The J. Paul Getty Museum

Commode

Object Details

Title:

Commode

Artist/Maker:

Bernard II van Risenburgh (French, after 1696 - about 1766, master before 1730)

Culture:

French

Place:

Paris, France (Place Created)

Date:

about 1737

Medium:

White oak, veneered with alder, set with panels of Japanese lacquer on a coniferous substrate, and painted with European lacquer; veneered with cherry and amaranth on interior of the doors; replacement gilt-bronze mounts; brass and iron hardware and lock; Sarrancolin marble top; original silk fabric lining, and silver thread galon trim

Object Number:

65.DA.4

Dimensions:

88.3 × 151.9 × 57.8 cm (34 3/4 × 59 13/16 × 22 3/4 in.)

Credit Line:

Gift of J. Paul Getty

See more

See less

Object Description

Lacquer from China and Japan had been imported into France since the 1600s because its decorative patterns and distinctive character immediately appealed to wealthy consumers. In the 1700s increasing quantities of cabinets, screens, trays, and other shapes reached Europe and were adapted for use in fashionable interiors. By the 1730s panels of Asian lacquer would be cut out of their original settings and applied to European furniture as a type of decorative veneer. On this commode, the front and sides are each set with a central panel of raised black Japanese lacquer. The remaining surfaces of the commode are painted with black European lacquer.

The order for this commode was almost certainly made by the luxury goods dealer (marchand mercier) Thomas Joachim Hébert, for whom Bernard II van Risenburgh worked until 1750. Hébert would have supplied the lacquer to the cabinetmaker. In 1737 he is recorded as having delivered another commode by van Risenburgh, also decorated with black Japanese lacquer, to Louis XV’s wife, queen Maria Leszczynska. That delivery date helps scholars to date this similarly decorated commode.

Provenance
Provenance
- about 1951

René Weiller (Paris, France)

- 1953

Rosenberg & Stiebel, Inc. (New York, New York), sold to J. Paul Getty, 1953.

1953 - 1965

J. Paul Getty, American, 1892 - 1976, donated to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1965.

Exhibitions
Exhibitions
Tales in Sprinkled Gold: Japanese Lacquer for European Collectors (March 3 to May 24, 2009)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), March 3 to May 24, 2009
Bibliography
Bibliography

Valentiner, William R., and Paul Wescher. The J. Paul Getty Museum Guidebook (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1954), pp. 13-14, no. 20.

Wescher, Paul. "French Furniture of the Eighteenth Century in the J. Paul Getty Museum." The Art Quarterly 18, no. 2 (Summer 1955), pp. 118, 121-22, 128, fig. 11.

Valentiner, William R., and Paul Wescher. The J. Paul Getty Museum Guidebook. 2nd ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1956), pp. 27-29, no. 20.

Jones, Anne Marian. A Handbook of the Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1965), p. 24, pl. 14, no. D-61.

Watson, F. J. B. The Wrightsman Collection. Vol. 1, Furniture (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1966), p. 152.

Huth, Hans. Lacquer of the West: The History of a Craft and an Industry, 1550-1950 (Chicago and London: University of Chicago, 1971), pp. 91, n.p., fig. 238.

Fredericksen, Burton B., ed. The J. Paul Getty Museum: Greek and Roman Antiquities, Western European Paintings, French Decorative Arts of the Eighteenth Century (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1975), pp. 141, 159, ill.

Frel, Jiri, Burton B. Fredericksen, and Gillian Wilson. The J. Paul Getty Museum Guidebook. 3rd ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1975), p. 73.

Frel, Jiri, Burton Fredericksen, and Gillian Wilson. The J. Paul Getty Museum Guidebook. Rev. ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1976), p. 77.

Wilson, Gillian. Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1977), p. 33, no. 43.

Fredericksen, Burton B., Jiří Frel, and Gillian Wilson. Guidebook: The J. Paul Getty Museum. 4th ed. Sandra Morgan, ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1978), p. 101.

Fredericksen, Burton B., Jiří Frel, and Gillian Wilson. The J. Paul Getty Museum Guidebook. 5th ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1980), p. 92.

Wilson, Gillian. Selections from the Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1983), p. 28-29, no. 14.

Alcouffe, Daniel. "La commode du Cabinet de retraite de Marie Leczinska à Fontainebleau entre au Louvre." La Revue du Louvre et des Musées de France 4 (1988), pp. 282, 284, fig. 4.

Kjellberg, Pierre. Le Mobilier français du XVIIIe siècle: Dictionnaire des ébénistes et des menuisiers (Paris: Éditions de l'Amateur, 1989), p. 139.

Alcouffe, Daniel. Nouvelles acquisitions du département des objets d'art, 1985-1989 (Paris: Éditions de la Réunion des musées nationaux, 1990), p. 144, under no. 68, entry by Daniel Alcouffe.

Bremer-David, Charissa, et al. Decorative Arts: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1993), p. 25, no. 24.

Wolvesperges, Thibaut. Le Meuble français en laque au XVIIIe siècle (Paris and Brussels: Les Éditions de l’Amateur and Éditions Racine, 2000), pp. 164-65, fig. 77.

Wilson, Gillian, and Catherine Hess. Summary Catalogue of European Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), p. 14, no. 24.

Heginbotham, Arlen and Michael Schilling. "New evidence for the use of Southeast Asian raw materials in 17th Century Japanese export lacquer." In East Asian Lacquer: Material Culture, Science and Conservation (London: Archetype, 2011), pp. 92-93, 95, figs. 1, 5.

Heginbotham, Arlen. "Bronzes dorés: A technical approach to examination and authentication of French gilt bronze." In French Bronze Sculpture: Materials and Techniques 16th -18th Century (London: Archetype, 2014), p. 152, fig. 3.

Eighteenth Century: Birth of Design: Furniture Masterpieces 1650-1790, exh. cat. (Dijon: Éditions Faton, 2014), pp. 136-37.

Wilson, Gillian, and Arlen Heginbotham. French Rococo Ébénisterie in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2021), introduction, no. 5, ill., entry by Gillian Wilson; under nos. 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 11, 12, 13, 14.

Chasen, Jessica, Arlen Heginbotham, and Michael Schilling. "Analysis of East Asian and European Lacquer Surfaces on Rococo Furniture." In French Rococo Ébénisterie in the J. Paul Getty Museum, Wilson, Gillian, and Arlen Heginbotham (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2021), no. 5.