The J. Paul Getty Museum

Long-case Musical Clock

Object Details

Title:

Long-case Musical Clock

Artists/Makers:

Clock movement by Jean-François Dominicé (French, 1694 - after 1754)

musical movement by Michel Stollenwerck (German, about 1700 - 1768, master 1746)

clock case attributed to Alexandre-Jean Oppenordt (French, 1639 - 1715)

possibly after designs by Gilles-Marie Oppenord (French, 1672 - 1742)

with later alterations also after designs by Oppenord

clock movement repair & face & hands replaced by Pierre-Bazile Lepaute (French, 1750 - 1843)

Culture:

French

Place:

Paris, France (Place Created)

Date:

about 1712

Medium:

Veneered with brass and tortoise shell on oak carcass; bronze mounts, enameled metal; glass

Object Number:

72.DB.40

Dimensions:

266.7 × 104.1 × 39.4 cm (105 × 41 × 15 1/2 in.)

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Object Description

Through both the decoration and mechanism, this clock and its lavishly ornamented case illustrate the latest scientific discoveries at the beginning of the 1700s. The four continents known at this time--Africa, Europe, Asia, and America--adorn the corners of the case. The area below the dial is fitted with a brass grille engraved with geometric designs and allegorical symbols corresponding to five of the seven planets known at the beginning of the 1700s: Saturn (Time), Mars (War), Mercury, Venus (Love), and Jupiter.

The clock and pedestal were originally separate pieces. At some point, Gilles-Marie Oppenord transformed them from a clock on a pedestal (probably made by his father, Alexandre-Jean Oppenordt) to a long-case clock, which kept time more accurately. Craftsmen placed the pendulum and weights of the later movement into a pedestal base and cut an opening into the front to show the pendulum's swing. They then added additional bronze mounts to mask the alterations and to further decorate the piece.

Jean-François Dominicé created the clock's movement. Michel Stollenwerck created the musical movement.

Provenance
Provenance
- 1793

Possibly Vincent Donjeux, French, died 1793 (Paris, France) [sold, Objets Précieux Trouvés après le décès du Citoyen Vincent Donjeux, Lebrun and Paillet, Paris, April 29, 1793, lot 562, for 745 livres]

-

Peter Burrell, 1st Lord Gwydir, British, 1754 - 1820 (Grimsthorpe Castle, Lincolnshire, England), by inheritance to Peter Robert Drummond-Burrell, 2nd Lord Gwydir.

- 1829

Peter Robert Drummond-Burrell, 2nd Lord Gwydir, British, 1782 - 1865 [sold, Christie's, London, March 11-12, 1829, lot 103, to Samuel Fogg, London]

-

Possibly William Allenye Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Exeter, British, 1825 - 1895, to his son Henry George Brownlow.

- 1888

Or Henry George Brownlow, 4th Marquess of Exeter, British, 1849 - 1898 (Burghley House, Cambridgeshire, England) [sold, Christie's, London, June 7-8, 1888, lot 261, to Charles Davis, London]

- 1899

Cornelius Vanderbilt II, American, 1843 - 1899 (New York City, NY), by inheritance to his daughter, Gladys Moore Vanderbilt.

1899 - 1965

Gladys Moore Vanderbilt, 1886 - 1965 (New York City, NY and The Breakers, Newport, Rhode Island, circa 1926-1927), upon her death, held in trust by her estate, 1965.

1965 - 1971

Estate of Gladys Moore Vanderbilt, 1886 - 1965 (New York City, NY), sold to Rosenberg and Stiebel, Inc., 1971.

1971 - 1972

Rosenberg & Stiebel, Inc. (New York City, NY), sold through French and Company to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1972.

Exhibitions
Exhibitions
The J. Paul Getty Collection of French Decorative Arts (October 3, 1972 to August 31, 1973)
  • The Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit), October 3, 1972 to August 31, 1973
Louis XIV at the Getty (June 9, 2015 to July 31, 2016)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), June 9, 2015 to July 31, 2016
Bibliography
Bibliography

Frel, Jiri, Burton B. Fredericksen, and Gillian Wilson. The J. Paul Getty Museum Guidebook. 3rd ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1975), p. 77.

Fredericksen, Burton B., ed. The J. Paul Getty Museum: Greek and Roman Antiquities, Western European Paintings, French Decorative Arts of the Eighteenth Century (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1975), pp. 140, 151, ill.

Wilson, Gillian. Clocks: French Eighteenth-Century Clocks in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1976), pp. 26-33, no. 5.

Frel, Jiri, Burton Fredericksen, and Gillian Wilson. The J. Paul Getty Museum Guidebook. Rev. ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1976), p. 82.

Wilson, Gillian. Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1977), p. 23, no. 28.

Fredericksen, Burton B., Jiří Frel, and Gillian Wilson. Guidebook: The J. Paul Getty Museum. 4th ed. Sandra Morgan, ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1978), p. 107.

Fredericksen, Burton B., Jiří Frel, and Gillian Wilson. The J. Paul Getty Museum Guidebook. 5th ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1980), p. 100.

Ottomeyer, Hans, and Peter Pröschel, eds. Vergoldete Bronzen: Die Bronzearbeiten des Spätbarock und Klassizismus. Vol 2, Beiträge zur Geschichte und Technik der Bronzearbeiten, zu Künstlern und Wekstätten  (Munich: Klinkhardt & Biermann, 1986), p. 491.

Sassoon, Adrian, and Gillian Wilson. Decorative Arts: A Handbook of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986), p. 37, no. 80.

Borelli, Gian Giotto. Horloges et Pendules (Paris: Editions Fabbri, 1992), p. 48, ill.

Bremer-David, Charissa, et al. Decorative Arts: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1993), p. 84, no. 130.

Godla, Joseph, and Gordon Hanlon. "Some Applications of Adobe Photoshop for the Documentation of Furniture Conservation." Journal of the American Institute for Conservation 34, no. 3 (Fall/Winter 1995), p. 167, fig. 11.

Wilson, Gillian, et al. European Clocks in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1996), pp. 28-41, no. 5.

The Dodge Collection of Eighteenth-Century French and English Art in The Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit: The Detroit Institute of Arts with Hudson Hills Press, 1996), p. 238.

Wilson, Gillian, and Catherine Hess. Summary Catalogue of European Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), p. 67, no. 131.

Wilson, Gillian, et al. French Furniture and Gilt Bronzes: Baroque and Régence: Catalogue of the J. Paul Getty Museum Collection (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2008), p. 370, fig. 8.

Demetrescu, Calin. "La pendule d'Hercule et Atlas et le régulateur du comte de Toulouse: hypothèses d'attribution." Revue des musées de France, no. 3 (2014), p. 79, fig. 12.