The J. Paul Getty Museum

Llangattock Hours

Object Details


Llangattock Hours


Willem Vrelant (Flemish, died 1481, active 1454 - 1481)

Master of the Llangattock Hours (Flemish, active about 1450 - 1460)

Master of the Llangattock Epiphany (Flemish, active about 1450 - 1460)

Master of Wauquelin's Alexander or workshop (Flemish, active about 1440 - 1460)

and Workshop of the Master of Jean Chevrot (Flemish, active about 1440 - 1450)




Ghent (bound), Belgium; Bruges (illuminated), Belgium (Place Created)




Tempera colors, gold leaf, gold paint, and ink

Object Number:

Ms. Ludwig IX 7 (83.ML.103)


Leaf: 26.4 × 18.4 cm (10 3/8 × 7 1/4 in.)

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Object Description

This finely illustrated book of hours takes its name from the Baron Llangattock, who owned the book in the 1900s. The manuscript is of particular interest because a number of its miniatures are closely related to compositions by the celebrated panel painter Jan van Eyck. The influence of van Eyck's style is most clearly seen in the manuscript's fourteen full-page miniatures. A full-page miniature opens each of the book's major texts, with eight devoted to the Hours of the Virgin, the most important section of a book of hours. The suffrages, or prayers addressed to individual saints, are illustrated with a series of historiated initials.

A number of artists participated in illuminating the manuscript, and in at least one example two illuminators collaborated on a single miniature, which required a high level of coordination. The anonymous artists known as the Master of the Llangattock Hours and the Master of the Llangattock Epiphany are both named for their work in this manuscript.

circa 1450

Lievin Stuvaert, Dutch,
Source: Inscribed on inside front cover fifteenth century hand:"Stuvart Lieuin me lya ainsin A gand." (Inside upper cover: Lievin Stuvaert, Ghent, circa 1450)

- 1916

John Maclean Rolls, 2nd Baron Llangattock, British, 1870 - 1916, Inherited by his sister, Eleanor Georgiana Shelley-Rolls, 1916.

1916 - 1958

Eleanor Georgiana Shelley-Rolls, British, 1872 - 1961 [sold, Christie, Manson and Woods, Ltd, London, December 8, 1958, lot 191, to H.P. Kraus.]

1958 -

Hans P. Kraus, Sr., American, born Austria, 1907 - 1988


Dr. Peter Ludwig, German, 1925 - 1996 and Irene Ludwig, German, 1927 - 2010, sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1983.

Flemish Manuscript Illumination: 1450-1550 (April 16 to June 30, 1985) (fols. 58v-59)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), April 16 to June 30, 1985
Illuminated Books of Hours (July 22 to October 3, 1986) (fols. 53v-54)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), July 22 to October 3, 1986
Illuminated Flemish Manuscripts of the Late Middle Ages (July 26 to October 16, 1988) (fols. 25v-26)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), July 26 to October 16, 1988
Vie a mon desir: Illuminated Manuscripts and Their Patrons (April 18 to July 2, 1989) (fols. 43v-44)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), April 18 to July 2, 1989
The Apocalypse and Other Visions in Medieval Illuminated Manuscripts (April 16 to June 30, 1991) (fols. 114v-115)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), April 16 to June 30, 1991
The Passion of Christ in Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts (April 11 to July 5, 1992) (fols. 31v-32)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), April 11 to July 5, 1992
Harmonies of Heaven and Earth: Musicians and Instruments in Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts (January 25 to April 10, 1994) (fols. 83v-84)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), January 25 to April 10, 1994
Jan Van Eyck's Annunciation (May 22 to September 4, 1994) (fols. 53v-54)
  • National Gallery of Art (Washington, D.C.), May 22 to September 4, 1994
Guillaume Wieland (Willem Vrelant), Miniaturist at the Court of the Dukes of Burgundy in the 15th Century (December 5, 1997 to January 17, 1998) (fols. 53v-54)
  • Bibliothèque royale de Belgique (Brussels), December 5, 1997 to January 17, 1998
Flemish Illumination of the Late Middle Ages (November 3, 1998 to January 17, 1999) (fols. 131v-132)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), November 3, 1998 to January 17, 1999
The Queen of the Angels (August 15 to November 5, 2000) (fols. 114v-115)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), August 15 to November 5, 2000
Ritual Splendor: Illuminated Liturgical Manuscripts (February 20 to May 6, 2001) (fols. 131v-132)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), February 20 to May 6, 2001
Medieval Mastery: Illumination from Charlemagne to Charles the Bold (800-1475) (September 21 to December 8, 2002) (fols. 131v-132)
  • Stedelijk Museum Vander Kelen-Mertens (Leuven), September 21 to December 8, 2002
Illuminating the Renaissance: The Triumph of Flemish Manuscript Painting in Europe (June 17, 2003 to February 22, 2004) (fols. 25v-26; fols. 53v-54)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), June 17 to September 7, 2003
  • Royal Academy of Arts (London), November 29, 2003 to February 22, 2004
Shrine and Shroud: Textiles in Illuminated Manuscripts (June 28 to October 2, 2005) (fols. 14v-15)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), June 28 to October 2, 2005
Imagining Christ (May 6 to July 27, 2008) (fols. 92v-93)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), May 6 to July 27, 2008
Building the Medieval World: Architecture in Illuminated Manuscripts (March 2 to May 16, 2010) (fols. 53v-54)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), March 2 to May 16, 2010
Illuminated Manuscripts from Belgium and the Netherlands (August 24, 2010 to February 6, 2011) (fols. 25v-26; fols. 68v-69)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), August 24, 2010 to February 6, 2011
Fashion in the Middle Ages (May 31 to August 14, 2011) (fols. 131v-132)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), May 31 to August 14, 2011
Face to Face: Flanders, Florence, and Renaissance (September 28, 2013 to January 13, 2014) (fols. 53v-54)
  • Huntington Art Collections (San Marino), September 28, 2013 to January 13, 2014
Truth and Beauty: The Pre-Raphaelites and the Old Masters (June 30 to September 30, 2018) (fols. 53v-54)
  • California Palace of the Legion of Honor (San Francisco), June 30 to September 30, 2018
Jan van Eyck: An Optical Revolution (February 1 to April 29, 2020) (fols. 53v-54)
  • Museum voor Schone Kunsten (Gand), February 1 to April 29, 2020

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