot 690, pp. 44-60.

Magalhães, João. "The Portuguese History of the Melo e Castro Pots à Oille." Sotheby's, New York. The Tureen "aux Ecrevisses" by Thomas Germain. October 25, 2019, lot 690, p. 73, ill.

Ward, John D. "Evolution of a Form: Getting to Thomas Germain's 1740 Tureen "Aux Ecrevisses." Sotheby's, New York. The Tureen "aux Ecrevisses" by Thomas Germain. October 25, 2019, lot 690, p. 24.